长难句(六)


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【1】 单选

1
It takes more upkeep, burns more fuel and is slow off the starting line because it depends on learning — a gradual process — instead of instinct.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 It takes more upkeep
B. off the starting line 为后置定语,修饰 fuel
C. it 指代 the starting line
D. a gradual process 为 learning 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【2】 单选

2
Plenty of other species are able to learn, and one of the things they've apparently learned is when to stop.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句
B. and 连接两个并列谓语 learn 和 learned
C. they've apparently learned 为同位语从句,解释说明 the things
D. when to stop 为 learned 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【3】 单选

3
Research on animal intelligence also makes me wonder what experiments animals would perform on humans if they had the chance.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Research…makes me wonder what…
B. wonder 为主句主干的谓语
C. what 引导宾语从句
D. if 引导状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【4】 单选

4
Instead of casting a wistful glance backward at all the species we've left in the dust I.Q.-wise, it implicitly asks what the real costs of our own intelligence might be.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 it…asks…the real costs
B. we've left in the dust I.Q.-wise 为定语从句,修饰 glance
C. what 引导同位语从句
D. of our own intelligence 为后置定语,修饰 the real costs
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【5】 单选

5
We believe that if animals ran the labs, they would test us to determine the limits of our patience, our faithfulness, our memory for terrain.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 We believe that…
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. if 引导条件状语从句
D. to determine the limits 为宾语 us 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【6】 单选

6
If humanity has made some headway in realizing that the ultimate value of every institution is its distinctively human effect we may well believe that this lesson has been learned largely through dealings with the young.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰humanity
B. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 this lesson
C. that 引导宾语从句
D. that 引导结果状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【7】 单选

7
Even today, in our industrial life, apart from certain values of industriousness and thrift, the intellectual and emotional reaction of the forms of human association under which the world's work is carried on receives little attention as compared with physical output.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 intellectual and emotional reaction of the forms of human association receives little attention
B. in our industrial life 作地点状语
C. under which 引导的限制性定语从句修饰 intellectual and emotional reaction
D. as compared with physical output 作后置定语,修饰 little attention
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【8】 单选

8
There is a marked difference between the education which everyone gets from living with others, and the deliberate educating of the young.
对划线部分 which 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the education
B. which 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a marked difference
C. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 a marked difference
D. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the education
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【9】 单选

9
We are thus led to distinguish, within the broad educational process which we have been so far considering, a more formal kind of education — that of direct tuition or schooling.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 We are...led
B. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the broad educational process
C. within the broad educational process 为插入语,作地点状语
D. 破折号引出 the broad educational process 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【10】 单选

10
Since our chief business with them is to enable them to share in a common life we cannot help considering whether or not we are forming the powers which will secure this ability.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 we cannot help considering whether...
B. since 引导原因状语从句
C. whether 引导条件状语从句
D. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the powers
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【11】 单选

1
While it is easy to ignore in our contact with them the effect of our acts upon their disposition, it is not so easy as in dealing with adults.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 it is not so easy...
B. while 引导时间状语从句
C. in our contact with them 作地点状语
D. as in dealing with adults 作比较状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【12】 单选

12
Only gradually was the by-product of the institution noted, and only more gradually still was this effect considered as a directive factor in the conduct of the institution.
对划线部分 as a directive factor 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 作方式状语修饰全句
B. 作方式状语修饰 this effect
C. 作第二个并列分句的主语 this effect 的补语
D. 作 was considered 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【13】 单选

13
It may be said that the measure of the worth of any social institution is its effect in enlarging and improving experience; but this effect is not a part of its original motive.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 第一个并列分句的主干 It may be said that... 为被动语态的主谓结构
B. in enlarging and improving experience 作后置定语修饰 any social institution
C. that 引导主语从句
D. but 连接第二个并列分句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【14】 单选

