长难句(八)


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【1】 单选

1
Television is one of the means by which these feelings are created and conveyed — and perhaps never before has it served so much to connect different peoples and nations as in the recent events in Europe.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the means
B. which 引导定语从句,修饰 the means
C. 划线句子的主干是 …before has it…
D. to connect different peoples and nations 充当结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【2】 单选

2
This also involves the agreements between European countries for the creation of a European bank for Television Production which, on the model of the European Investments Bank, will handle the finances necessary for production costs.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为…the agreements…will handle…costs.
B. for the creation of a European bank for Television Production 作目的状语
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰 a European bank
D. on the model of the European Investments Bank 作定语,修饰 which
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【3】 单选

3
In dealing with a challenge on such a scale, it is no exaggeration to say "United we stand, divided we fall."
对划线部分 to say "United we stand, divided we fall 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 充当宾语
B. 充当主语
C. 作目的状语
D. 作结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【4】 单选

4
In Europe, as elsewhere, multi-media groups have been increasingly successful: groups which bring together television, radio, newspapers, magazines and publishing houses that work in relation to one another.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 multi-media groups have been…successful
B. which 引导宾语从句
C. that 引导宾语从句
D. that 引导定语从句,修饰 publishing houses
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【5】 单选

5
This alone demonstrates that the television business is not an easy world to survive in, a fact underlined by statistics that show that out of eighty European television networks, no less than 50% took a loss in 1989.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 This
B. a fact 是同位语,补充说明第一个 that 引导的从句
C. 第二个that 引导定语从句,修饰 a fact
D. out of eighty European television networks 充当原因状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【6】 单选

6
Moreover, the integration of the European community will oblige television companies to cooperate more closely in terms of both production and distribution.
对划线部分 to cooperate more closely 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 作目的状语
B. 作结果状语
C. 作原因状语
D. 作宾语补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【7】 单选

7
Creating a "European identity" that respects the different cultures and traditions which go to make up the connecting fabric of the Old Continent is no easy task and demands a strategic choice — that of producing programs in Europe for Europe.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Creating a “European identity”… respects…
B. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 European identity
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰 the different cultures and traditions
D. 第二个 that 指代 demands
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【8】 单选

8
This entails reducing our dependence on the North American market, whose programs relate to experiences and cultural traditions which are different from our own.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 This entails reducing our dependence...
B. whose 引导的是非限制性定语从句,修饰 dependence
C. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 cultural traditions
D. reducing our dependence 作后置定语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【9】 单选

9
The brain finds it best to keep smell receptors available for unfamiliar and emergency signals such as the smell of smoke, which might indicate the danger of fire.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. it 代指 smell receptors
B. available 作宾语 smell receptors 的补语
C. such as 引出同位语 the smell of smoke,解释说明 unfamiliar and emergency signals
D. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 the smell of smoke
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【10】 单选

10
The explanation for insensitivity to smell seems to be that the brain finds it inefficient to keep all smell receptors working all the time but can create new receptors if necessary.
对划线部分 it 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. it 代指 The explanation
B. it 代指 insensitivity
C. it 代指 the brain
D. it 为形式宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【11】 单选

11
So when the premiers gather in Niagara Falls to assemble their usual complaint list, they should also get cracking about something in their jurisdiction that would help their budgets and patients.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 …they should…get cracking about something...
B. when 引导条件状语从句
C. to assemble their usual complaint list 充当结果状语
D. that 引导定语从句,修饰jurisdiction
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【12】 单选

12
Perhaps they should read what he had to say about drugs: "A national drug agency would provide governments more influence on pharmaceutical companies in order to constrain the ever-increasing cost of drugs."
对划线部分 in order to constrain the ever-increasing cost of drugs 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 作原因状语
B. 作宾语补语
C. 作目的状语
D. 作结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【13】 单选

