长难句(九)


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【1】 单选

1
Furthermore, humans have the ability to modify the environment in which they live, thus subjecting all other life forms to their own peculiar ideas and fancies.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 humans have the ability
B. to modify the environment 作后置定语,修饰 the ability
C. in which they live 作地点状语从句
D. thus subjecting... 作结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【2】 单选

2
Social science is that branch of intellectual enquiry which seeks to study humans and their endeavors in the same reasoned, orderly, systematic, and dispassioned manner that natural scientists use for the study of natural phenomena.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Social science is that branch of intellectual enquiry
B. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 that branch of intellectual enquiry
C. in the same...manner 作方式状语
D. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the same...manner
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【3】 单选

3
The emphasis on data gathered first-hand, combined with a cross-cultural perspective brought to the analysis of cultures past and present, makes this study a unique and distinctly important social science. 本句句子主干为( )。
A. The emphasis makes this study a social science
B. The emphasis on data gathered first-hand
C. data combined with a cross-cultural perspective
D. cultures past and present makes this study a social science
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【4】 单选

4
Tylor defined culture as "…that complex whole which includes belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society".
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Tylor defined culture as "…that complex whole…"
B. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 that complex whole
C. acquired by man as a member of society 作后置定语,修饰 habits
D. which 引导的从句宾语为 belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【5】 单选

5
Thus, the anthropological concept of "culture", like the concept of "set" in mathematics, is an abstract concept which makes possible immense amounts of concrete research and understanding.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the anthropological concept of "culture" is an abstract concept
B. like the concept of "set" in mathematics 作后置定语,修饰 the anthropological concept of "culture"
C. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 an abstract concept
D. which 引导的从句宾语为 immense amounts of concrete research and understanding
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【6】 单选

6
Therefore, it is important to study humans in all their richness and diversity in a calm and systematic manner, with the hope that the knowledge resulting from such studies can lead humans to a more harmonious way of living with themselves and with all other life forms on this planet Earth. 对本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 it is important to study humans
B. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the hope
C. that 引导从句的主干为 the knowledge can lead humans to a more harmonious way
D. in a calm and systematic manner 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【7】 单选

7
Anthropology is a field-study oriented discipline which makes extensive use of the comparative method in analysis. 对 划线部分 which makes extensive use of the comparative method in analysis 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 为 which 引导的同位语从句,解释说明 a field-study oriented discipline
B. 为 which 引导的同位语从句,解释说明 Anthropology
C. 为 which 引导的限制性定语从句,修饰 a field-study oriented discipline
D. 为 which 引导的限制性定语从句,修饰 Anthropology
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【8】 单选

8
On the contrary, they can help students get a sense of commitment by planning for roles that are within their capabilities and their attention spans and by having clearly stated rules.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 they can help students get a sense of commitment
B. by planning for roles… 与 by having clearly stated rules 并列作方式状语,修饰主句
C. their capabilities 与 their attention 并列作 within 的宾语
D. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 roles
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【9】 单选

9
In these activities, it is important to remember that the young teens have short attention spans. 对 划线部分 it is important to remember that the young teens have short attention spans 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. it 为形式主语,真正主语为 to remember that…
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 these activities
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰 these activities
D. that 指代 it 在从句中作宾语补足语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【10】 单选

10
A variety of activities should be organized so that participants can remain active as long as they want and then go on to something else without feeling guilty and without letting the other participants down.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 A variety of activities should be organized
B. so that 引导结果状语从句
C. as long as they want 为时间状语从句
D. without…and without… 作伴随状语,修饰 should be organized
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【11】 单选

11
Making friends is extremely important to teenagers, and many shy students need the security of some kind of organization with a supportive adult barely visible in the background.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Making friends is extremely important to teenagers
B. barely visible in the background 作后置定语,修饰 some kind of organization
C. with a supportive adult 作后置定语,修饰 the security
D. of some kind of organization 作后置定语,修饰 the security
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【12】 单选