14
In order to study particular cultures as completely as possible, Boas became skilled in linguistics, the study of languages, and in physical anthropology, the study of human biology and anatomy.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 study particular cultures
B. In order to study particular cultures as completely as possible 作目的状语
C. the study of languages 作 linguistics 的同位语
D. the study of human biology and anatomy 作 physical anthropology 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【15】 单选

15
Thus, in his view, diverse aspects of culture, such as the structure of families, forms of marriage, categories of kinship, ownership of property, forms of government, technology, and systems of food production, all changed as societies evolved.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 diverse aspects of culture all changed
B. in his view 在此作插入语
C. all 为主句主语
D. as societies evolved 为时间状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【16】 单选

16
For example, British anthropologists Grafton Elliot Smith and W. J. Perry incorrectly suggested, on the basis of inadequate information, that farming, pottery making, and metallurgy all originated in ancient Egypt and diffused throughout the world.
对划线部分 on the basis of inadequate information 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 作为地点状语修饰主句
B. 作插入语补充说明 incorrectly suggested
C. 作为地点状语修饰 incorrectly suggested
D. 作为插入语修饰主句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【17】 单选

17
Boas felt that the culture of any society must be understood as the result of a unique history and not as one of many cultures belonging to a broader evolutionary stage or type of culture.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干 Boas felt that… 为主系表结构
B. that the culture of any society must be understood 为限制性定语从句,修饰 Boas
C. as the result of a unique history and not as one of many cultures 作从句中主语 the culture of any society 的补语
D. belonging to a broader evolutionary stage or type of culture 作后置定语,修饰 the culture of any society
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【18】 单选

18
He argued that human evolution was characterized by a struggle he called the "survival of the fittest", in which weaker races and societies must eventually be replaced by stronger, more advanced races and societies.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 He argued that…
B. the "survival of the fittest" 作省略引导词的限制性定语从句 he called the "survival of the fittest" 的宾语
C. in which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 human evolution
D. he called the "survival of the fittest" 作同位语从句,解释说明 a struggle
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【19】 单选

19
Coinciding with the groundbreaking theory of biological evolution proposed by British naturalist Charles Darwin in the 1860s, British social philosopher Herbert Spencer put forward his own theory of biological and cultural evolution.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 British social philosopher Herbert Spencer put forward his own theory
B. proposed by British naturalist Charles Darwin 作后置定语,修饰 evolution
C. Herbert Spencer 作同位语,解释说明 British social philosopher
D. of biological and cultural evolution 作后置定语,修饰 his own theory
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【20】 单选

20
In addition, the computer programs a company uses to estimate relationships may be patented and not subject to peer review or outside evaluation.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the computer programs may be patented
B. a company uses to estimate relationships 为省略引导词的限制性定语从句,修饰 the computer programs
C. may be patented and not subject to 作后置定语,修饰 relationships
D. peer review or outside evaluation 作后置定语,修饰 the computer programs
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【21】 单选

21
Critics also argue that commercial genetic testing is only as good as the reference collections to which a sample is compared.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 Critics also argue that…
B. commercial genetic testing 为 that 引导的宾语从句的主语
C. as good 为 that 引导的宾语从句的表语
D. to which a sample is compared 修饰 Critics
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【22】 单选

22
To take this approach to the New Englanders normally means to start with the Puritans' theological innovations and their distinctive ideas about the church — important subjects that we may not neglect.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the New Englanders means to start with…
B. important subjects 作 innovations and their distinctive ideas 的同位语
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰subjects
D. To take this approach to… 为主句主语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【23】 单选

23
DNA testing is also the latest rage among passionate genealogists and supports businesses that offer to search for a family's geographic roots . 划线部分的 that,指代的是( )。
A. businesses
B. DNA testing
C. rage
D. passionate genealogists
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【24】 单选

24
More than 60,000 people have purchased the PTKs since they first become available without prescriptions last year, according to Doug Fog, chief operating officer of Identigene, which makes the over-the-counter kits.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句主干为 More than 60,000 people have purchased the PTKs
B. since they first become… 为 since 引导的原因状语从句
C. according to Doug Fog 作状语,修饰主干句
D. which makes the over-the-counter kits 为 which 引导的非限制性定语从句,修饰 Identigene
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【25】 单选

