长难句(七)


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【1】 单选

1
While comment and reaction from lawyers may enhance stories, it is preferable for journalists to rely on their own notions of significance and make their own judgments.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. While 引导时间状语从句,该句主语为 comment and reaction
B. from lawyers 作 reaction 的后置定语
C. it 为形式主语,真正的主语为 to rely on...and make...judgments
D. 主句主干为 it is preferable to rely on their own notions
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【2】 单选

2
On the other, it links these concepts to everyday realities in a manner which is parallel to the links journalists forge on a daily basis as they cover and comment on the news.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 it links these concepts to comment on the news
B. journalists forge on a daily basis 为限制性定语从句,先行词为 links
C. as they cover and comment on the news 充当原因状语从句
D. in a manner 作后置定语,修饰 everyday realities
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【3】 单选

3
While the quality of legal journalism varies greatly, there is an undue reliance amongst many journalists on interpretations supplied to them by lawyers.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. While the quality of legal journalism varies greatly 作时间状语从句
B. 主句主干为 there is an undue reliance
C. supplied to them 中,them 指代 interpretations
D. amongst many journalists 作 an undue reliance 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【4】 单选

4
In fact, it is difficult to see how journalists who do not have a clear grasp of the basic features of the Canadian Constitution can do a competent job on political stories.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 it is difficult to see how…
B. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 journalists
C. how 引导宾语从句,作 see 的宾语
D. on political stories 作 the Canadian Constitution 的后置定语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【5】 单选

5
But the idea that the journalist must understand the law more profoundly than an ordinary citizen rests on an understanding of the established conventions and special responsibilities of the news media.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the idea
B. 主句主干为 the idea rests on special responsibilities
C. more profoundly than an ordinary citizen 在 that 引导的从句中充当比较状语
D. of the news media 为后置定语,修饰 special responsibilities
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【6】 单选

6
Generally there was a belief that the new nations should be sovereign and independent states, large enough to be economically viable and integrated by a common set of laws.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 there was a belief
B. that 引导限制性定语从句,先行词为 a belief
C. large enough… 与 sovereign and independent states 并列,作 should be 的表语
D. by a common set of laws 为后置定语修饰 sovereign and independent states。
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【7】 单选

7
Bolivar had received aid from Haiti and had promised in return to abolish slavery in the areas he liberated.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Bolivar had received aid from Haiti
B. he liberated 为省略了引导词 that 的限制性定语从句,修饰 slavery
C. in the areas 为后置定语修饰 slavery
D. had received aid 和 had promised to abolish slavery 为 and 连接的两个并列动宾结构
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【8】 单选

8
While most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism as the official religion of the new states, some sought to end the exclusive of other faiths. 对 划线部分 While most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism as the official religion of the new states 的理解,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 该句主语为 most leaders
B. 该句为 While 引导的时间状语从句
C. 该句宾语为 to maintain Catholicism
D. as the official religion of the new states 为宾语 to maintain Catholicism 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【9】 单选

9
Born in the crisis of the old regime and Iberian Colonialism, many of the leaders of independence shared the ideals of representative government, careers open to talent, freedom of commerce and trade, the right to private property, and a belief in the individual as the basis of society.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句主干为 independence shared the ideals
B. Born in the crisis of the old regime and Iberian Colonialism 为过去分词作定语,修饰 independence
C. representative government, careers open to talent, freedom of commerce and trade, the right to private property 并列,作介词 of 的宾语,构成介词结构作后置定语,修饰 the ideals
D. shared 后面连接一个宾语 the ideals
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【10】 单选

10
For example, notions of evidence and fact, of basic rights and public interest are at work in the process of journalistic judgment and production just as in courts of law.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. For example 为衔接词
B. of evidence and fact 与 of basic rights and public interest 并列,一起作 notions 的后置定语
C. in the process of journalistic judgment and production 作状语修饰 at work
D. 本句主干为 notions are just as in courts of law
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【11】 单选

11
Furthermore, the legal system and the events which occur within it are primary subjects for journalists. 划线部分中的 it,指代的是( )。
A. the events
B. the legal system
C. the legal system and the events
D. primary subjects
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【12】 单选

