长难句(十)


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【1】 单选

1
In a significant tightening of legal controls over the press, Lord Irvine, the Lord Chancellor, will introduce a draft bill that will propose making payments to witnesses illegal and will strictly control the amount of publicity that can be given to a case before a trial begins.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. the Lord Chancellor 充当主句主语
B. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a draft bill
C. illegal 为后置定语,修饰 witnesses
D. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 the amount of publicity
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【2】 单选

2
The government is to ban payments to witnesses by newspapers seeking to buy up people involved in prominent cases such as the trial of Rosemary West.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为The government is to ban payments…
B. by newspapers 充当方式状语
C. seeking to buy up people 充当目的状语
D. involved in prominent cases 充当伴随状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【3】 单选

3
Publication of the letter came two days after Lord Irvine caused a storm of media protest when he said the interpretation of privacy controls contained in European legislation would be left to judges rather than to Parliament.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 …Lord Irvine caused a storm of media protest…
B. after 引导地点状语从句
C. when 引导定语从句,修饰 protest
D. contained in European legislation 为后置定语,修饰 privacy controls
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【4】 单选

4
In a letter to Gerald Kaufman, chairman of the House of Commons Media Select Committee, Lord Irvine said he agreed with a committee report this year which said that self regulation did not offer sufficient control.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. chairman of the House of Commons Media Select Committee 作同位语,补充说明 Gerald Kaufman
B. 主句主干为 …he agreed with a committee report this year…
C. which 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a committee report
D. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a committee report
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【5】 单选

5
The Lord Chancellor said introduction of the Human Rights Bill, which makes the European Convention on Human Rights legally binding in Britain, laid down that everybody was entitled to privacy and that public figures could go to court to protect themselves and their families.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the Human Rights Bill
B. binding 作作后置定语,修饰 the European Convention on Human Rights
C. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句
D. 第二个 that 引导主语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【6】 单选

6
However, there are still no forecasts for when faster-than-light travel will be available, or when human cloning will be perfected, or when time travel will be possible.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 there are...no forecasts
B. when faster-than-light travel will be available 为定语从句,修饰 forecasts
C. when human cloning will be perfected 为主语从句
D. when time travel will be possible 为时间状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【7】 单选

7
And home appliances will also become so smart that controlling and operating them will result in the breakout of a new psychological disorder — kitchen rage.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为…home appliances will…result in the breakout
B. so…that…引导结果状语从句
C. controlling and operating them 作后置定语,修饰 that
D. kitchen rage 作同位语,解释说明 the breakout
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【8】 单选

8
But that, Pearson points out, is only the start of man-machine integration: "It will be the beginning of the long process of integration that will ultimately lead to a fully electronic human before the end of the next century."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句,第一个并列分句主干为 Pearson points out
B. 第一个 that 引导主语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 integration
D. before the end of the next century 作时间状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【9】 单选

9
Children will play with dolls equipped with personality chips, computers with in-built personalities will be regarded as workmates rather than tools, relaxation will be in front of smell-television, and digital age will have arrived.
对划线部分 equipped with personality chips 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 充当表语
B. 充当后置定语,修饰 dolls
C. 充当谓语和宾语
D. 充当伴随状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【10】 单选

10
There will be television chat shows hosted by robots, and cars with pollution monitors that will disable them when they offend.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. hosted by robots 作宾语
B. with pollution monitors 作后置定语,修饰 cars
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 pollution monitors
D. when they offend 为时间状语从句,修饰主句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【11】 单选

11
"By linking directly to our nervous system, computers could pick up what we feel and, hopefully, simulate feeling too so that we can start to develop full sensory environments, rather like the holidays in Total Recall or the Star Trek holodeck," he says.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 直接引语的主句主干为 we feel and...simulate feeling
B. By linking directly to our nervous system 充当方式状语
C. what 引导主语从句
D. so that 引导原因状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【12】 单选

12
Pearson has pieced together the work of hundreds of researchers around the world to produce a unique millennium technology calendar that gives the latest dates when we can expect hundreds of key breakthroughs and discoveries to take place.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Pearson has pieced together the work…
B. to produce…作结果状语
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 calendar
D. when 引导时间从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【13】 单选