25
It is a wise father that knows his own child, but today a man can boost his paternal (fatherly) wisdom — or at least confirm that he's the kid's dad.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为主从复合句,主句主干为 It is a wise father that knows his own child
B. at least 作状语表示转折
C. that he's the kid's dad 为 that 引导的宾语从句
D. It is a wise father that knows his own child 为 that 引导的同位语从句,解释说明 a wise father
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【26】 单选

26
Yet most ancestry testing only considers a single lineage, either the Y chromosome inherited through men in a father's line or mitochondrial DNA, which is passed down only from mothers.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 most ancestry testing… considers a single lineage
B. either…or… 并列成分作同位语,解释说明 a single lineage
C. inherited… 为 the Y chromosome 的后置定语
D. which 引导定语从句,修饰 the Y chromosome...or mitochondrial DNA
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【27】 单选

27
Among the most popular: paternity and kinship testing , which adopted children can use to find their biological relatives and families can use to track down kids put up for adoption.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to find their biological relatives 作目的状语
B. which adopted children can use… 为限制性定语从句,先行词为 kinship
C. families can use… 与 biological relatives 并列
D. put up for adoption 是 kids 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【28】 单选

28
According to the standard history of American philosophy, nowhere else in colonial America was "so much importance attached to intellectual pursuits." 本句句子主干为( )。
A. colonial America was intellectual pursuits
B. the standard history was intellectual pursuits
C. was "so much importance attached
D. intellectual pursuits was importance
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【29】 单选

29
While few crafts men or farmers, let alone dependents and servants, left literary compositions to be analyzed, it is obvious that their views are less fully intellectualized. 划线部分 while,引导的是( )。
A. 时间状语从句
B. 让步状语从句
C. 方式状语从句
D. 目的状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【30】 单选

30
Meanwhile, many settlers had slighter religious commitments than Dane's, as one clergyman learned in confronting folk along the coast who mocked that they had not come to the New World for religion .
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 many settlers had slighter religious commitments
B. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 clergyman
C. that they had… 为定语从句,修饰 folk
D. as 引导方式状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【31】 单选

31
Besides the ninety or so learned ministers who came to Massachusetts church in the decade after 1629,There were political leaders like John Winthrop, an educated gentleman, lawyer, and official of the Crown before he journeyed to Boston.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. Besides the ninety or so learned ministers 为状语,修饰主句
B. 主句主干为 leaders like John Winthrop
C. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 ministers
D. an educated gentleman, lawyer, and official of the Crown 为并列名词作同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【32】 单选

32
A tailor named John Dane, who emigrated in the late 1630s, left an account of his reasons for leaving England that is filled with signs.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 A tailor left for England
B. named John Dane 作同位语,解释说明 A tailor
C. who 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 John Dane
D. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 England
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【33】 单选

33
Sexual confusion, economic frustrations , and religious hope — all came together in a decisive moment when he opened the Bible, told his father that the first line he saw would settle his fate, and read the magical words: "come out from among them, touch no unclean thing, and I will be your God and you shall be my people."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the first line would settle his fate
B. when 引导时间状语从句
C. all 作 sexual confusion, economic frustrations , and religious hope 的同位语
D. in a decisive moment 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【34】 单选

34
Yet the research revealed that the U.S. factories of Honda, Nissan, and Toyota achieved about 95 percent of the productivity of their Japanese counterparts — a result of the training that U.S. workers received on the job.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the U.S. factories…achieved about 95 percent of the productivity
B. 第一个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 the research
C. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 the training
D. a result of the training 是 their Japanese counterparts 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【35】 单选

35
The findings of a research institution have consistently shown that workers in all countries can be trained on the job to achieve radically higher productivity and, as a result, radically higher standards of living.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 a research institution have consistently shown that…
B. that 引导宾语从句,充当 shown 的宾语
C. to achieve radically higher productivity 作后置定语,修饰 the job
D. as a result 为结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【36】 单选