12
Early promises to end Indian tribute and taxes on people of mixed origin came much slower because the new nations still needed the revenue such policies produced.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Early promises...came...slower
B. because 引导原因状语从句,修饰主句
C. to end Indian tribute and taxes on people of mixed origin 作后置定语,修饰 Early promises
D. such policies produced 为限制性定语从句,修饰 the new nations
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【13】 单选

13
Traditionally, legal learning has been viewed in such institutions as the special preserve of lawyers, rather than a necessary part of the intellectual equipment of an educated person.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句主干为 legal learning has been viewed
B. as the special preserve of lawyers 为主语补足语
C. a necessary part… 为 as 的宾语
D. of an educated person 作 a necessary part 的后置定语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【14】 单选

14
Egalitarian sentiments were often tempered by fears that the mass of the population was unprepared for self-rule and democracy.
对划线部分 that the mass of the population was unprepared for self-rule and democracy 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 该句为 that 引导的限制性定语从句,修饰 fears
B. 该句为 that 引导的同位语从句,解释说明 fears
C. 该句为 that 引导的同位语从句,解释说明 Egalitarian sentiments
D. 该句为 that 引导的宾语从句,作 tempered 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【15】 单选

15
When asked what they want to do, they should be discouraged from saying "I have no idea".
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. what 引导宾语从句作 asked 的宾语
B. when 引导时间状语从句
C. 主句主干为 they should be discouraged
D. "I have no idea" 作 saying 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【16】 单选

16
Also, identify the kinds of interests they keep coming back to, as these offer clues to the careers that will fit them best. 划线部分的 these,指代的是( )。
A. they
B. the kinds of interests
C. clues
D. the careers
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【17】 单选

17
Most of all, these new adults must feel that they are respected and supported by a family that appreciates them.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 these new adults
B. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句,作 feel 的宾语
C. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 they
D. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a family
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【18】 单选

18
They should exhibit strong interest and respect for whatever currently interests their fledging adult (as naive or ill conceived as it may seem) while becoming a partner in exploring options for the future.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 They should exhibit strong interest and respect
B. whatever currently interests their fledging adult 作 for 的宾语
C. as naive or ill conceived as it may seem 为插入语
D. while 引导让步状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【19】 单选

19
Even if a job's starting salary seems too small to satisfy an emerging adult's need for rapid content, the transition from school to work can be less of a setback if the start-up adult is ready for the move.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the transition can be less of a setback
B. Even if 引导条件状语从句
C. if 引导条件状语从句
D. for rapid content 作后置定语修饰 an emerging adult's need
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【20】 单选

20
All these activities can prevent the growth of important communication and thinking skills and make it difficult for kids to develop the kind of sustained concentration they will need for most jobs.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 All these activities can prevent the growth of important communication
B. important communication 与 thinking skills 并列,作 of 的宾语
C. to develop the kind of sustained concentration 作 thinking skills 的后置定语
D. they will need for most jobs 充当同位语,解释说明 sustained concentration
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【21】 单选

21
Ericsson grew up in Sweden, and studied nuclear engineering until he realized he would have more opportunity to conduct his own research if he switched to psychology.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. he would have more opportunity to… 为宾语从句
B. 主句主干为 Ericsson grew up in Sweden
C. until 引导时间状语从句
D. if 引导条件状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【22】 单选

22
His first experiment, nearly 30 years ago, involved memory: training a person to hear and then repeat a random series of numbers.
对划线部分 training a person to hear and then repeat a random series of numbers 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 为同位语结构,解释说明 memory
B. 为同位语结构,解释说明 His first experiment
C. 作 memory 的后置定语
D. 作 His first experiment 的后置定语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【23】 单选

23
Or, put another way, expert performers — whether in memory or surgery, ballet or computer programming — are nearly always made, not born. 本句句子主干为( )。
A. expert performers are made
B. expert performers are not born
C. expert performers are made, not born
D. expert performers are in memory or surgery, ballet or computer programming
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【24】 单选

