长难句(四)


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【1】 单选

1
Studies dating back to the 1930's indicate that laughter relaxes muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies down.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Studies...indicate that…
B. dating back to the 1930's 作后置定语修饰 Studies
C. decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes 作伴随状语
D. after the laugh dies down 是 after 引导的时间状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【2】 单选

2
But because hard laughter is difficult to sustain, a good laugh is unlikely to have measurable benefits the way, say, walking or jogging does.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 a good laugh is unlikely to have measurable benefits
B. because hard laughter is difficult to sustain 为原因状语从句
C. the way, say, walking or jogging does 为方式状语从句,修饰 have measurable benefits
D. to have measurable benefits 作后置定语修饰 a good laugh
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【3】 单选

3
It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry because they are sad but they become sad when the tears begin to flow.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 humans do not cry…but they become sad
B. it 作形式主语,真正的主语为主语从句 that humans do not cry…but they become sad...
C. because they are sad 为 because 引导的原因状语从句
D. when the tears begin to flow 为 when 引导的时间状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【4】 单选

4
In an experiment published in 1988, social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of Würzburg in Germany asked volunteers to hold a pen either with their teeth — thereby creating an artificial smile — or with their lips, which would produce a disappointed expression.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 social psychologist...asked volunteers to hold a pen
B. Fritz Strack of the University of Würzburg in Germany 作同位语,补充说明 social psychologist
C. either with their teeth…or with their smile 作方式状语,修饰 volunteers
D. which would produce a disappointed expression 是 which 引导的定语从句,修饰整个短语 hold a pen with their lips
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【5】 单选

5
Those forced to exercise their smiling muscles reacted more enthusiastically to funny cartoons than did those whose mouths were contracted in a frown, suggesting that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other way around.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Those forced to exercise their smiling muscles
B. whose mouths were contracted in a frown 是 whose 引导的限制性定语从句,修饰 smiling muscles
C. forced to exercise their smiling muscles 为过去分词结构作后置定语,修饰第一个 those
D. rather than just the other way around 为 rather than 连接的并列宾语,作 reacted 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【6】 单选

6
The key to reforming higher education, concludes Mr. Menand, is to alter the way in which "the producers of knowledge are produced".
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The key…is to alter the way…
B. to reforming higher education 为后置定语
C. to alter the way 为表语
D. which 引导方式状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【7】 单选

7
The subtle and intelligent little book The Marketplace of Ideas: Reform and Resistance in the American University should be read by every student thinking of applying to take a doctoral degree.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句主干为主谓结构
B. 斜体书名为 book 的同位语
C. by every student 作状语,表明动作 read 的实施者
D. thinking of applying to take a doctoral degree 为伴随状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【8】 单选

8
However, many leading American universities want their undergraduates to have a grounding in the basic canon of ideas that every educated person should possess.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 …universities want their undergraduates to have a grounding…
B. 本句主干为主谓双宾结构
C. to have a grounding 为状语
D. that 引导同位语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【9】 单选

9
One reason why it is hard to design and teach such courses is that they can cut across the insistence by top American universities that liberal-arts educations and professional education should be kept separate, taught in different schools.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主谓宾结构
B. why 引导同位语从句,解释说明 One reason
C. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句
D. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【10】 单选

10
These are disciplines that are going out of style: 22% of American college graduates now major in business compared with only 2% in history and 4% in English.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 disciplines
B. that 引导表语从句
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰 disciplines
D. that 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【11】 单选

11
But the key idea behind professionalisation, argues Mr. Menand, is that "the knowledge and skills needed for a particular specialization are transmissible but not transferable."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主谓宾结构
B. behind professionalisation 为状语
C. argues Mr. Menand 为插入语
D. that 引导同位语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【12】 单选

12
The upside is the possibilities contained in knowing that everything is up to us; where before we were experts in the array of limitations, now we become authorities of what is possible.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句,第一个并列分句的主干为 The upside is…that…
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. where 引导定语从句,修饰 everything
D. what 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【13】 单选

13
The sobering aspect of Allen's book is that we have no one else to blame for our present condition except ourselves.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导表语从句
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰 Allen's book
D. that 引导状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【14】 单选

14
Because most of us believe that mind is separate from matter, we think that thoughts can be hidden and made powerless; this allows us to think one way and act another.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句
B. 第二个 that 引导宾语从句
C. this 指代 we think that thoughts can be hidden and made powerless
D. to think one way and act another 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【15】 单选