13
That's one reason why the idea of a national list hasn't gone anywhere, while drug costs keep rising fast.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. why 引导原因状语从句
B. why 引导同位语语从句
C. while 引导条件状语从句
D. while 为并列连词,连接一个并列分句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【14】 单选

14
A small step has been taken in the direction of a national agency with the creation of the Canadian Co-ordinating Office for Health Technology Assessment, funded by Ottawa and the provinces.
对划线部分 funded by Ottawa and the provinces 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 充当结果状语
B. 作后置定语,修饰 the Canadian Co-ordinating Office for Health Technology Assessment
C. 作后置定语,修饰 the creation
D. 作同位语,解释说明 the Canadian Co-ordinating Office for Health Technology Assessment
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【15】 单选

15
This means that our noses are limited to perceiving those smells which float through the air, missing the majority of smells which stick to surfaces.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. 第一个 which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 those smells
C. missing the majority of smells 作原因状语
D. 第二个 which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰第二个 smells
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【16】 单选

16
Humans are often thought to be insensitive smellers compared with animals, but this is largely because, unlike animals, we stand upright.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to be insensitive smellers 作主语 Humans 的补语
B. compared with animals 作后置定语,修饰 Humans
C. because 引导原因状语从句
D. unlike animals 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【17】 单选

17
However, it has been found that even people insensitive to a certain smell at first can suddenly become sensitive to it when exposed to it often enough.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. that 引导表语从句
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰 it
D. that 引导主语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【18】 单选

18
They can hope that, if one province includes a drug on its list, the pressure will cause others to include it on theirs.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干是 …the pressure will cause…
B. that 引导的是表语从句
C. if 引导的是让步状语从句
D. to include it on theirs 作宾语 others 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【19】 单选

19
So, if the provinces want to run the health-care show, they should prove they can run it, starting with an interprovincial health list that would end duplication, save administrative costs, prevent one province from being played off against another, and bargain for better drug prices.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 they can run it
B. if 引导条件状语从句
C. starting with an interprovincial health list 作结果状语
D. that 引导同位从句,解释说明 an interprovincial health list
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【20】 单选

20
This may be because some people do not have the genes necessary to generate particular smell receptors in the nose.
对划线部分 because 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. because 引导原因状语从句
B. because 引导表语从句
C. because 引导宾语从句
D. because 引导结果状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【21】 单选

21
Just as on smoking, voices now come from many quarters insisting that the science about global warming is incomplete, that it's OK to keep pouring fumes into the air until we know for sure.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. Just as on smoking 作比较状语
B. insisting... 作后置定语,修饰 many quarters
C. it 代指 science
D. until 引导让步状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【22】 单选

22
The latest was a panel from the National Academy of Sciences, enlisted by the White House, to tell us that the Earth's atmosphere is definitely warming and that the problem is largely man-made.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. from the National Academy of Sciences 作后置定语,修饰 a panel
B. enlisted by the White House 作后置定语,修饰 a panel
C. to tell us... 作结果状语
D. largely 作状语表示程度
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【23】 单选

23
But science does provide us with the best available guide to the future, and it is critical that our nation and the world base important policies on the best judgments that science can provide concerning the future consequences of present actions.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. it 代指 the best available guide
B. 第一个 that 引导结果状语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the best judgments
D. concerning... 作后置定语,修饰 the best judgments
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【24】 单选

24
There are upsetting parallels today, as scientists in one wave after another try to awaken us to the growing threat of global warming.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. as 引导原因状语从句
B. as 引导时间状语从句
C. as 引导比较状语从句
D. as 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰主句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【25】 单选

25
Do you remember all those years when scientists argued that smoking would kill us but the doubters insisted that we didn't know for sure? That the evidence was inconclusive, the science uncertain? That the antismoking lobby was out to destroy our way of life and the government should stay out of the way?
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. when 引导时间状语从句
B. argued that 中的 that 引导宾语从句
C. insisted that 中的 that 引导宾语从句
D. the science uncertain 为独立主格结构,作伴随状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【26】 单选