12
However, the typical teenage lifestyle is already filled with so much competition that it would be wise to plan activities in which there are more winners than losers, for example, publishing newsletters with many student-written book reviews, displaying student artwork, and sponsoring book discussion clubs.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the typical teenage lifestyle is...filled with so much competition...
B. that 引导定语从句,修饰 so much competition
C. it 在 that 引导的从句中作形式主语,真正的主语为 to plan activities
D. publishing...,displaying...,sponsoring...,并列作 activities 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【13】 单选

13
Because they are adjusting to their new bodies and a whole host of new intellectual and emotional challenges, teenagers are especially self-conscious and need the confidence that comes from achieving success and knowing that their accomplishments are admired by others.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 teenagers are especially self-conscious
B. because 引导原因状语从句,从句宾语为 their new bodies and a whole...challenges
C. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the confidence
D. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 success
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【14】 单选

14
If railroads charged all customers the same average rate, they argue, shippers who have the option of switching to trucks or other forms of transportation would do so, leaving remaining customers to shoulder the cost of keeping up the line.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 shippers would do so
B. they argue 为插入语
C. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 shippers
D. to shoulder the cost... 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【15】 单选

15
Shielded by third-party payers from the cost of our care, we demand everything that can possibly be done for us, even if it's useless.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. even if it's useless 为条件状语从句
B. 主句主干为 we demand everything
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 everything
D. Shielded by third-party payers from the cost of our care 作前置定语,修饰 we
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【16】 单选

16
Physicians — frustrated by their inability to cure the disease and fearing loss of hope in the patient — too often offer aggressive treatment far beyond what is scientifically justified.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Physicians offer aggressive treatment
B. fearing loss of… 与 their inability 并列作 by 的宾语
C. what 引导定语从句,修饰 aggressive treatment
D. frustrated by…and fearing… 作同位语,解释说明 Physicians
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【17】 单选

17
Former Colorado governor Richard Lamm has been quoted as saying that the old and infirm "have a duty to die and get out of the way", so that younger, healthier people can realize their potential.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句,作 saying 的宾语
B. 主句主干为 Former Colorado governor Richard Lamm has been quoted as saying that…
C. as saying that… 为 as 引导的原因状语
D. so that 引导目的状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【18】 单选

18
But many shippers complain that for heavy bulk commodities traveling long distances, such as coal, chemicals, and grain, trucking is too costly and the railroads therefore have them by the throat.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 many shippers complain that…
B. that 引导宾语从句,从句主干为 traveling long distances...is too costly
C. traveling long distances 作后置定语,修饰 heavy bulk commodities
D. such as 引出 heavy bulk commodities 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【19】 单选

19
Shippers who feel they are being overcharged have the right to appeal to the federal government's Surface Transportation Board for rate relief, but the process is expensive, time-consuming, and will work only in truly extreme cases.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Shippers have the right
B. to appeal to the federal government's Surface Transportation Board 作后置定语,修饰 Shippers
C. 本句为并列复合句,第二个并列分句为 the process is expensive, time-consuming
D. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 Shippers
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【20】 单选

20
It's a theory to which many economists subscribe, but in practice it often leaves railroads in the position of determining which companies will flourish and which will fail.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to which many economists subscribe 为同位语从句,解释说明 a theory
B. which companies will flourish 为定语从句,修饰 the position
C. and 连接两个并列的宾语从句,作 determining 的宾语
D. 主句主干为 it often leaves railroads in the position
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【21】 单选

21
The railroad industry as a whole, despite its brightening fortunes, still does not earn enough to cover the cost of the capital it must invest to keep up with its surging traffic.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The railroad industry does not earn enough
B. despite its brightening fortunes 作状语表转折
C. it must invest 作同位语,解释说明 the cost of the capital
D. to cover the cost of the capital 作后置定语,修饰 its brightening fortunes
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【22】 单选