24
In other words, whatever inborn differences two people may exhibit in their abilities to memorize, those differences are swamped by how well each person "encodes" the information.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 those differences are swamped
B. whatever 引导让步状语从句,该从句主语为 two people
C. in their abilities to memorize 充当 two people 的后置定语
D. how well each person "encodes" the information 作介词 by 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【25】 单选

25
This success, coupled with later research showing that memory itself is not genetically determined, led Ericsson to conclude that the act of memorizing is more of a cognitive exercise than an intuitive one.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 This success led Ericsson to conclude that…
B. 第一个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 later research
C. 第二个 that 引导宾语从句,该句主干为 the act is an intuitive one
D. coupled with later research… 为同位语结构,解释说明 This success
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【26】 单选

26
If you were to examine the birth certificates of every soccer player in 2006's World Cup tournament, you would most likely find a noteworthy quirk: elite soccer players are more likely to have been born in the earlier months of the year than in the later months.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. of every soccer player in 2006's World Cup tournament 作后置定语,修饰 the birth certificates
B. elite soccer players are more likely to have been born… 为定语从句,修饰 a noteworthy quirk
C. 主句主干为 you would find a noteworthy quirk
D. If 引导虚拟条件状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【27】 单选

27
If you then examined the European national youth teams that feed the World Cup and professional ranks, you would find this strange phenomenon to be even more pronounced.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the European national youth teams
B. 主句主干为 you would find this strange phenomenon
C. to be even more pronounced 为主句宾语 this strange phenomenon 的宾语补语
D. If 引导条件状语从句,宾语为 that 引导的宾语从句。
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【28】 单选

28
Anyone who has toiled through SAT will testify that test-taking skill also matters, whether it’s knowing when to guess or what questions to skip.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Anyone will testify that…,that 引导宾语从句充当宾语
B. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 Anyone
C. whether 引导同位语从句,解释说明 Anyone
D. when to guess or what questions to skip 在 whether 引导的从句中作 knowing 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【29】 单选

29
Research has found that IQ predicted leadership skills when the tests were given under low-stress conditions, but under high-stress conditions, IQ was negatively correlated with leadership — that is, it predicted the opposite.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Research has found that…
B. that 引导的宾语从句包括两个并列分句,第一个并列分句主干为 IQ predicted leadership skills
C. when 引导时间状语从句,修饰 IQ predicted leadership skills
D. it predicted the opposite 解释说明 IQ predicted leadership skills
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【30】 单选

30
In his article "How Intelligent Is Intelligence Testing?", Sternberg notes that traditional test best assess analytical and verbal skills but fail to measure creativity and practical knowledge, components also critical to problem solving and life success.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Sternberg notes components also critical to problem solving and life success
B. that 引导的宾语从句
C. creativity and practical knowledge 作 measure 的宾语
D. components also critical to problem solving and life success 作 his article 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【31】 单选

31
Superhigh scores like vos Savant's are no longer possible, because scoring is now based on a statistical population distribution among age peers, rather than simply dividing the mental age by the chronological age and multiplying by 100.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Superhigh scores are no longer possible
B. because 引导原因状语从句
C. based on a statistical population distribution among age peers 作 scoring 的后置定语
D. rather than 连接现在分词短语 dividing…,与 过去分词短语 based on… 并列,作 is 的表语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【32】 单选

32
It's not obvious how the capacity to visualize objects and to figure out numerical patterns suits one to answer questions that have eluded some of the best poets and philosophers.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. how 引导方式状语
B. one 指代 the capacity
C. to answer questions that… 作 one 的后置定语
D. to visualize objects and to figure out numerical patterns 作后置定语,修饰 the capacity
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【33】 单选

33
IQ tests ask you to complete verbal and visual analogies, to envision paper after it has been folded and cut, and to deduce numerical sequences, among other similar tasks. 本句为主从复合句,主句主干为( )。
A. IQ tests ask you
B. IQ tests ask you to complete verbal and visual analogies
C. IQ tests ask you to complete…to envision…and to deduce…
D. it has been folded and cut
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【34】 单选