26
The brain is as active during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep — when most vivid dreams occur — as it is when fully awake, says Dr. Eric Nofzinger at the University of Pittsburgh.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 as 引导比较状语从句
B. 第二个 as 引导原因状语从句
C. 第一个 when 引导时间状语从句
D. 第二个 when 与 fully awake 构成时间状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【27】 单选

27
And one leading authority says that these intensely powerful mental events can be not only harnessed but actually brought under conscious control, to help us sleep and feel better.
对划线部分 to help us sleep and feel better 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 划线部分作后置定语,修饰 these intensely powerful mental events
B. 划线部分作后置定语,修饰 conscious control
C. 划线部分作目的状语
D. 划线部分作结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【28】 单选

28
Most people seem to have more bad dreams early in the night, progressing toward happier ones before awakening, suggesting that they are working through negative feelings generated during the day.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. progressing 的逻辑主语是 Most people
B. progressing 的逻辑主语是 more bad dreams
C. suggesting 的逻辑主语是 Most people
D. suggesting 的逻辑主语是 happier ones
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【29】 单选

29
Visualize how you would like it to end instead; the next time it occurs, try to wake up just enough to control its course.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. how 引导方式状语从句
B. 划线部分的 it 为形式宾语
C. it occurs 为省略引导词的限制性定语从句,修饰 the next time
D. to wake up 作 try 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【30】 单选

30
Because our conscious mind is occupied with daily life we don't always think about the emotional significance of the day's events — until, it appears, we begin to dream.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. Because 引导原因状语从句
B. we don't always think about 为省略引导词的限制性定语从句,修饰 daily life
C. of the day's events 作后置定语,修饰 the emotional significance
D. until 引导时间状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【31】 单选

31
If we are ever going to protect the atmosphere, it is crucial that those new plants be environmentally sound.
对划线部分 it 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. it 代指 If we are ever going to protect the atmosphere 这件事
B. it 代指 to protect the atmosphere
C. it 代指 those new plants
D. it 为形式主语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【32】 单选

32
But it's obvious that a majority of the president's advisers still don't take global warming seriously.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. that 引导主语从句
C. that 引导表语从句
D. that 引导结果状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【33】 单选

33
A century ago, Freud formulated his revolutionary theory that dreams were the disguised shadows of our unconscious desires and fears; by the late 1970s, neurologists had switched to thinking of them as just "mental noise" — the random byproducts of the neural-repair work that goes on during sleep.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 his revolutionary theory
B. 第一个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 his revolutionary theory
C. 第二个 that 引导结果状语从句
D. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the neural-repair work
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【34】 单选

34
Now researchers suspect that dreams are part of the mind's emotional thermostat, regulating moods while the brain is "off-line".
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 researchers
B. of the mind's emotional thermostat 作后置定语,修饰 part
C. regulating moods 作后置定语,修饰 part
D. while 引导让步状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【35】 单选

35
Mr. McWhorter's academic specialty is language history and change, and he sees the gradual disappearance of "whom", for example, to be natural and no more regrettable than the loss of the case-endings of Old English.
对划线部分 to be natural and no more regrettable 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 划线部分作目的状语
B. 划线部分作原因状语
C. 划线部分作主语补语
D. 划线部分作宾语补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【36】 单选

36
While even the modestly educated sought an elevated tone when they put pen to paper before the 1960s, even the most well regarded writing since then has sought to capture spoken English on the page.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. While 引导让步状语从句
B. While 引导时间状语从句
C. when 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 an elevated tone
D. when 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the modestly educated
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【37】 单选

37
As a linguist, he acknowledges that all varieties of human language, including non-standard ones like Black English, can be powerfully expressive — there exists no language or dialect in the world that cannot convey complex ideas.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句
B. 第一个 that 引导表语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 language or dialect
D. 第二个 that 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【38】 单选