36
Progress in both areas is undoubtedly necessary for the social, political and intellectual development of these and all other societies; however, the conventional view that education should be one of the very highest priorities for promoting rapid economic development in poor countries is wrong.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句
B. in both areas 为后置定语
C. that education should be one… 中的 that 引导宾语从句
D. for promoting rapid economic development 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【37】 单选

37
Not long ago, with the country entering a recessing and Japan at its pre-bubble peak, the U.S. workforce was derided as poorly educated and one of the primary causes of the poor U.S. economic performance.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 the U.S. workforce was derided as…and…
B. with the country...pre-bubble peak 为方式状语
C. as poorly educated 为原因状语
D. and 连接两个并列的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【38】 单选

38
More recently, while examining housing construction, the researchers discovered that illiterate, non-English-speaking Mexican workers in Houston, Texas, consistently met best-practice labor productivity standards despite the complexity of the building industry's work.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. while examining housing construction 为时间状语
B. 主句主干为 Mexican workers…met best-practice labor productivity standards
C. that 引导的是宾语从句
D. despite the complexity… 为让步状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【39】 单选

39
This increasingly high level of education is probably a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for the complex political systems required by advanced economic performance.
对划线部分 for the complex political systems 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 为介词结构作条件状语
B. 为介词结构作原因状语
C. 为介词结构作宾语补语
D. 为介词结构作后置定语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【40】 单选

40
Only when humanity began to get its food in a more productive way was there time for other things.
对划线部分 there 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. there 为主句的表语
B. there 为从句的表语
C. there 为从句的地点状语
D. there 构成 there be 句型
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【41】 单选

41
But don't bother trying to kill off old habits; once those ruts of procedure are worn into the brain, they're there to stay. 划线部分的 they 指代的是( )。
A. old habits
B. ruts of procedure
C. brain
D. there
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【42】 单选

42
Instead, the new habits we deliberately press into ourselves create parallel pathways that can bypass those old roads.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主系表结构
B. Instead 作为衔接词表示转折
C. we deliberately press into ourselves 修饰 the new habits
D. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 parallel pathways
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【43】 单选

43
The current emphasis on standard testing highlights analysis and procedure, meaning that few of us inherently use innovative and collaborative modes of thought.
关于本句语法的分析,错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The current emphasis highlights analysis and procedure
B. on standardized testing 作后置定语,修饰 emphasis
C. meaning that… 作伴随状语
D. that 引导定语从句,修饰 meaning
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【44】 单选

44
But brain researchers have discovered that when we consciously develop new habits, we create parallel synaptic paths, and even entirely new brain cells, that can jump our trains of thought onto new, innovative tracks.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 brain researchers have discovered that…
B. when we consciously develop new habits 为时间状语从句,修饰整个句子
C. that can jump our trains of thought onto new, innovative tracks 作宾语从句
D. that can jump our trains... 的 that 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 parallel synaptic paths
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【45】 单选

45
At the end of adolescence, however, the brain shuts down half of that capacity, preserving only those modes of thought that have seemed most valuable during the first decade or so of life.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the brain shuts down half of that capacity
B. at the end of adolescence 作时间状语
C. preserving… 作后置定语,修饰 capacity
D. however 为插入语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【46】 单选

46
Researchers in the late 1960s discovered that humans are born with the capacity to approach challenges in four primary ways: analytically, procedurally, relationally (or collaboratively) and innovatively.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Researchers...discovered…four primary ways…
B. in the late 1960s 作地点状语
C. to approach challenges 作后置定语修饰 capacity
D. in four primary ways 作后置定语修饰 challenges
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【47】 单选

47
The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The idea dare not speak its name
B. 第一个 that 引导限制性定语从句,先行词为 The idea
C. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 those hypotheses
D. than others 作比较状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【48】 单选