13
For the women of my generation who were urged to keep juggling through the '80s, downshifting in the mid-'90s is not so much a search for the mythical good life — growing your own organic vegetables, and risking turning into one — as a personal recognition of your limitations.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the women…is not so much…
B. who 引导的定语从句,修饰 my generation
C. for the mythical good life 作后置定语,修饰 a search
D. as a personal recognition of your limitations 作后置定语,修饰 one
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【14】 单选

14
I have been transformed from a passionate advocate of the philosophy of "having it all", preached by Linda Kelsey for the past seven years in the page of She magazine, into a woman who is happy to settle for a bit of everything.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 I…preached
B. preached by Linda Kelsey 作后置定语,修饰 the philosophy of "having it all"
C. into a woman 作后置定语,修饰 the page
D. who 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【15】 单选

15
I have discovered, as perhaps Kelsey will after her much-publicized resignation from the editorship of She after a build-up of stress, that abandoning the doctrine of "juggling your life", and making the alternative move into "downshifting" brings with it far greater rewards than financial success and social status.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 I have discovered…that...
B. as perhaps Kelsey will… 为方式状语从句
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰 stress
D. abandoning the doctrine... 作后置定语,修饰 stress
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【16】 单选

16
There are newsletters, such as The Tightwad Gazette, that give hundreds of thousands of Americans useful tips on anything from recycling their cling-film to making their own soap.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. such as 引出 newsletters 同位语
B. that 引导定语从句,修饰 The Tightwad Gazette
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 newsletters
D. useful tips 为宾语 Americans 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【17】 单选

17
When I decided to quit my full time employment it never occurred to me that I might become a part of a new international trend.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. when 引导时间状语从句
B. when 引导让步状语从句
C. that 引导宾语从句
D. that 引导定语从句,修饰 me
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【18】 单选

18
A comparison of British geological publications over the last century and a half reveals not simply an increasing emphasis on the primacy of research, but also a changing definition of what constitutes an acceptable research paper.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 A comparison…reveals not simply an increasing emphasis…but also a changing definition
B. of British geological publications 作地点状语
C. over the last century and a half 作时间状语
D. what 引导同位语从句,解释说明 definition
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【19】 单选

19
The growth of specialization in the nineteenth century, with its consequent requirement of a longer, more complex training, implied greater problems for amateur participation in science.
对划线部分 with its consequent requirement of a longer, more complex training 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 充当原因状语
B. 充当伴随状语
C. 充当结果状语
D. 充当目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【20】 单选

20
Nevertheless, the word "amateur" does carry a connotation that the person concerned is not fully integrated into the scientific community and, in particular, may not fully share its values.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the word "amateur" does…
B. that 引导定语从句,修饰 a connotation
C. that 引导的从句的谓语为 concerned
D. concerned 为后置定语,修饰 the person
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【21】 单选

21
A rather similar process of differentiation has led to professional geologists coming together nationally within one or two specific societies, whereas the amateurs have tended either to remain in local societies or to come together nationally in a different way.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 A process has led to professional geologists coming together…
B. coming together... 为后置定语,修饰 professional geologists
C. whereas 引导条件状语从句
D. in a different way 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【22】 单选

22
The overall result has been to make entrance to professional geological journals harder for amateurs, a result that has been reinforced by the widespread introduction of refereeing, first by national journals in the nineteenth century and then by several local geological journals in the twentieth century.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to professional geological journals 为状语,表对象
B. harder for amateurs 为宾语 entrance 的补语
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a result
D. by national journals 作状语,表明动作 reinforce 的实施者
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【23】 单选

23
By splitting up the subject matter into smaller units, one man could continue to handle the information and use it as the basis for further research.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 one man could continue to handle the information
B. By splitting up the subject matter 作方式状语
C. it 指代 the subject matter
D. as the basis 作原因状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【24】 单选

24
Countries that still think foreign investment is an invasion of their sovereignty might well study the history of infrastructure (the basic structural foundations of a society) in the United States.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 foreign investment is an invasion
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 Countries
C. foreign investment is an invasion of their sovereignty 为宾语从句
D. the basic structural foundations of a society 作同位语,解释说明 the history
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【25】 单选