38
Russians have a deep love for their own language and carry large chunks of memorized poetry in their heads, while Italian politicians tend to elaborate speech that would seem old-fashioned to most English-speakers.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 speech
B. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 to elaborate speech
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 elaborate speech
D. that 引导宾语从句,作 tend 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【39】 单选

39
In his latest book, Doing Our Own Thing: The Degradation of Language and Music and Why We Should, Like, Care, John McWhorter, a linguist and controversialist of mixed liberal and conservative views, sees the triumph of 1960s counter-culture as responsible for the decline of formal English.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. of mixed liberal and conservative views 作后置定语,修饰 a linguist and controversialist
B. of mixed liberal and conservative views 作后置定语,修饰 controversialist
C. as responsible 作原因状语
D. as responsible 作让步状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【40】 单选

40
Mr. McWhorter acknowledges that formal language is not strictly necessary, and proposes no radical education reforms — he is really grieving over the loss of something beautiful more than useful.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. strictly 作程度状语,修饰 necessary
C. acknowledges 与 proposes 并列
D. than 引导定语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【41】 单选

41
Illustrated with an entertaining array of examples from both high and low culture, the trend that Mr. McWhorter documents is unmistakable.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主系表结构
B. with an entertaining array of examples 作方式状语,修饰 Illustrated
C. from both high and low culture 作后置定语,修饰 an entertaining array of examples
D. that Mr. McWhorter documents is unmistakable 为同位语从句,解释说明 the trend
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【42】 单选

42
Above all, like their female human counterparts, they tend to pay much closer attention to the value of "goods and services" than males.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. Above all 作状语,修饰整个句子
B. like... 作比较状语
C. of "goods and services" 作地点状语
D. than males 作比较状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【43】 单选

43
So when one monkey was handed a grape in exchange for her token, the second was reluctant to hand hers over for a mere piece of cucumber.
对划线部分 So 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. So 引导目的状语从句
B. So 引导原因状语从句
C. So 引导结果状语从句
D. So 为衔接词,衔接这句话与上一句话
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【44】 单选

44
And if one received a grape without having to provide her token in exchange at all, the other either tossed her own token at the researcher or out of the chamber, or refused to accept the slice of cucumber.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. if 引导条件状语从句
B. if 引导原因状语从句
C. to accept the slice of cucumber 作目的状语
D. to accept the slice of cucumber 作原因状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【45】 单选

45
However, whether such a sense of fairness evolved independently in capuchins and humans, or whether it stems from the common ancestor that the species had 35 million years ago, is, as yet, an unanswered question.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主谓宾结构
B. 两个 whether 所引导的从句是并列的
C. that 引导宾语从句,作介词 from 的宾语
D. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the common ancestor
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【46】 单选

46
But a study by Sarah Brosnan and Frans de Waal of Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, which has just been published in Nature, suggests that it is all too monkey, as well.
对划线部分 which 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 a study
B. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 Sarah Brosnan and Frans de Waal
C. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 Emory University
D. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 monkeys
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【47】 单选

47
However, when two monkeys were placed in separate but adjoining chambers, so that each could observe what the other was getting in return for its rock, their behavior became markedly different.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. However 为副词作衔接词
B. when 引导时间状语从句
C. so that 引导结果状语从句
D. what 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【48】 单选

48
Such behavior is regarded as "all too human", with the underlying assumption that other animals would not be capable of this finely developed sense of grievance.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. as "all too human" 作主语 Such behavior 的补语
B. as "all too human" 作方式状语
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the underlying assumption
D. that 引导宾语从句,作介词 with 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【49】 单选

49
Two anthropologist-linguists, Franz Boas and Edward Sapir, were pioneers in describing many native languages of North and South America during the first half of the twentieth century.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Two anthropologist-linguists…were pioneers
B. Franz Boas and Edward Sapir 作同位语,解释说明 Two anthropologist-linguists
C. in describing many native languages 作方式状语
D. of North and South America 作后置定语,修饰 native languages
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【50】 单选