34
So it is a bit confusing when vos Savant fields such queries from the average Joe (whose IQ is 100) as, what's the difference between love and fondness? Or what is the nature of luck and coincidence?
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 it is a bit confusing
B. from the average Joe 作 such queries 的同位语语
C. what's the difference between love and fondness 作 as 的宾语
D. Or 连接 what 开头的特殊疑问句与 what's the difference between love and fondness 并列
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【35】 单选

35
The ability to guard customer data is the key to market value, which the board is responsible for on behalf of shareholders.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to guard customer data 作定语修饰 the key
B. 主句主干为 The ability is the key to market value
C. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 The ability
D. on behalf of shareholders 作 the board 的后置定语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【36】 单选

36
Meanwhile, the theft of information about some 40 million credit-card accounts in America, disclosed on June 17th, overshadowed a hugely important decision a day earlier by America's Federal Trade Commission (FTC) that puts corporate America on notice that regulators will act if firms fail to provide adequate data security.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the theft overshadowed a hugely important decision
B. disclosed on June 17th 作后置定语,修饰 the theft
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a hugely important decision
D. that regulators will act 作同位语,解释说明 notice
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【37】 单选

37
Just as bosses and boards have finally sorted out their worst accounting and compliance troubles, and improved their feeble corporation governance, a new problem threatens to earn them — especially in America — the sort of nasty headlines that inevitably lead to heads rolling in the executive suite: data insecurity.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 a new problem threatens to earn them
B. as 引导的从句主干为 bosses and boards have…sorted out…and compliance troubles
C. data insecurity 充当同位语,解释说明 a new problem
D. that 引导限制性定语从句,先行词为 a new problem
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【38】 单选

38
Left, until now, to odd, low-level IT staff to put right, and seen as a concern only of data-rich industries such as banking, telecoms and air travel, information protection is now high on the boss's agenda in businesses of every variety.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. and 连接并列过去分词 Left 与 seen 作状语
B. 句子主干为 information protection is now high
C. of data-rich industries such as banking 作后置定语修饰 low-level IT
D. in businesses of every variety 作后置定语修饰 the boss’s agenda
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【39】 单选

39
Several massive leakages of customer and employee data this year — from organizations as diverse as Time Warner, the American defense contractor Science Applications International Corp and even the University of California, Berkeley — have left managers hurriedly peering into their intricate IT systems and business processes in search of potential vulnerabilities.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. from organizations as diverse as… 作伴随状语
B. 句子主干为 …leakages…have left managers peering into…
C. in search of potential vulnerabilities 作目的状语
D. of customer and employee data 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【40】 单选

40
Surely it should be obvious to the dimmest executive that trust, that most valuable of economic assets, is easily destroyed and hugely expensive to restore — and that few things are more likely to destroy trust than a company letting sensitive personal data get into the wrong hands.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 it should be obvious to the dimmest executive
B. that most valuable of economic assets 充当同位语,解释说明 trust
C. letting sensitive personal data get into the wrong hands 作后置定语,修饰 a company
D. it 为形式主语,真正的主语为主语从句 that trust is easily destroyed and hugely expensive to restore
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【41】 单选

41
For much of the past year, President Bush campaigned to move Social Security to a saving-account model, with retirees trading much or all of their guaranteed payments for payments depending on investment returns.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to move Social Security to a saving-account model 在句中作目的状语
B. 句子主干为 President Bush campaigned
C. with + 名词 + 现在分词形式的独立主格结构作伴随状语,对句子主干进行补充说明
D. depending on investment returns 与 trading 并列
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【42】 单选

42
Both the absolute cost of healthcare and the share of it borne by families have risen — and newly fashionable health-savings plans are spreading from legislative halls to Wal-Mart workers, with much higher deductibles and a large new dose of investment risk for families' future healthcare.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. from legislative halls to Wal-Mart workers 作 newly fashionable health-savings plans 的后置定语
B. 本句为并列复合句,第一个并列分句主语为 Both the absolute cost and the share
C. with much... 作结果状语
D. 本句为并列复合句,第二个并列分句主干为 plans are spreading
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【43】 单选