25
And that is why America's Second Wave infrastructure — including roads, harbors, highways, ports and so on — were built with foreign investment.
对划线部分 why 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 引导原因状语从句
B. 引导宾语从句
C. 引导主语从句
D. 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【26】 单选

26
The more foreign capital you have helping you build your Third Wave infrastructure, which today is an electronic infrastructure, the better off you're going to be.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. helping you build your Third Wave infrastructure 作后置定语,修饰 foreign capital
B. helping you build your Third Wave infrastructure 作宾语 foreign capital 的补语
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰 foreign capital
D. which 引导定语从句,修饰前面的句子
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【27】 单选

27
What was less visible then, however, were the new, positive forces that work against the digital divide.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 What was less visible
B. What 引导主语从句
C. that 指代 What was less visible then
D. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 forces
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【28】 单选

28
More and more governments, afraid their countries will be left behind, want to spread Internet access.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为…governments afraid…
B. afraid... 作后置定语,修饰 governments
C. their countries will be left behind 为定语从句,修饰 governments
D. their countries will be left behind 为宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【29】 单选

29
And that is very good news because the Internet may well be the most powerful tool for combating world poverty that we've ever had.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 that is very good news
B. because 引导结果状语从句
C. for combating world poverty 作目的状语
D. that 引导定语从句,修饰 world poverty
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【30】 单选

30
Yet it is hard to imagine that the merger of a few oil firms today could re-create the same threats to competition that were feared nearly a century ago in the U.S., when the Standard Oil Trust was broken up.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 it is hard to imagine that…
B. 第一个 that 引导主语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 competition
D. when 引导条件状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【31】 单选

31
International affiliates account for a fast-growing segment of production in economies that open up and welcome foreign investment.
对划线部分 that open up and welcome foreign investment 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 为同位语从句,解释说明 economies
B. 为表语从句
C. 为定语从句,修饰 economies
D. 为宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【32】 单选

32
I believe that the most important forces behind the massive M&A wave are the same that underlie the globalization process: falling transportation and communication costs, lower trade and investment barriers and enlarged markets that require enlarged operations capable of meeting customer's demands.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 …the massive M&A wave are the same…
B. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 the massive M&A wave
D. 第三个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 enlarged markets
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【33】 单选

33
And should one country take upon itself the role of "defending competition" on issues that affect many other nations, as in the U.S. vs. Microsoft case?
对划线部分的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 为同位语从句,补充说明 issues
B. 为限制性定语从句,修饰 issues
C. 为同位语从句,补充说明 defending competition
D. 为限制性定语从句,修饰 defending competition
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【34】 单选

34
Who is going to supervise, regulate and operate as lender of last resort with the gigantic banks that are being created?
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. Who 引导主语从句
B. as lender of last resort 作原因状语
C. 主句主干为 Who…are being created
D. that 引导定语从句,修饰 the gigantic banks
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【35】 单选

35
There exists a social and cultural disconnect between journalists and their readers, which helps explain why the "standard templates" of the newsroom seem alien to many readers.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 journalists and their readers
B. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 a social and cultural disconnect
C. why 引导表语从句
D. why 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【36】 单选

36
Sad to say, this project has turned out to be mostly low-level findings about factual errors and spelling and grammar mistakes, combined with lots of head-scratching puzzlement about what in the world those readers really want.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 this project has turned out to be mostly low-level findings…
B. about factual errors and spelling and grammar mistakes 作后置定语,修饰 this project
C. combined with lots of head-scratching puzzlement 作后置定语,修饰 grammar mistakes
D. what 引导主语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【37】 单选

37
The organization is deep into a long self-analysis known as the journalism credibility project.
对划线部分 known as the journalism credibility project 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 作伴随状语
B. 作原因状语
C. 作后置定语,修饰 a long self-analysis
D. 作主语 The organization 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【38】 单选

38
If it did, it would open up its diversity program, now focused narrowly on race and gender, and look for reporters who differ broadly by outlook, values, education, and class.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. If it did 为条件状语从句
B. 主句主干为 it would open up…focused on race and gender and look for reporters
C. focused narrowly on race and gender 作伴随状语
D. who 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【39】 单选

39
Then it sponsors lots of symposiums and a credibility project dedicated to wondering why customers are annoyed and fleeing in large numbers.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. dedicated to wondering... 作目的状语
B. dedicated to wondering... 作后置定语,修饰 symposiums and a credibility project
C. why 引导原因状语从句
D. why 引导结果状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【40】 单选