22
These leaders are living proof that prevention works and that we can manage the health problems that come naturally with age.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句,第一个并列分句主干为 These leaders are living
B. that prevention works 作同位语,解释说明 These leaders
C. that come naturally with age 为限制性定语从句,修饰 the health problems
D. 本句为并列复合句,第二个并列分句主干为 we can manage the health problems
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【23】 单选

23
But not even a great health-care system can cure death — and our failure to confront that reality now threatens this greatness of ours.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 not even a great health-care system can cure death
B. to confront that reality 作目的状语
C. that reality 指代 a great health-care system
D. 本句为并列复合句,第二个并列分句主干为 our failure threatens this greatness
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【24】 单选

24
I also know that people in Japan and Sweden, countries that spend far less on medical care, have achieved longer, healthier lives than we have.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. countries that spend far less on medical care 作同位语,解释说明 Japan and Sweden
B. 主句主干为 I also know that…
C. that spend far less on medical care 为限制性定语从句,修饰 countries
D. in Japan and Sweden 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【25】 单选

25
Some scholars conclude that a government with finite resources should simply stop paying for medical care that sustains life beyond a certain age — say 83 or so.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Some scholars conclude that…
B. with finite resources 作后置定语,修饰 a government
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 medical care
D. 83 or so 为同位语,解释说明 a certain age
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【26】 单选

26
Next year, after a series of mergers is completed, just four railroads will control well over 90 percent of all the freight moved by major rail carriers.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 four railroads...moved
B. after 引导时间状语从句
C. moved by major rail carriers 作后置定语,修饰 four railroads
D. well 为形容词,修饰 90 percent of all the freight
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【27】 单选

27
These days the Net, which has already re-made such everyday pastimes as buying books and sending mail, is reshaping Donovan's vocation as well.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. which 指代 the Net,在定语从句中作主语
B. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 These days
C. 主句主干为 the Net is reshaping Donovan’s vocation
D. buying books and sending mail 作同位语,解释说明 everyday past imes
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【28】 单选

28
Open-source spying does have its risks, of course, since it can be difficult to tell good information from bad. 对 划线部分 since it can be difficult to tell good information from bad 的理解,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. since引导原因状语从句
B. since 引导时间状语从句
C. it 为形式主语,真正主语为 to tell good information from bad
D. 该句为省略句,bad 后面省略了 information
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【29】 单选

29
Straitford's briefs don't sound like the usual Washington back-and-forthing, whereby agencies avoid dramatic declarations on the chance they might be wrong.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 …briefs don't sound like the usual Washington back-and-forthing
B. whereby 引导定语从句,修饰 the usual Washington back-and-forthing
C. on the chance 引导目的状语从句
D. they might be wrong 为定语从句,修饰 dramatic declarations
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【30】 单选

30
Among the firms making the biggest splash in this new world is Straitford, Inc., a private intelligence-analysis firm based in Austin, Texas.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 Among the firms is Straitford, Inc.
B. making the biggest splash 作后置定语,修饰 the firms
C. a private intelligence-analysis firm… 作后置定语,修饰 Straitford, Inc.
D. based in Austin, Texas 作后置定语,修饰 a private intelligence-analysis firm
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【31】 单选

31
Straitford president George Friedman says he sees the online world as a kind of mutually reinforcing tool for both information collection and distribution, a spymaster's dream.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 George Friedman sees the online world
B. he sees the online world as… 作 says 的宾语
C. a spymaster's dream 作后置定语,修饰 information collection and distribution
D. for both information collection and distribution 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【32】 单选

32
The winner, by a large margin, was a tiny Virginia company called Open Source Solutions, whose clear advantage was its mastery of the electronic world.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The winner...called Open Source Solutions
B. whose 引导非限制性定语从句,先行词为 Open Source Solutions
C. called Open Source Solutions 作后置定语,修饰 The winner
D. of the electronic world 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【33】 单选

33
Leaders of the animal rights movement target biomedical research because it depends on public funding, and few people understand the process of health care research.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. because 引导原因状语从句
B. 主句主干为 Leaders target biomedical research
C. it 指代 biomedical research
D. 本句为并列复合句,第二个并列分句为 few people understand the process of health care research
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【34】 单选