43
Even demographics are working against the middle class family, as the odds of having a weak elderly parent — and all the attendant need for physical and financial assistance — have jumped eightfold in just one generation.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Even demographics are working against the middle class family
B. as 引导原因状语从句,从句主干为 the odds...have jumped...
C. and all the attendant need for physical and financial assistance 为插入语,补充 as 引导的从句主语的内容
D. in just one generation 充当方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【44】 单选

44
From the middle-class family perspective, much of this, understandably, looks far less like an opportunity to exercise more financial responsibility, and a good deal more like a frightening acceleration of the wholesale shift of financial risk onto their already overburdened shoulders.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 much of this looks far less like an opportunity
B. a good deal more like… 与 far less like… 并列,作 looks 的表语
C. of the wholesale shift... 作后置定语,修饰 a good deal
D. to exercise more financial responsibility 充当同位语,解释说明 an opportunity
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【45】 单选

45
During the past generation, the American middle-class family that once could count on hard work and fair play to keep itself financially secure had been transformed by economic risk and new realities.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the American middle-class family
B. 主句主干为 the American middle-class family had been transformed
C. that 指代 the American middle-class family,在从句中作主语
D. and 连接两个并列名词 hard work 和 fair play,作 could count on 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【46】 单选

46
As a result, they have lost the parachute they once had in times of financial setback — a back-up earner (usually Mom) who could go into the workforce if the primary earner got laid off or fell sick.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. they once had in times of financial setback 为 the parachute 的同位语
B. a back-up earner 为 financial setback 的同位语
C. 主句主干为 they have lost the parachute
D. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 they
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【47】 单选

47
Steelworkers, airline employees, and now those in the auto industry are joining millions of families who must worry about interest rates, stock market fluctuation, and the harsh reality that they may outlive their retirement money.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Steelworkers, airline employees are joining millions of families
B. who 引导定语从句修饰 those
C. interest rates, stock market fluctuation, the harsh reality 并列,作 worry about 的宾语
D. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the harsh reality
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【48】 单选

48
Boston Globe reporter Chris Reidy notes that the situation will improve only when there are comprehensive programs that address the many needs of the homeless.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句,第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 comprehensive programs
B. 第一个 that 引导表语从句,第二个 that 引导宾语从句
C. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句,第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 comprehensive programs
D. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 Chris Reidy,第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 comprehensive programs
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【49】 单选

49
Many others, while not addicted or mentally ill, simply lack the everyday survival skills needed to turn their lives around.
对划线部分 while not addicted or mentally ill 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 为 while 引导的让步状语从句
B. 为插入语,表让步关系
C. 为定语从句,修饰 Many others
D. 为 Many others 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【50】 单选

50
Even when homeless individuals manage to find a shelter that will give them three meals a day and a place to sleep at night, a good number still spend the bulk of each day wandering the street.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 a good number…spend the bulk of each day…
B. Even 引导让步状语从句
C. that 引导同位语从句,补充说明 a shelter
D. wandering the street 为宾语补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【51】 单选

51
One of the federal government's studies predicts that the number of the homeless will reach nearly 19 million by the end of this decade.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导定语从句,修饰 studies
B. that 引导状语从句
C. that 引导宾语从句
D. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 studies
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【52】 单选

52
Although the figure may vary, analysts do agree on another matter: that the number of the homeless is increasing.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导定语从句,修饰 another matter
B. that 引导状语从句
C. that 引导宾语从句
D. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 another matter
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【53】 单选

53
But his primary task is not to think about the moral code which governs his activity, any more than a businessman is expected to dedicate his energies to an exploration of rules of conduct in business.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 …a businessman is expected to…
B. which 引导定语从句,修饰 his primary task
C. any more than 引导比较状语从句
D. to dedicate his energies 作 expected 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【54】 单选