40
Replies show that compared with other Americans, journalists are more likely to live in upscale neighborhoods, have maids, own Mercedeses, and trade stocks, and they're less likely to go to church, do volunteer work, or put down roots in a community.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. compared with other Americans 作定语,修饰 show
C. they 指代 Replies
D. 主句主干为 …journalists are more likely to live…
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【41】 单选

41
Furthermore, it is obvious that the strength of a country's economy is directly bound up with the efficiency of its agriculture and industry, and that this in turn rests upon the efforts of scientists and technologists of all kinds.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句
B. 第一个 that 引导表语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 its agriculture and industry
D. 第二个 that 引导主语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【42】 单选

42
It also means that governments are increasingly compelled to interfere in these sectors in order to step up production and ensure that it is utilized to the best advantage.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导主语从句
B. to interfere 作目的状语
C. in order to... 作目的状语
D. to the best advantage 作原因状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【43】 单选

43
Under modern conditions, this requires varying measures of centralized control and hence the help of specialized scientists such as economists and operational research experts.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. of centralized control 作后置定语,修饰 this
B. hence 引导结果状语从句
C. of specialized scientists 作后置定语,修饰 the help
D. such as... 引导比较状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【44】 单选

44
Governments throughout the world act on the assumption that the welfare of their people depends largely on the economic strength and wealth of the community.
对划线部分 that 的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the assumption
B. that 引导定语从句,修饰 the assumption
C. that 引导宾语从句
D. that 引导结果状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【45】 单选

45
For example, in the early industrialized countries of Europe the process of industrialization — with all the far-reaching changes in social patterns that followed — was spread over nearly a century, whereas nowadays a developing nation may undergo the same process in a decade or so.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. in social patterns 作地点状语
B. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 social patterns
C. over nearly a century 作时间状语
D. in a decade or so 作比较状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【46】 单选

46
Additional social stresses may also occur because of the population explosion or problems arising from mass migration movements — themselves made relatively easy nowadays by modern means of transport.
对划线部分 themselves 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. themselves 代指 Additional social stresses
B. themselves 代指 the population explosion
C. themselves 代指 problems
D. themselves 代指 mass migration movements
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【47】 单选

47
For example, they may encourage research in various ways, including the setting up of their own research centers; they may alter the structure of education, or interfere in order to reduce the wastage of natural resources or tap resources hitherto unexploited; or they may cooperate directly in the growing number of international projects related to science, economics and industry.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. in various ways 作地点状语
B. including... 作原因状语
C. unexploited 作宾语 resources 的补语
D. related to... 作后置定语,修饰 international projects
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【48】 单选

48
Owing to the remarkable development in mass-communications, people everywhere are feeling new wants and are being exposed to new customs and ideas, while governments are often forced to introduce still further innovations for the reasons given above.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. Owing to... 作原因状语
B. to new customs and ideas 作主语 people 的补语
C. while 引导时间状语从句
D. to introduce... 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【49】 单选

49
He must use this surplus in three ways: as seed for sowing, as an insurance against the unpredictable effects of bad weather and as a commodity which he must sell in order to replace old agricultural implements and obtain chemical fertilizers to feed the soil.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. in three ways 作后置定语,修饰 this surplus
B. against the unpredictable effects 作后置定语,修饰 an insurance
C. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 a commodity
D. in order to... 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【50】 单选

50
Naturally he will try to borrow money at a low rate of interest, but loans of this kind are not frequently obtainable.
对划线部分 to borrow money 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 划线部分作宾语补语
B. 划线部分作宾语
C. 划线部分作目的状语
D. 划线部分作结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【51】 单选

51
When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 划线部分的 it 为形式主语
B. what 引导主语从句
C. however 引导方式状语从句
D. that 引导结果状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【52】 单选

52
But it is a little upsetting to read in the explanatory notes that a certain line describes a fight between a Turkish and a Bulgarian officer on a bridge off which they both fall into the river — and then to find that the line consists of the noise of their falling and the weights of the officers: "Pluff! Pluff! A hundred and eighty-five kilograms."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. it 为形式主语
B. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the explanatory notes
C. between a Turkish and a Bulgarian officer on a bridge 作后置定语,修饰 a fight
D. 第二个 that 引导宾语从句,作 find 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【53】 单选