34
One such cause now seeks to end biomedical research because of the theory that animals have rights ruling out their use in research.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 One such cause now seeks to end biomedical research
B. because of the theory... 作结果状语
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the theory
D. ruling out their use in research 作后置定语,修饰 the theory
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【35】 单选

35
To those who are unaware that animal research was needed to produce these treatments, as well as new treatments and vaccines, animal research seems wasteful at best and cruel at worst.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 animal research seems wasteful at best and cruel at worst
B. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 those
C. that 引导宾语从句,作 are unaware 的宾语
D. as well as new treatments and vaccines 作状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【36】 单选

36
For example, a grandmotherly woman staffing an animal rights booth at a recent street fair was distributing a brochure that encouraged readers not to use anything that comes from or is tested in animals — no meat, no fur, no medicines.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. staffing an animal rights booth 作同位语,解释说明 a grandmotherly woman
B. 主句主干为 a grandmotherly woman...was distributing a brochure
C. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a brochure
D. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 a brochure
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【37】 单选

37
Finally, because the ultimate stakeholders are patients, the health research community should actively recruit to its cause not only well-known personalities such as Stephen Cooper, who has made courageous statements about the value of animal research, but all who receive medical treatment.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the health research community should actively recruit to its cause
B. because 引导原因状语从句
C. 第一个 who 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 well-known personalities
D. 第二个 who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 animal research
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【38】 单选

38
They should be quick to respond to letters to the editor, lest animal rights misinformation go unchallenged and acquire a deceptive appearance of truth.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 They should be quick to respond to letters and acquire a deceptive appearance of truth
B. lest 引导目的状语从句
C. to the editor 作目的状语
D. lest 引导的从句的谓语为 go unchallenged
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【39】 单选

39
Scientists need to respond forcefully to animal rights advocates, whose arguments are confusing the public and thereby threatening advances in health knowledge and care.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Scientists need to...respond to…advocates
B. whose 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 scientists
C. thereby 为连词连接 threatening
D. in health knowledge and care 作地点状语。
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【40】 单选

40
As was discussed before, it was not until the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant pre-electronic medium, following in the wake of the pamphlet and the book and in the company of the periodical.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句主干 it was not until the 19th century that… 为强调句
B. As 引导时间状语从句
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰 the 19th century
D. following… 为现在分词结构作后置定语,修饰 the dominant pre-electronic medium
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【41】 单选

41
It was within the computer age that the term "information society" began to be widely used to describe the context within which we now live.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the term…began to be widely used
B. that 引导定语从句,修饰 the computer age
C. information society 为 the term 的同位语
D. within which we now live 为地点状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【42】 单选

42
As time went by, computers became smaller and more powerful, and they became "personal" too, as well as institutional, with display becoming sharper and storage capacity increasing.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句
B. As 引导原因状语从句
C. as well as institutional 为介词结构作状语
D. with… 为介词结构作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【43】 单选

43
It is generally recognized, however, that the introduction of the computer in the early 20th century, followed by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s, radically changed the process, although its impact on the media was not immediately apparent.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the introduction…radically changed the process
B. It 指代 that 引导的内容
C. that 引导宾语从句,充当 recognized 的宾语
D. followed… 为后置定语,修饰 the early 20th century
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【44】 单选

44
It was during the same time that the communications revolution speeded up, beginning with transport, the railway, and leading on through the telegraph, the telephone, radio, and motion pictures into the 20th-century world of the motor car and the air plane.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句主干为 the communications revolution speeded up
B. that 引导定语从句,修饰 the same time
C. beginning… 作后置定语,修饰 the communications revolution
D. leading… 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【45】 单选

45
The communications revolution has influenced both work and leisure and how we think and feel both about place and time, but there have been controversial views about its economic, political, social and cultural implications.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句为 but 连接的并列复合句
B. work,leisure,place 和 time 为 influenced 的宾语
C. how 引导宾语从句
D. 划线的 about… 作后置定语,修饰 controversial views
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【46】 单选