48
He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections, which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导定语从句,先行词为 the idea
B. 主句主干为 He helped popularize the idea
C. not previously thought to have a bacterial cause 作后置定语,修饰 the idea
D. which aroused much controversy… 为 which 引导的非限制性定语从句,先行词为 some diseases
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【49】 单选

49
This group generally do well in IQ test, scoring 12-15 points above the mean value of 100, and have contributed disproportionately to the intellectual and cultural life of the West, as the careers of their elites, including several world-renowned scientists, affirm.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 This group generally do well in IQ test
B. as 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰主句
C. scoring 12-15 points above the mean value of 100 作目的状语
D. to the intellectual and cultural life of the West 作后置定语,修饰 points
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【50】 单选

50
His argument is that the unusual history of these people has subjected them to unique evolutionary pressures that have resulted in this paradoxical state of affairs.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 His argument is that…
B. 第二个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 unique evolutionary pressures
C. to unique evolutionary pressures 作宾语 them 的补语
D. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 His argument
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【51】 单选

51
Together with another two scientists, he is publishing a paper which not only suggests that one group of humanity is more intelligent than the others, but explains the process that has brought this about.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 he is publishing a paper
B. 第一个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 a paper
C. 第二个 that 引导宾语从句,作 explains 的宾语
D. Together with another two scientists 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【52】 单选

52
Darwin was convinced that the loss of these tastes was not only a loss of happiness, but might possibly be injurious to the intellect, and more probably to the moral character.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Darwin was convinced…
B. the loss of these tastes 为 that 引导的宾语从句的表语
C. not only…but… 连接两个并列表语,第一个表语为 a loss of happiness,第二个表语为 injurious
D. and...to the moral character 为 and 连接的介词短语,与 to the intellect 并列
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【53】 单选

53
He adds humbly that perhaps he was "superior to the common run of men in noticing things which easily escape attention, and in observing them carefully".
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 He adds...to the common run
B. in observing them 中的 them 指代 attention
C. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the common run of men
D. that 引导宾语从句,作 adds 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【54】 单选

54
So poor in one sense was it that he never could remember for more than a few days a single date or a line of poetry.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. in one sense 充当方式状语
B. 主句主干为 So poor was it that…
C. that 引导表语从句
D. for more than a few days 作 that 引导的结果状语从句的原因状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【55】 单选

55
He points out that he always experienced much difficulty in expressing himself clearly and concisely, but he believes that this very difficulty may have had the compensating advantage of forcing him to think long and intently about every sentence, and thus enabling him to detect errors in reasoning and in his own observations.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 He points out that…,that 引导宾语从句
B. but 连接两个并列分句,第二个并列分句主干为 he believes that…,that 引导宾语从句
C. and thus enabling him to detect errors… 为 and 连接的动名词短语,与 forcing him to think… 并列
D. but 连接两个并列分句,第一个并列分句的主干为 He points out that…,that 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【56】 单选

56
On the other hand, he did not accept as well founded the charge made by some of his critics that, while he was a good observer, he had no power of reasoning.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. made by some of his critics 充当 the charge 的后置定语
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the charge
C. while he was a good observer 为 while 引导的时间状语从句
D. 主句主干为 he did not accept as well founded the charge
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【57】 单选

57
He asserted, also, that his power to follow a long and purely abstract train of thought was very limited, for which reason he felt certain that he never could have succeeded with mathematics.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 his power was very limited
B. for which 引导的非限制性定语从句,修饰第一个 that 所引导的宾语从句
C. to follow a long and purely abstract train of thought 作目的状语
D. 第二个 that 引导的同位语从句,解释说明 reason
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【58】 单选

58
Writing in the last year of his life, he expressed the opinion that in two or three respects his mind had changed during the preceding twenty or thirty years. 对 划线部分的理解 that in two or three respects his mind had changed during the preceding twenty or thirty years,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 该句为 that 引导的限制性定语从句,修饰 the opinion
B. 该句为 that 引导的同位语从句,解释说明 the opinion
C. 该句主语为 his mind
D. during the preceding twenty or thirty years 在该句中充当时间状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【59】 单选