53
With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be — even admitting that the theory on which it is based may be right — it can hardly be classed as Literature.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. however 引导让步状语从句
B. whatever 引导让步状语从句
C. that 引导宾语从句
D. on which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the theory
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【54】 单选

54
This, in brief, is what the Futurist says; for a century, past conditions of life have been conditionally speeding up, till now we live in a world of noise and violence and speed.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. what 引导宾语从句
B. what 引导表语从句
C. till 引导让步状语从句
D. till 引导条件状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【55】 单选

55
This, though it fulfills the laws and requirements of Futurist poetry, can hardly be classed as Literature.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句句子主干为主谓宾结构
B. though 引导让步状语从句
C. of Futurist poetry 作后置定语,修饰 the laws and requirements
D. as Literature 作主语补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【56】 单选

56
All the same, no thinking man can refuse to accept their first proposition: that a great change in our emotional life calls for a change of expression.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. that 引导结果状语从句
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 their first proposition
D. that 引导的句子相当于一个同位语从句,解释说明 their first proposition
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【57】 单选

57
The coming of age of the postwar baby boom and an entry of women into the male-dominated job market have limited the opportunities of teenagers who are already questioning the heavy personal sacrifices involved in climbing Japan's rigid social ladder to good schools and jobs.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the opportunities
B. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 teenagers
C. involved in 作 questioning 之后的宾语从句的谓语
D. involved in 作结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【58】 单选

58
In a recent survey, it was found that only 24.5 percent of Japanese students were fully satisfied with school life, compared with 67.2 percent of students in the United States.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 it
C. compared with... 作比较状语
D. in the United States 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【59】 单选

59
Last year Mitsuo Setoyama, who was then education minister, raised eyebrows when he argued that liberal reforms introduced by the American occupation authorities after World War II had weakened the "Japanese morality of respect for parents".
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. who 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 Mitsuo Setoyama
B. when 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 Last year
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 he
D. after 引导时间状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【60】 单选

60
In the past decade, the Japanese divorce rate, while still well below that of the United States, has increased by more than 50 percent, and suicides have increased by nearly one-quarter.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. while 引导时间状语从句
B. while 引导比较状语从句
C. that 引导宾语从句
D. that 代指 divorce rate
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【61】 单选

61
Ten years ago young people were hardworking and saw their jobs as their primary reason for being, but now Japan has largely fulfilled its economic needs, and young people don't know where they should go next.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. as 引导原因状语从句
B. as 引导让步状语从句
C. for being 作后置定语,修饰 their primary reason
D. where 引导地点状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【62】 单选

62
Aimlessness has hardly been typical of the postwar Japan whose productivity and social harmony are the envy of the United States and Europe.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. whose 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the postwar Japan
B. whose 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 Aimlessness
C. and 连接两个并列分句
D. of the United States and Europe 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【63】 单选

63
This does not mean that ambition is at an end, that people no longer feel its stirrings and promptings, but only that, no longer openly honored, it is less openly professed.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. at an end 作地点状语
B. 划线部分的 that 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 ambition
C. no longer openly honored 作结果状语
D. it 代指 ambition
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【64】 单选

64
Instead, we are treated to fine hypocritical spectacles, which now more than ever seem in ample supply: the critic of American materialism with a Southampton summer home; the publisher of radical books who takes his meals in three-star restaurants; the journalist advocating participatory democracy in all phases of life, whose own children are enrolled in private schools.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to fine hypocritical spectacles 作目的状语
B. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 we
C. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 radical books
D. whose 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 the journalist
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【65】 单选

65
What is odd is that they have perhaps most benefited from ambition — if not always their own then that of their parents and grandparents.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. What 引导主语从句
B. 第一个 that 引导表语从句
C. 破折号后面的部分,补充说明 ambition
D. 第二个 that 引导主语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【66】 单选

66
What has happened is that people cannot confess fully to their dreams, as easily and openly as once they could, lest they be thought pushing, acquisitive and vulgar.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 第一个 as 为程度副词,修饰 easily and openly
B. 第二个 as 引导比较状语从句
C. lest 引导条件状语从句
D. pushing, acquisitive and vulgar 作主语 they 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【67】 单选