54
The definition also excludes the majority of teachers, despite the fact that teaching has traditionally been the method whereby many intellectuals earn their living.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The definition...excludes the majority of teachers…
B. that 引导定语从句,修饰 the fact
C. whereby 引导方式状语从句
D. whereby 引导同位语从句,解释说明 teaching
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【55】 单选

55
His function is analogous to that of a judge, who must accept the obligation of revealing in as obvious a manner as possible the course of reasoning which led him to his decision.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导表语从句
B. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 that
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰 the course of reasoning
D. to his decision 作原因状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【56】 单选

56
I have excluded him because, while his accomplishments may contribute to the solution of moral problems, he has not been charged with the task of approaching any but the factual aspects of those problems.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 he has not been charged with…
B. because 引导原因状语从句
C. while 引导时间状语从句
D. but 为并列句连接词,表转折
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【57】 单选

57
I shall define him as an individual who has elected as his primary duty and pleasure in life the activity of thinking in a Socratic (苏格拉底) way about moral problems.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干是 I has elected as…
B. who 引导定语从句,修饰 an individual
C. who 引导表语从句
D. his primary duty and pleasure in life 在从句中充当宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【58】 单选

58
He explores such problems consciously, articulately, and frankly, first by asking factual questions, then by asking moral questions, finally by suggesting action which seems appropriate in the light of the factual and moral information which he has obtained.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 He explores...problems…
B. 第一个 which 引导定语从句,修饰 questions 和 action
C. by asking moral questions 充当宾语
D. which he has obtained 为宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【59】 单选

59
Father Bruckberger told part of the story when he observed that it is the intellectuals who have rejected America.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 句子主干是…he observed that…
B. when 引导的是时间状语从句
C. that 引导的是定语从句,修饰 he
D. who 引导的是同位语从句,解释说明 it
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【60】 单选

60
Noting the medical/psychological nature of problem gambling behavior, the letter said that before being readmitted to the casino he would have to present medical/psychological information demonstrating that patronizing the casino would pose no threat to his safety or well-being.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. Noting… 为现在分词作原因状语
B. 第一个 that 引导的是同位语从句
C. before being readmitted to the casino 作让步状语从句
D. 第二个 that 引导的是宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【61】 单选

61
The casino issued to him, as a good customer, a "Fun Card", which when used in the casino earns points for meals and drinks, and enables the casino to track the user's gambling activities.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. as a good customer 作方式状语
B. which 引导定语从句,修饰 a "Fun Card"
C. when 引导时间状语从句
D. to track the user's gambling activities 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【62】 单选

62
Pushed by science, or what claims to be science, society is reclassifying what once were considered character flaws or moral failings as personality disorders akin to physical disabilities.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. Pushed by science 作定语,修饰 society
B. what claims to be science 是句子的主句
C. 主句主干是 …society is reclassifying what…as...
D. 第二个 what 引导定语从句,修饰 society
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【63】 单选

63
Nevertheless, Williams's suit charges that the casino, knowing he was "helplessly addicted to gambling," intentionally worked to "lure" him to "engage in conduct against his will."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Williams's suit charges that…
B. knowing... 作原因状语
C. he was "helplessly addicted to gambling" 为定语从句
D. to "lure" him 充目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【64】 单选

64
It is unclear what luring was required, given his compulsive behavior.
对划线部分 what luring was required 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 为宾语从句
B. 为同位语从句,解释说明 It
C. 为主语从句
D. 为表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【65】 单选

65
During several years of gambling in that casino, Williams, a state auditor earning $35,000 a year, lost approximately $175,000.
对划线部分 a state auditor earning $35,000 a year 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 充当主语
B. 充当同位语,补充说明 Williams
C. 充当宾语
D. 充当后置定语,修饰 Williams
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【66】 单选

66
There is the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC), which presents superb productions of the plays at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre on the Avon.
对划线部分 which 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导宾语从句
B. which 引导表语从句
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰 the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC)
D. which 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC)
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【67】 单选

67
And there are the townsfolk who largely live off the tourists who come, not to see the plays, but to look at Anne Hathaway's Cottage, Shakespeare's birthplace and the other sights.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 who 引导表语从句
B. 第二个 who 引导定语从句,修饰 the townsfolk
C. not to see the plays 为后置定语,修饰 the tourists
D. to look at… 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【68】 单选