59
This, he thought, could not be true, because the "Origin of Species" is one long argument from the beginning to the end, and has convinced many able men.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 This could not be true because…
B. the "Origin of Species" 作原因状语从句的主语
C. and 连接两个并列谓语结构
D. from the beginning to the end 作时间状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【60】 单选

60
In the final paragraph about the significance of the setting in "A & P", the student brings together the reasons Sammy quit his job by referring to his refusal to accept Lengel's store policies.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the student brings together the reasons
B. Sammy quit his job 为 the reasons 的同位语
C. by referring to… 作方式状语
D. In the final paragraph about the significance of the setting in "A & P" 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【61】 单选

61
The first draft will appear on the page only if you stop avoiding the inevitable and sit, stand up, or lie down to write.
对划线部分 only if you stop avoiding the inevitable and sit, stand up, or lie down to write 的理解,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. only if 引导条件状语从句
B. 从句主语为 you
C. and 连接并列谓语结构 stop avoiding... 和 sit, stand up, or lie down...
D. to write 为后置定语,修饰 the inevitable
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【62】 单选

62
The student who wrote "The A & P as a State of Mind" wisely dropped a paragraph that questioned whether Sammy displays chauvinistic attitudes toward women.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The student...dropped a paragraph
B. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 The student
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a paragraph
D. whether 引导宾语从句,作 questioned 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【63】 单选

63
If you are working on a word processor, you can take advantage of its capacity to make additions and deletions as well as move entire paragraphs by making just a few simple keyboard commands.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 you can...move entire paragraphs
B. If 引导条件状语从句
C. to make additions and deletions as well as move entire paragraphs 作目的状语
D. by making just a few simple keyboard commands 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【64】 单选

64
It's worth remembering, however, that though a clean copy fresh off a printer may look terrific, it will read only as well as the thinking and writing that have gone into it.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 it will read
B. 第一个 that 引导主语从句,主语从句主干为 it will read
C. though a clean copy fresh off a printer may look terrific 为 though 引导的条件状语从句
D. 第二个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 writing
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【65】 单选

65
Instead of including that paragraph, she added one that described Lengel's crabbed response to the girls so that she could lead up to the A & P "policy" he enforces.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 she added one
B. so that 引导结果状语从句
C. he enforces 为省略了引导词的定语从句,修饰 that paragraph
D. that 引导宾语从句,作 added 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【66】 单选

66
Once you have a first draft on paper, you can delete material that is unrelated to your thesis and add material necessary to illustrate your points and make your paper convincing.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 you can delete material
B. that is unrelated to your thesis 为 that 引导的同位语从句,解释说明 material
C. make your paper convincing 与 to illustrate your points 并列
D. necessary to… 作后置定语修饰 a first draft
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【67】 单选

67
Moreover, even though humans have been upright for millions of years, our feet and back continue to struggle with bipedal posture and cannot easily withstand repeated strain imposed by oversize limbs.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 our feet and back continue to struggle with bipedal posture
B. imposed by oversize limbs 作后置定语,修饰 bipedal posture
C. and 连接两个并列谓语结构 continue to struggle... 和 cannot...withstand repeated strain
D. even though 引导条件状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【68】 单选

68
The bodies playing major professional sports have changed dramatically over the years, and managers have been more than willing to adjust team uniforms to fit the growing numbers of bigger, longer frames.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个并列分句的主干为 The bodies...have changed
B. 第二个并列分句主干为 managers adjust team uniforms
C. playing major professional sports 为同位语,解释说明 The bodies
D. to fit the growing numbers of bigger, longer frames 作后置定语,修饰 team uniforms
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【69】 单选