67
If the tradition of ambition is to have vitality, it must be widely shared; and it especially must be highly regarded by people who are themselves admired, the educated not least among them.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. If 引导主语从句
B. 划线部分的 it 为形式主语
C. who 引导同位语从句,解释说明 people
D. the educated not least among them 为独立主格结构
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【68】 单选

68
If ambition is to be well regarded, the rewards of ambition — wealth, distinction, control over one's destiny — must be deemed worthy of the sacrifices made on ambition's behalf.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. If 引导条件状语从句
B. wealth, distinction, control over one's destiny 作同位语,解释说明 ambition
C. worthy of the sacrifices 作目的状语
D. made on ambition's behalf 作原因状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【69】 单选

69
America and Americans were prosperous beyond the dreams of the Europeans and Asians whose economies the war had destroyed.
对划线部分 whose 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. whose 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 America and Americans
B. whose 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the dreams
C. whose 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the Europeans and Asians
D. whose 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the war
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【70】 单选

70
When the United States entered just such a glowing period after the end of the Second World War, it had a market eight times larger than any competitor, giving its industries unparalleled economies of scale.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. When 引导时间状语从句
B. it 代指 the United States
C. than any competitor 作比较状语
D. giving... 作原因状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【71】 单选

71
It was inevitable that this primacy should have narrowed as other countries grew richer.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. It 代指 this primacy
B. It 代指 as other countries grew richer
C. that 引导结果状语从句
D. as 引导时间状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【72】 单选

72
There are about 105 males born for every 100 females, but this ratio drops to near balance at the age of maturity, and among 70-year-olds there are twice as many women as men.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. born 作后置定语,修饰 105 males
B. at the age of maturity 作时间状语
C. among 70-year-olds 作目的状语
D. as men 作比较状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【73】 单选

73
A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. of long and effortless success 作原因状语
B. of long and effortless success 作后置定语,修饰 A history
C. if properly handled 为插入语
D. if properly handled 作条件状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【74】 单选

74
"American industry has changed its structure, has gone on a diet, has learnt to be more quick-witted," according to Richard Cavanagh, executive dean of Harvard's Kennedy School of Government.
对划线部分 to be more quick-witted 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to be more quick-witted 作目的状语
B. to be more quick-witted 作原因状语
C. to be more quick-witted 作结果状语
D. to be more quick-witted 作宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【75】 单选

75
For a while it looked as though the making of semiconductors, which America had invented and which sat at the heart of the new computer age, was going to be the next casualty.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. For 引导原因状语从句
B. while 引导时间状语从句
C. as though 引导让步状语从
D. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 semiconductors
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【76】 单选

76
Since much of the variation is due to genes, one more agent of evolution has gone.
对划线部分 Since 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. Since 引导原因状语从句
B. Since 引导让步状语从句
C. Since 引导时间状语从句
D. Since 引导结果状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【77】 单选

77
But however amazed our descendants may be at how far from Utopia we were, they will look just like us.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. But 为表示转折的并列连词,连接两个并列分句
B. however 引导方式状语从句
C. how 引导方式状语从句
D. how 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【78】 单选

78
This means that, for the first time, there will be an excess of boys in those crucial years when they are searching for a mate.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导表语从句
B. that 引导定语从句
C. when 引导条件状语从句
D. when 引导原因状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【79】 单选

79
Darwin had a phrase to describe those ignorant of evolution: they "look at an organic being as a savage looks at a ship, as at something wholly beyond his comprehension".
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to describe those 作目的状语
B. 冒号之后的部分对冒号之前的 Darwin had a phrase to describe those ignorant of evolution 进行解释说明
C. 划线部分的 as 引导方式状语从句
D. beyond his comprehension 作结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【80】 单选

80
The grand mediocrity of today — everyone being the same in survival and number of offspring — means that natural selection has lost 80% of its power in upper-middle-class India compared to the tribes.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. everyone being the same 是独立主格结构
B. everyone being the same 作同位语,解释说明 The grand mediocrity
C. that 引导表语从句
D. compared to the tribes 作后置定语,修饰 upper-middle-class India
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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