50
We are obliged to them because some of these languages have since vanished, as the peoples who spoke them died out or became assimilated and lost their native languages.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 We are obliged to them
B. since 引导时间状语从句
C. as 引导时间状语从句
D. who 引导主语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【51】 单选

51
Other linguists in the earlier part of this century, however, who were less eager to deal with bizarre data from "exotic" language, were not always so grateful.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Other linguists…deal with bizarre data
B. in the earlier part of this century 作时间状语
C. who 引导定语从句,修饰 Other linguists
D. from "exotic" language 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【52】 单选

52
The Greeks assumed that the structure of language had some connection with the process of thought, which took root in Europe long before people realized how diverse languages could be.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the structure of language had some connection…
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰 the process of thought
D. how 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【53】 单选

53
Only recently did linguists begin the serious study of languages that were very different from their own.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 did linguists begin the serious study
B. Only recently 作时间状语
C. of languages 作后置定语,修饰 the serious study
D. that 引导定语从句,修饰 the serious study
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【54】 单选

54
Being interested in the relationship of language and thought, Whorf developed the idea that the structure of language determines the structure of habitual thought in a society.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Whorf developed the idea
B. Being interested in the relationship… 作原因状语
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰 the idea
D. in a society 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【55】 单选

55
Native American languages are indeed different, so much so in fact that Navajo could be used by the US military as a code during World War II to send secret messages.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Native American languages are indeed different
B. that 引导 fact 的同位语从句
C. by the US military 作后置定语,修饰 Navajo
D. to send secret messages 作后置定语,修饰 World War II
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【56】 单选

56
The newly described languages were often so strikingly different from the well-studied languages of Europe and Southeast Asia that some scholars even accused Boas and Sapir of fabricating their data.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The newly described languages were…different from the well-studied languages
B. of Europe and Southeast Asia 作后置定语,修饰 the well-studied languages
C. that 引导结果状语从句
D. of fabricating their data 作后置定语,修饰 Boas and Sapir
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【57】 单选

57
He reasoned that because it is easier to formulate certain concepts and not others in a given language, the speakers of that language think along one track and not along another.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the speakers of that language think
B. that 引导同位语从句
C. it 指代 a given language
D. along one track and not along another 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【58】 单选

58
Whorf came to believe in a sort of linguistic determinism which, in its strongest form, states that language imprisons the mind, and that the grammatical patterns in a language can produce far-reaching consequences for the culture of a society.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为 and 连接的并列复合句
B. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导主语从句
D. in a language 为状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【59】 单选

59
Most theories of juvenile delinquency have focused on children from disadvantaged families, ignoring the fact that children from wealthy homes also commit crimes.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Most theories have focused on children
B. of juvenile delinquency 作后置定语,修饰主句主语 Most theories
C. from disadvantaged families 作后置定语,修饰主句宾语 children
D. that 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【60】 单选

60
For example, changes in the economy that lead to fewer job opportunities for youth and rising unemployment in general make gainful employment increasingly difficult to obtain.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导定语从句,修饰 the economy
B. and 连接两个并列分句
C. in general 作状语,修饰主句
D. increasingly difficult to obtain 作主句宾语 gainful employment 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【61】 单选

61
More families consist of one-parent households or two working parents; consequently, children are likely to have less supervision at home than was common in the traditional family structure.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句
B. at home 作后置定语,修饰 supervision
C. than 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 supervision
D. in the traditional family structure 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【62】 单选

62
Theories centering on the individual suggest that children engage in criminal behavior because they were not sufficiently penalized for previous misdeeds or that they have learned criminal behavior through interaction with others.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Theories…suggest that…
B. centering on the individual 作后置定语,修饰 Theories
C. 划线的 that 引导宾语从句
D. because 引导原因状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【63】 单选