46
Until these issues are resolved, a technology of behavior will continue to be rejected, and with it possibly the only way to solve our problems.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 a technology of behavior will continue to be rejected
B. with it 作伴随状语
C. it 指代 a technology of behavior
D. to solve our problems 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【47】 单选

47
It will not solve our problems, however, until it replaces traditional prescientific views, and these are strongly entrenched.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 It will not solve our problems
B. It 指代 traditional prescientific views
C. until 引导时间状语从句
D. and 连接 it replaces traditional prescientific views 和 these are strongly entrenched
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【48】 单选

48
They are the possessions of the autonomous (self-governing) man of traditional theory, and they are essential to practices in which a person is held responsible for his conduct and given credit for his achievements.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句,第一个分句主干为 They are the possessions,第二个分句主干为 (They are) given credit
B. of the autonomous (self-governing) man 作后置定语,修饰 the possessions
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰 practices
D. for his achievements 作原因状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【49】 单选

49
As the interaction between organism and environment has come to be understood, however, effects once assigned to states of mind, feelings, and traits are beginning to be traced to accessible conditions, and a technology of behavior may therefore become available.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. As 引导比较状语从句
B. between organism and environment 为地点状语
C. once assigned to states of mind, feelings, and traits 为后置定语,修饰 effects
D. to accessible conditions 为后置定语,修饰 effects
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【50】 单选

50
What is needed is a technology of behavior, but we have been slow to develop the science from which such a technology might be drawn.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. What 引导主语从句
B. 本句为并列复合句,第二个并列分句主干为 we have been slow to develop the science...
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰 a technology of behavior
D. such a technology 指 a technology of behavior
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【51】 单选

51
The role of natural selection in evolution was formulated only a little more than a hundred years ago, and the selective role of the environment in shaping and maintaining the behavior of the individual is only beginning to be recognized and studied.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句,两个分句都为主谓宾结构
B. in evolution 作地点状语
C. of the environment 作后置定语,修饰 the selective role
D. shaping and maintaining the behavior of the individual 在句中作主语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【52】 单选

52
The behavioral sciences have been slow to change partly because the explanatory items often seem to be directly observed and partly because other kinds of explanations have been hard to find.
对划线部分 and 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. and 连接并列的两个分句
B. and 连接充当 change 宾语的两个宾语从句
C. and 连接两个副词 directly 和 partly
D. and 连接 because 引导的两个原因状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【53】 单选

53
One difficulty is that almost all of what is called behavioral science continues to trace behavior to states of mind, feelings, traits of character, human nature, and so on.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 One difficulty…continues to trace behavior
B. that 引导表语从句
C. what 引导主语从句
D. states of mind,feelings,traits of character 和 human nature 为 trace 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【54】 单选

54
Everyone is very peaceful, polite and friendly until, waiting in a line for lunch, the new arrival is suddenly pushed aside by a man in a white coat, who rushes to the head of the line, grabs his food and stomps over to a table by himself.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Everyone is very peaceful, polite and friendly
B. until 引导时间状语从句
C. waiting in a line for lunch 作后置定语,修饰 Everyone
D. who 引导定语从句,修饰 a man
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【55】 单选

55
If you are part of the group, which you are addressing, you will be in a position to know the experiences and problems which are common to all of you and it'll be appropriate for you to make a passing remark about the inedible canteen food or the chairman's notorious bad taste in ties.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 you will be in a position to know the experiences and problems
B. which 引导定语从句,修饰 the experiences and problems
C. it 指代 part of the group
D. to make a passing remark 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【56】 单选

56
Your humor must be relevant to the audience and should help to show them that you are one of them or that you understand their situation and are in sympathy with their point of view.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Your humor must be relevant
B. to show them… 为 help 的宾语
C. 第一个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 Your humor
D. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 Your humor
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【57】 单选