68
It's all deliciously ironic when you consider that Shakespeare, who earns their living, was himself an actor (with a beard) and did his share of noise-making.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Shakespeare…was…an actor…and did his share of noise-making
B. when 引导表语从句
C. that 引导宾语从句
D. who 引导同位语从句,解释说明 Shakespeare
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【69】 单选

69
It is the playgoers, the RSC contends, who bring in much of the town's revenue because they spend the night (some of them four or five nights) pouring cash into the hotels and restaurants.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主谓宾结构
B. the RSC contends 为定语从句
C. who 引导的部分强调 the playgoers
D. pouring cash into the hotels and restaurants 为宾语补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【70】 单选

70
Hilton is building its own hotel there, which you may be sure will be decorated with Hamlet Hamburger Bars, the Lear Lounge, the Banquo Banqueting Room, and so forth, and will be very expensive.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Hilton is building its own hotel…and will be very expensive
B. which 引导定语从句,修饰 there
C. you may be sure 为插入语
D. with Hamlet Hamburger Bars…and so forth 为伴随状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【71】 单选

71
They all seem to look alike (though they come from all over) — lean, pointed, dedicated faces, wearing jeans and sandals, eating their buns and bedding down for the night on the flagstones outside the theatre to buy the 20 seats and 80 standing-room tickets held for the sleepers and sold to them when the box office opens at 10:30 a.m.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 They all seem to look alike
B. though they come from all over 为插入语
C. wearing jeans and sandals 为后置定语,修饰 faces
D. held for the sleepers and sold to them 为后置定语,修饰 the 20 seats and 80 standing-room tickets
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【72】 单选

72
Immigrants are quickly fitting into this common culture, which may not be altogether elevating but is hardly poisonous.
对划线部分 which 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导状语从句
B. which 引导宾语从句
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰主句
D. which 引导同位语从句,补充说明 this common culture
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【73】 单选

73
By 1996 foreign-born immigrants who had arrived before 1970 had a home ownership rate of 75.6 percent, higher than the 69.8 percent rate among native-born Americans.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 foreign-born immigrants…had a home ownership rate…
B. who 引导宾语从句
C. higher than the 69.8 percent rate 为后置定语,修饰 a home ownership rate of 75.6 percent
D. among native-born Americans 为地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【74】 单选

74
Rodriguez notes that children in remote villages around the world are fans of superstars like Arnold Schwarzenegger and Garth Brooks, yet "some Americans fear that immigrants living within the United States remain somehow immune to the nation's assimilative power."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句,第一个并列分句的主干为 children…are fans of superstars…,第二个并列分句的主干为 some Americans fear that…
B. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 Rodriguez
C. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 some Americans
D. living within the United States 作后置定语,修饰 immigrants
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【75】 单选

75
People are absorbed into "a culture of consumption" launched by the 19th-century department stores that offered vast arrays of goods in an elegant atmosphere.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 People are launched
B. launched by the 19th-century department stores 为后置定语,修饰 a culture of consumption
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the 19th-century department stores
D. in an elegant atmosphere 为后置定语,修饰 goods
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【76】 单选

76
There is "the democratizing uniformity of dress and discourse, and the casualness and absence of deference" characteristic of popular culture.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 There is…characteristic of popular culture
B. of dress and discourse 为后置定语,修饰 the democratizing uniformity
C. of deference 为后置定语,修饰 the casualness and absence
D. characteristic of popular culture 为后置定语,修饰 deference
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【77】 单选

77
Instead of intimate shops catering to a knowledgeable elite, these were stores anyone could enter, regardless of class or background.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 anyone could enter
B. catering to a knowledgeable elite 为后置定语,修饰 intimate shops
C. anyone could enter 为定语从句,修饰 stores
D. regardless of class or background 为让步状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【78】 单选