63
Theories focusing on the role of society suggest that children commit crimes in response to their failure to rise above their socioeconomic status, or as a rejection of middle-class values.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. focusing on the role of society 作后置定语,修饰 Theories
B. that 引导定语从句,修饰 the role of society
C. to rise above their socioeconomic status 作原因状语
D. or 连接两个并列分句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【64】 单选

64
All these conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing a criminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet been established.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the probability…has not yet been established
B. of a child committing a criminal act 作后置定语,修饰 conditions
C. committing a criminal act 作后置定语,修饰 the probability
D. although 引导让步状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【65】 单选

65
Many theories concerning the causes of juvenile delinquency (crimes committed by young people) focus either on the individual or on society as the major contributing influence.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 Many theories…focus either on the individual or on society as the major contributing influence
B. concerning the causes 作后置定语,修饰 theories
C. of juvenile delinquency 作后置定语,修饰 the causes
D. as the major contributing influence 作原因状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【66】 单选

66
Many consumers seem to have been influenced by stock-market swings, which investors now view as a necessary ingredient to a sustained boom.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Many consumers seem to have been influenced
B. which 引导定语从句,修饰 consumers
C. as a necessary ingredient 作宾语 which 的补语
D. to a sustained boom 作后置定语,修饰 a necessary ingredient
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【67】 单选

67
Without the ability to think critically, to defend their ideas and understand the ideas of others, they cannot fully participate in our democracy.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 they cannot...participate in our democracy
B. Without the ability… 作原因状语
C. to think critically 作后置定语,修饰 the ability
D. and 连接并列的分句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【68】 单选

68
Ravitch's latest book, Left Back: A Century of Failed School Reforms, traces the roots of anti-intellectualism in our schools, concluding they are anything but a counterbalance to the American distaste for intellectual pursuits.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 they are anything but a counterbalance
B. in our schools 作地点状语
C. to the American distaste 作状语
D. for intellectual pursuits 作后置定语,修饰 distaste
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【69】 单选

69
Even our schools are where we send our children to get a practical education — not to pursue knowledge for the sake of knowledge.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 we send our children
B. where 引导定语从句,修饰 schools
C. to get a practical education 为目的状语
D. for the sake of knowledge 为目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【70】 单选

70
Ralph Waldo Emerson and other Transcendentalist philosophers thought schooling and rigorous book learning put unnatural restraints on children: "We are shut up in schools and college recitation rooms for 10 or 15 years and come out at last with a bellyful of words and do not know a thing."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 schooling and rigorous book learning put unnatural restraints
B. on children 为后置定语,修饰 restraints
C. for 10 or 15 years 作后置定语,修饰 rooms
D. with a bellyful of words 作伴随状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【71】 单选

71
From the beginning of our history, says Hofstadter, our democratic and populist urges have driven us to reject anything that smells of elitism.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 our democratic and populist urges have driven us to reject anything…
B. says Hofstadter 为插入语
C. to reject anything… 作结果状语
D. that 引导定语从句,修饰 anything
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【72】 单选

72
"Intellect is resented as a form of power or privilege," writes historian and professor Richard Hofstadter in Anti-Intellectualism in American Life, a Pulitzer-Prize winning book on the roots of anti-intellectualism in US politics, religion, and education.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. as a form of power or privilege 为方式状语
B. in Anti-Intellectualism in American Life 为后置定语,修饰 Richard Hofstadter
C. on the roots of anti-intellectualism 为后置定语,修饰 book
D. in US politics, religion, and education 为地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【73】 单选

73
Hofstadter says our country's educational system is in the grips of people who "joyfully and militantly proclaim their hostility to intellect and their eagerness to identify with children who show the least intellectual promise."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 our country's educational system is in the grips…
B. 第一个 who 引导定语从句,修饰 Hofstadter
C. to identify with children 作目的状语
D. 第二个 who 引导定语从句,修饰 children
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【74】 单选