57
Here is an example, which I heard at a nurses' convention, of a story which works well because the audience all shared the same view of doctors.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Here is an example
B. 第一个 which 引导 an example 的同位语从句
C. of a story 作后置定语,修饰 an example
D. 第二个 which 引导定语从句,修饰 a story
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【58】 单选

58
Often it's the delivery which causes the audience to smile, so speak slowly and remember that a raised eyebrow or an unbelieving look may help to show that you are making a light-hearted remark.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导定语从句,修饰 the delivery
B. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句,充当 speak 的宾语
C. to show… 为 help 的宾语
D. 第二个 that 引导宾语从句,充当 remember 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【59】 单选

59
With other audiences you mustn't attempt to cut in with humor as they will resent an outsider making disparaging remarks about their canteen or their chairman.
对划线部分 as 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. as 引导时间状语从句
B. as 引导方式状语从句
C. as 引导比较状语从句
D. as 引导原因状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【60】 单选

60
And thanks to the continual miniaturization of electronics and micro-mechanics, there are already robot systems that can perform some kinds of brain and bone surgery with submillimeter accuracy — far greater precision than highly skilled physicians can achieve with their hands alone.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 robot systems…can achieve
B. that 引导 robot systems 的同位语从句
C. far greater precision 为 robot systems 的同位语
D. than 引导定语从句,修饰 far greater precision
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【61】 单选

61
As a result, the modern world is increasingly populated by intelligent gizmos whose presence we barely notice but whose universal existence has removed much human labor.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the modern world is…populated
B. by intelligent gizmos 作状语,表明动作 populate 的实施者
C. 第一个 whose 引导定语从句,修饰 intelligent gizmos
D. 第二个 whose 引导定语从句,修饰 we
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【62】 单选

62
But if robots are to reach the next stage of laborsaving utility, they will have to operate with less human supervision and be able to make at least a few decisions for themselves — goals that pose a real challenge.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 they will have to operate
B. they 指代 human
C. goals 指主句内容
D. that 引导 goals 的同位语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【63】 单选

63
Despite a spell of initial optimism in the 1960s and 1970s when it appeared that transistor circuits and microprocessors might be able to copy the action of the human brain by the year 2010, researchers lately have begun to extend that forecast by decades if not centuries.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. when 引导时间状语从句
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. by the year 2010 作时间状语
D. by decades if not centuries 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【64】 单选

64
"While we know how to tell a robot to handle a specific error," says Dave Lavery, manager of a robotics program at NASA, "we can't yet give a robot enough 'common sense' to reliably interact with a dynamic world."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. While 引导时间状语从句
B. how 引导方式状语从句
C. manager of a robotics program at NASA 为 Dave Lavery 的同位语
D. common sense 为 give 的间接宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【65】 单选

65
What they found, in attempting to model thought, is that the human brain's roughly one hundred billion nerve cells are much more talented — and human perception far more complicated — than previously imagined.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. What 引导主语从句
B. that 引导表语从句
C. far more complicated 为后置定语,修饰 human perception
D. than 引导比较状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【66】 单选

66
But the human mind can glimpse a rapidly changing scene and immediately disregard the 98 percent that is irrelevant, instantaneously focusing on the monkey at the side of a winding forest road or the single suspicious face in a big crowd.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the human mind…is…focusing on the monkey…or the single suspicious face
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the 98 percent
C. focusing on… 作结果状语
D. or 连接 at the side of a winding forest road 和 the single suspicious face
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【67】 单选

67
One more reason not to lose sleep over the rise in oil prices is that, unlike the rises in the 1970s, it has not occurred against the background of general commodity-price inflation and global excess demand.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 it has not occurred…
B. not to lose sleep 作目的状语
C. over the rise in oil prices 作后置定语,修饰 sleep
D. that 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【68】 单选

68
On the other hand, oil-importing emerging economies — to which heavy industry has shifted — have become more energy-intensive, and so could be more seriously squeezed.
对划线部分 which 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导主语从句
B. which 引导宾语从句
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰 oil-importing emerging economies
D. which 引导同位语从句,解释说明 oil-importing emerging economies
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【69】 单选