78
Today, surrounded by promises of easy happiness, we need art to tell us, as religion once did, Memento mori: remember that you will die, that everything ends, and that happiness comes not in denying this but in living with it.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. surrounded by promises of easy happiness 为前置定语,修饰 we
B. 第一个 that 引导 Memento mori 同位语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导宾语从句,充当 remember 的宾语
D. 第三个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 everything
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【79】 单选

79
And since these messages have an agenda — to lure us to open our wallets — they make the very idea of happiness seem unreliable.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 they make the very idea of happiness
B. since 引导时间状语从句
C. to lure us to open our wallets 作目的状语
D. seem unreliable 为宾语 the very idea of happiness 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【80】 单选

80
But what we forget — what our economy depends on us forgetting — is that happiness is more than pleasure without pain.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 what we forget…is that…
B. 划线的 what 引导主语从句
C. that 引导表语从句
D. without pain 为条件状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【81】 单选

81
But somewhere from the 19th century onward, more artists began seeing happiness as meaningless, phony or, worst of all, boring, as we went from Wordsworth's daffodils to Baudelaire's flowers of evil.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 more artists began
B. somewhere from the 19th century onward 作地点状语
C. 第一个 as 引导时间状语从句
D. 第二个 as 引导时间状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【82】 单选

82
In the West, before mass communication and literacy, the most powerful mass medium was the church, which reminded worshippers that their souls were in danger and that they would someday be meat for worms.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the most powerful mass medium was the church
B. which 引导定语从句,修饰 the church
C. 第一个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 worshippers
D. 第二个 that 引导宾语从句,充当 reminded 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【83】 单选

83
The rise of anti-happy art almost exactly tracks the emergence of mass media, and with it, a commercial culture in which happiness is not just an ideal but an ideology.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. and 连接 the emergence 和 a commercial culture
B. with it 为方式状语
C. with it 中的 it 指代 The rise of anti-happy art
D. which 引导地点状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【84】 单选

84
Dr. Myers and Dr. Worm argue that their work gives a correct baseline, which future management efforts must take into account.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Dr. Myers and Dr. Worm argue that…
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰 a correct baseline
D. which 在其引导的从句中作主语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【85】 单选

85
The notion is that people have failed to detect the massive changes which have happened in the ocean because they have been looking back only a relatively short time into the past.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The notion…have failed to detect the massive changes
B. that 引导 The notion 的同位语从句
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰 The notion
D. because 引导原因状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【86】 单选

86
Some individuals would therefore not have been caught, since no baited hooks would have been available to trap them, leading to an underestimate of fish stocks in the past.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Some individuals would…not have been caught
B. to trap them 作目的状语
C. leading to an underestimate 作后置定语,修饰 baited hooks
D. of fish stocks in the past 作后置定语,修饰 an underestimate
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【87】 单选

87
That matters because theory suggests that the maximum sustainable yield that can be cropped from a fishery comes when the biomass of a target species is about 50% of its original levels.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 That matters
B. 第一个划线的 that 引导定语从句,修饰 theory
C. 第一个划线的 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 theory
D. 第二个划线的 that 引导宾语从句,充当 yield 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【88】 单选

88
According to their latest paper published in Nature, the biomass of large predators (animals that kill and eat other animals) in a new fishery is reduced on average by 80% within 15 years of the start of exploitation.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the biomass…is reduced
B. According to their latest paper 作状语,修饰主句
C. published in Nature 作后置定语,修饰 their latest paper
D. on average 为后置定语,修饰 a new fishery
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【89】 单选

89
Their methods do not attempt to estimate the actual biomass (the amount of living biological matter) of fish species in particular parts of the ocean, but rather changes in that biomass over time.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Their methods do not attempt to estimate the actual biomass
B. but rather 连接两个分句
C. in particular parts of the ocean 为地点状语
D. in that biomass over time 为后置定语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【90】 单选

90
That means a higher proportion of what is in the sea is being caught, so the real difference between present and past is likely to be worse than the one recorded by changes in catch sizes.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句,第一个分句的主干为 That means a higher proportion
B. what 引导主语从句
C. between present and past 为时间状语
D. recorded by changes in catch sizes 作后置定语,修饰 the one
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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