69
Though typically about two inches taller now than 140 years ago, today's people — especially those born to families who have lived in the U.S. for many generations — apparently reached their limit in the early 1960s.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. Though typically… 为省略形式的让步状语从句
B. 主句主干为 today's people...reached their limit
C. especially those born to families… 作同位语,补充说明 today's people
D. who 引导定语从句,修饰 today's people
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【70】 单选

70
But as diet and health improved, children and adolescents have, on average, increased in height by about an inch and a half every 20 years, a pattern known as the secular trend in height.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. as diet and health improved 充当时间状语从句
B. 主句主干为 children and adolescents have increased
C. on average 为插入语
D. a pattern known as the secular trend in height 为同位语,解释说明 every 20 years
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【71】 单选

71
The trend in sports, though, may be obscuring an unrecognized reality: Americans have generally stopped growing. 本句为主从复合句,主句主干为( )。
A. Americans have...stopped growing
B. The trend...have...stopped growing
C. The trend...stopped
D. The trend may...be obscuring an unrecognized reality
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【72】 单选

72
Studies of both animals and humans have shown that sex hormones somehow affect the stress response, causing females under stress to produce more of the trigger chemicals than do males under the same conditions.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选型正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 animals and humans have shown that…
B. that 引导限制性定语从句,先行词为 Studies
C. to produce more of the trigger chemical 作 causing 的宾语
D. than 引导比较状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【73】 单选

73
In several of the studies, when stressed-out female rats had their ovaries (the female reproductive organs) removed, their chemical responses became equal to those of the males. 对 划线部分 when stressed-out female rats had their ovaries (the female reproductive organs) removed 的理解,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 该句为 when 引导的时间状语从句
B. 该句的主语为 stressed-out female rats
C. 该句的谓语为 removed
D. the female reproductive organs 为 their ovaries 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【74】 单选

74
Adding to a woman's increased dose of stress chemicals, are her increased "opportunities" for stress. 本句句子主干为( )。
A. stress increased "opportunities"
B. stress increased dose of stress chemicals
C. Adding to a woman's increased dose...are her increased "opportunities"
D. dose of stress chemicals are "opportunities"
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【75】 单选

75
Alvarez's experience demonstrates the importance of finding ways to diffuse stress before it threatens your health and your ability to function.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. of finding ways to diffuse stress 作后置定语,修饰 experience
B. 主句主干为 Alvarez's experience...threatens your health and your ability
C. before 引导时间状语从句
D. to function 作后置定语,修饰 your health and your ability
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【76】 单选

76
I think that the kinds of things that women are exposed to tend to be in more of a chronic or repeated nature.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 I think that…
B. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句,作 think 的宾语
C. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the kinds of things
D. 第一个 that 引导的从句的主语为 the kinds of things
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【77】 单选

77
I was living in so much frustration that that was my escape, to go to school, and get ahead and do better.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 第一个that 引导结果状语从句
B. 第二个 that 为形式主语,to go to school, and get ahead and do better 为真正主语
C. 主句主干为 I was living in...frustration
D. 第一个 that 可省略
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【78】 单选

78
The kinds of interpersonal violence that women are exposed to tend to be in domestic situations, by, unfortunately, parents or other family members, and they tend not to be one-shot deals.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句,第一个并列分句主干为 The kinds are exposed to domestic situations
B. that 引导限制性定语从句,先行词为 The kinds
C. by...parents or other family members 作方式状语
D. unfortunately 为插入语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【79】 单选

79
If he had played last season, however, he would have been one of 42. 对本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. If he had played last season 为 If 引导的虚拟条件状语句
B. however 充当插入语
C. 主句主干为 he would have been one of 42
D. last season 为 If 引导的条件状语从句的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【80】 单选

80
Other models exist that are hybrids of these three, such as delayed open-access, where journals allow only subscribers to read a paper for the first six months, before making it freely available to everyone who wishes to see it.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Other models…are hybrids…
B. where 引导地点状语从句
C. to read a paper 作宾语 subscribers 的补语
D. who 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【81】 单选