74
Intellect, according to Hofstadter, is different from native intelligence, a quality we reluctantly admire.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Intellect…is different from native intelligence
B. according to Hofstadter 作后置定语,修饰 Intellect
C. a quality… 作 Intellect 的同位语
D. we reluctantly admire 为同位语从句,解释说明 a quality
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【75】 单选

75
This, for those as yet unaware of such a disadvantage, refers to discrimination against those whose surnames begin with a letter in the lower half of the alphabet.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 This...refers to discrimination
B. for those as yet unaware of such a disadvantage 为插入语
C. whose surnames begin with a letter 为定语从句,修饰 discrimination
D. in the lower half of the alphabet 作后置定语,修饰 a letter
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【76】 单选

76
It has long been known that a taxi firm called AAAA cars has a big advantage over Zodiac cars when customers thumb through their phone directories.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 It has long been known that…
B. that 引导定语从句
C. over Zodiac cars 作比较状语
D. when customers thumb through their phone directories 作时间状语修饰 that 引导的主语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【77】 单选

77
Less well known is the advantage that Adam Abbott has in life over Zoë Zysman.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Less well known is…Adam Abbott
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the advantage
C. in life 作状语,修饰 has
D. over Zoë Zysman 作后置定语,修饰 life
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【78】 单选

78
Thus the American president and vice-president have surnames starting with B and C respectively; and 26 of George Bush's predecessors (including his father) had surnames in the first half of the alphabet against just 16 in the second half.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. and 连接两个并列的分句
B. starting with B and C respectively 作后置定语,修饰 surnames
C. in the first half of the alphabet 作后置,定语修饰 surnames
D. against just 16 in the second half 作后置定语,修饰 alphabet
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【79】 单选

79
One theory, dreamt up in all the spare time enjoyed by the alphabetically disadvantaged, is that the rot sets in early.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 One theory...is that…
B. dreamt up in all the spare time enjoyed by the alphabetically disadvantaged 为插入语,作定语修饰 one theory
C. that the rot sets in early 为 that 引导的从句,作主句的表语
D. enjoyed by the alphabetically disadvantaged 作后置定语,修饰 one theory
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【80】 单选

80
So short-sighted Zysman junior gets stuck in the back row, and is rarely asked the improving questions posed by those insensitive teachers.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句为 and 连接的并列复合句,两个并列分句为因果关系
B. in the back row 作地点状语
C. the improving questions 为 asked 的间接宾语
D. posed by those insensitive teachers 作后置定语,修饰 the improving questions
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【81】 单选

81
Yet the result may be worse qualifications, because they get less individual attention, as well as less confidence in speaking publicly.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the result may be worse qualifications
B. because 引导原因状语从句,修饰主句
C. as well as 连接两个并列的宾语 less individual attention 和 less confidence
D. worse qualifications 作主句的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【82】 单选

82
Shortlists for job interviews, election ballot papers, lists of conference speakers and attendees: all tend to be drawn up alphabetically, and their recipients lose interest as they plough through them.
对划线部分 all 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 指代 Shortlists for job interviews
B. 指代 election ballot papers
C. 指代 lists of conference speakers and attendees
D. 指代 Shortlists for job interviews, election ballot papers, lists of conference speakers and attendees
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【83】 单选

83
Even before Alan Greenspan's admission that America's red-hot economy is cooling, lots of working folks had already seen signs of the slowdown themselves.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 lots of working folks had...seen signs…
B. before Alan Greenspan's admission 作时间状语
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰 admission
D. of the slowdown 作后置定语,修饰 signs
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【84】 单选

84
I provide a service that people can do without when they're concerned about saving some dollars.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 I provide a service
B. that 引导 a service 的同位语从句
C. when 引导时间状语从句
D. saving some dollars 为从句中的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【85】 单选