69
Although it ruled that there is no constitutional right to physician-assisted suicide, the Court in effect supported the medical principle of "double effect," a centuries-old moral principle holding that an action having two effects — a good one that is intended and a harmful one that is foreseen — is permissible if the actor intends only the good effect.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 it ruled that…
B. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句,充当 ruled 的宾语
C. 第二个 that 引导 moral principle 的同位语从句
D. having two effects 作后置定语,修饰 moral principle
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【70】 单选

70
The Supreme Court's decisions on physician-assisted suicide carry important implications for how medicine seeks to relieve dying patients of pain and suffering.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The Supreme Court's decisions…carry important implications
B. on physician-assisted suicide 作地点状语
C. for 引导原因状语从句
D. how 引导方式状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【71】 单选

71
Nancy Dubler, director of Montefiore Medical Center, contends that the principle will shield doctors who "until now have very, very strongly insisted that they could not give patients sufficient medication to control their pain if that might hasten death."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Nancy Dubler…contends that…
B. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句
C. who 引导定语从句,修饰 doctors
D. 第二个 that 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【72】 单选

72
George Annas, chair of the health law department at Boston University, maintains that, as long as a doctor prescribes a drug for a legitimate medical purpose, the doctor has done nothing illegal even if the patient uses the drug to hasten death.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the doctor has done nothing illegal
B. that 引导宾语从句,充当 maintains 的宾语
C. as long as 引导比较状语从句
D. even if 引导条件状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【73】 单选

73
This near-tripling of oil prices calls up scary memories of the 1973 oil shock, when prices quadrupled, and 1979-80, when they also almost tripled.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 This near-tripling of oil prices calls up scary memories
B. 第一个 when 引导定语从句,修饰 scary memories
C. 第二个 when 引导时间状语从句
D. they 指代 scary memories
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【74】 单选

74
In Europe, taxes account for up to four-fifths of the retail price, so even quite big changes in the price of crude have a more muted effect on pump prices than in the past.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句主干为 taxes account for…four-fifths…
B. of the retail price 作后置定语,修饰 taxes
C. in the price of crude 作地点状语
D. than 引导比较状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【75】 单选

75
Strengthening economic growth, at the same time as winter grips the northern hemisphere, could push the price higher still in the short term.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Strengthening economic growth…could push the price higher...
B. at the same time 作时间状语
C. as 引导原因状语从句
D. still 修饰 higher
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【76】 单选

76
The OECD estimates in its latest Economic Outlook that, if oil prices averaged $22 a barrel for a full year, compared with $13 in 1998, this would increase the oil import bill in rich economies by only 0.25-0.5% of GDP.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 this would increase the oil import bill
B. in its latest Economic Outlook 作后置定语,修饰 estimates
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 its latest Economic Outlook
D. compared with $13 in 1998 作比较状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【77】 单选

77
It identifies the undertreatment of pain and the aggressive use of "ineffectual and forced medical procedures that may prolong and even dishonor the period of dying" as the twin problems of end-of-life care.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 It identifies the undertreatment…and the aggressive use…
B. that 引导定语从句,修饰 ineffectual and forced medical procedures
C. the period of dying 为 prolong 和 dishonor 的宾语
D. as the twin problems... 为宾语 the undertreatment 和 the aggressive use 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【78】 单选

78
On another level, many in the medical community acknowledge that the assisted-suicide debate has been fueled in part by the despair of patients for whom modern medicine has prolonged the physical agony of dying.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the medical community acknowledge that…
B. in the medical community 作后置定语,修饰 many
C. that 引导表语从句
D. whom 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【79】 单选

79
"Large numbers of physicians seem unconcerned with the pain their patients are needlessly and predictably suffering," to the extent that it constitutes "systematic patient abuse."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 their patients are…suffering
B. their patients are needlessly and predictably suffering 为定语从句,修饰 the pain
C. to the extent that… 作方式状语
D. that 引导定语从句,修饰 the pain
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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