81
Finally, there are open-access archives, where organizations such as universities or international laboratories support institutional repositories.
对划线部分 where 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. where 引导定语从句,修饰 open-access archives
B. where 引导状语从句
C. where 引导宾语从句
D. where 引导同位语从句,解释说明 open-access archives
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【82】 单选

82
There is open-access publishing, typically supported by asking the author (or his employer) to pay for the paper to be published.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 There is open-access publishing…
B. typically supported by… 为后置定语,修饰 open-access publishing
C. to pay for the paper 为后置定语,修饰 the author (or his employer)
D. to be published 为后置定语,修饰 the paper
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【83】 单选

83
The report, by John Houghton of Victoria University in Australia and Graham Vickery of the OECD, makes heavy reading for publishers who have, so far, made handsome profits.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The report…made handsome profits
B. of Victoria University in Australia 作后置定语,修饰 John Houghton
C. of the OECD 作后置定语,修饰 Victoria University…and Graham Vickery
D. who 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【84】 单选

84
There is the so-called big deal, where institutional subscribers pay for access to a collection of online journal titles through site-licensing agreements.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 There is the…deal…
B. where 引导定语从句,修饰 the so-called big deal
C. to a collection of online journal titles 作目的状语
D. through site-licensing agreements 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【85】 单选

85
The Internet — and pressure from funding agencies, who are questioning why commercial publishers are making money from government-funded research by restricting access to it — is making access to scientific results a reality.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The Internet…and pressure…are making money…
B. pressure 为主句的主语
C. why commercial publishers are making money from… 为宾语从句
D. a reality 为主句的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【86】 单选

86
Copyright rested with the journal publisher, and researchers seeking knowledge of the results would have to subscribe to the journal.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为主从复合句,主句主干为 researchers…would have to subscribe to the journal
B. Copyright rested with the journal publisher 作原因状语
C. researchers seeking knowledge 为独立主格结构
D. of the results 为后置定语,修饰 knowledge
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【87】 单选

87
The southern states would not have signed the Constitution without protections for the "peculiar institution", including a clause that counted a slave as three fifths of a man for purposes of congressional representation.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. without protections... 作条件状语
B. including 引出同位语 a clause,解释说明 the "peculiar institution"
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 protections
D. for purposes 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【88】 单选

88
Works of several historians reveal the moral compromises made by the nation's early leaders and the fragile nature of the country's infancy.
对划线部分 made by the nation's early leaders 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 作后置定语,修饰 Works
B. 作后置定语,修饰 the moral compromises
C. 作 reveal 的宾语
D. 作后置定语,修饰 several historians
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【89】 单选

89
While Washington and Jefferson privately expressed distaste for slavery, they also understood that it was part of the political and economic bedrock of the country they helped to create.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. while 引导让步状语从句
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. it 为形式主语
D. they helped to create 为省略引导词的限制性定语从句,修饰 the country
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【90】 单选

90
Washington, who had begun to believe that all men were created equal after observing the bravery of the black soldiers during the Revolutionary War, overcame the strong opposition of his relatives to grant his slaves their freedom in his will.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Washington…overcame the strong opposition
B. who 引导定语从句,修饰 Washington
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰 Washington
D. to grant his slaves their freedom 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【91】 单选

91
The three-fifths formula handed Jefferson his narrow victory in the presidential election of 1800 by inflating the votes of the southern states in the Electoral College.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主谓双宾结构
B. his narrow victory 作宾语 Jefferson 的补语
C. in the presidential election of 1800 作后置定语,修饰 his narrow victory
D. by inflating the votes... 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【92】 单选

92
They have been spurred in part by DNA evidence made available in 1998, which almost certainly proved Thomas Jefferson had fathered at least one child with his slave Sally Hemings.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 They have spurred...DNA evidence
B. made available in 1998 作后置定语,修饰 They
C. which 引导同位语从句,解释说明 DNA evidence
D. Thomas Jefferson had fathered at least one child... 为省略了引导词 that 的宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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