85
For retailers, who last year took in 24 percent of their revenue between Thanksgiving and Christmas, the cautious approach is coming at a crucial time.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the cautious approach is coming
B. who 引导定语从句,修饰 retailers
C. between Thanksgiving and Christmas 作后置定语,修饰 revenue
D. at a crucial time 作时间状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【86】 单选

86
Consumers say they're not in despair because, despite the dreadful headlines, their own fortunes still feel pretty good.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 they're not in despair
B. they're not in despair… 为宾语从句
C. because 引导原因状语从句
D. despite the dreadful headlines 作让步状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【87】 单选

87
Consumers seem only mildly concerned, not panicked, and many say they remain optimistic about the economy's long-term prospects, even as they do some modest belt-tightening.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为 even 连接的并列复合句
B. and 连接句子的三个并列的表语 mildly concerned、not panicked 和 many
C. they remain optimistic about the economy's long-term prospects 为宾语从句
D. as 引导原因状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【88】 单选

88
In Manhattan, "there's a new gold rush happening in the $4 million to $10 million range, predominantly fed by Wall Street bonuses," says broker Barbara Corcoran.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. In Manhattan 作地点状语,修饰 says
B. happening in the…range 为宾语补语
C. in the $4 million to $10 million range 为后置定语,修饰 a gold rush
D. predominantly fed by Wall Street bonuses 为后置定语,修饰 a new gold rush
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【89】 单选

89
When CareerSite's agent sends out messages to those who have signed up for its service, for example, it includes only three potential jobs — those it considers the best matches.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 it considers
B. who 引导定语从句修饰 messages
C. 划线的 those 为 three potential jobs 的同位语
D. the best matches 作 consider 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【90】 单选

90
"On the day after we send our messages, we see a sharp increase in our traffic," says Seth Peets, vice president of marketing for CareerSite.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 we see a sharp increase
B. On the day 为时间状语
C. after we send our messages 为时间状语从句
D. vice president of marketing for CareerSite 为 Seth Peets 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【91】 单选

91
Some use them to keep a close watch on the demand for their line of work or gather information on compensation to arm themselves when negotiating for a raise.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Some use them
B. to keep a close watch on the demand for their line of work 作目的状语
C. or 连接两个并列的动词不定式结构作目的状语
D. when negotiating for a raise 作时间状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【92】 单选

92
It's an interactive feature that lets visitors key in job criteria such as location, title, and salary, then e-mails them when a matching position is posted in the database.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 It's an interactive feature that… 为强调句
B. that 引导的定语从句修饰宾语 an interactive feature
C. such as location, title, and salary 是对 an interactive feature 的举例
D. when a matching position is posted in the database 为主句的时间状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【93】 单选

93
Hunting for a job late last year, lawyer Gant Redmon stumbled across CareerBuilder, a job database on the Internet.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 lawyer Gant Redmon stumbled across CareerBuilder
B. Hunting for a job late last year 作时间状语
C. a job database on the Internet 作 CareerBuilder 的同位语
D. on the Internet 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【94】 单选

94
"I would not rely on agents for finding everything that is added to a database that might interest me," says the author of a job-searching guide.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. of a job-searching guide 为后置定语,修饰 the author
B. for finding everything 作后置定语,修饰 agents
C. 第一个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 everything
D. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 everything
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【95】 单选

95
Instead, the best strategy is to use the agent as a kind of tip service to keep abreast of jobs in a particular database; when you get e-mail, consider it a reminder to check the database again.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. as a kind of tip service 作宾语 the agent 的补语
B. when 引导时间状语从句,修饰全句
C. to keep abreast of jobs in a particular database 作目的状语
D. a reminder 作宾语 it 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【96】 单选

96
For any job search, you should start with a narrow concept — what you think you want to do — then broaden it.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 you should start with a narrow concept
B. For any job search 作状语
C. what 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a narrow concept
D. it 指代 a narrow concept
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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