15
Allen's contribution was to take an assumption we all share — that because we are not robots we therefore control our thoughts — and reveal its erroneous nature.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. reveal 为主句的谓语
B. to take an assumption 作目的状语
C. we all share 为定语从句,修饰 an assumption
D. that 引导定语从句,修饰 an assumption
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【16】 单选

16
With its theme that "Mind is the master weaver," creating our inner character and outer circumstances, the book As a Man Thinking by James Allen is an in-depth exploration of the central idea of self-help writing.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 its theme…is an in-depth exploration
B. that 引导定语从句,修饰 its theme
C. creating our inner character and outer circumstances 作后置定语,修饰 the master weaver
D. by James Allen 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【17】 单选

17
This seems a justification for neglect of those in need, and a rationalization of exploitation, of the superiority of those at the top and the inferiority of those at the bottom.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 This seems a justification
B. for neglect of those in need 为状语
C. of the superiority of those at the top 为后置定语,修饰 rationalization
D. of those at the bottom 为后置定语,修饰 exploitation
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【18】 单选

18
In fact, circumstances seem to be designed to bring out the best in us and if we feel that we have been "wronged" then we are unlikely to begin a conscious effort to escape from our situation.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to be designed 作目的状语
B. to bring out the best in us 为后置定语
C. that 引导同位语从句
D. to escape from our situation 为后置定语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【19】 单选

19
However, Allen believed that the unconscious mind generates as much action as the conscious mind, and while we may be able to sustain the illusion of control through the conscious mind alone, in reality we are continually faced with a question: "Why cannot I make myself do this or achieve that?"
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句为并列复合句,两个分句的主语分别为 Allen 和 we
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 Allen
C. while 引导时间状语从句
D. through the conscious mind alone 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【20】 单选

20
Part of the fame of Allen's book is its contention that "Circumstances do not make a person, they reveal him."
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 its contention
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. that 引导表语从句
D. that 引导定语从句,修饰 its contention
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【21】 单选

21
Last month, Howard Schmidt, the nation's cyber-czar, offered the federal government a proposal to make the Web a safer place — a "voluntary trusted identity" system that would be the high-tech equivalent of a physical key, a fingerprint and a photo ID card, all rolled into one.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Howard Schmidt offered the federal government a proposal
B. the nation's cyber-czar 作后置定语,修饰 Howard Schmidt
C. to make the Web a safer place 作后置定语,修饰 the federal government
D. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a "voluntary trusted identity" system
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【22】 单选

22
Users could select which system to join, and only registered users whose identities have been authenticated could navigate those systems.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. whose 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 system
B. whose 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 registered users
C. 本句为并列复合句,第二个并列分句主干为 registered users have been authenticated
D. 本句为并列复合句,第一个并列分句主干为 Users could select to join in
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【23】 单选

23
The approach contrasts with one that would require an Internet driver's license issued by the government.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The approach contrasts with one
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 one
C. that 引导的从句主干为 that would require an Internet driver's license
D. issued by the government 作后置定语,修饰 an Internet driver's license
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【24】 单选

24
Mr. Schmidt described it as a "voluntary ecosystem" in which "individuals and organizations can complete online transactions with confidence, trusting the identities of each other and the identities of the infrastructure on which the transaction runs."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Mr. Schmidt described it
B. in which 引导地点状语从句
C. the identities of each other 与 the identities of the infrastructure 并列,作 trusting 的宾语
D. on which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the identities
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【25】 单选

25
Google and Microsoft are among companies that already have these "single sign-on" systems that make it possible for users to log in just once but use many different services.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Google and Microsoft are among companies
B. 第一个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 companies
C. 第二个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 these "single sign-on" systems
D. to log in just once but use many different services 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【26】 单选

26
They argue that all Internet users should be forced to register and identify themselves, in the same way that drivers must be licensed to drive on public roads.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 They argue
B. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句,作 argue 的宾语
C. in the same way… 作伴随状语
D. 第二个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the same way
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【27】 单选

27
The plan has also been greeted with skepticism by some computer security experts, who worry that the "voluntary ecosystem" envisioned by Mr. Schmidt would still leave much of the Internet vulnerable.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The plan has been greeted
B. who 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 some computer security experts
C. envisioned by Mr. Schmidt 作后置定语,修饰 the "voluntary ecosystem"
D. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 who
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【28】 单选

28
It seems clear that such a scheme is an initiative push toward what would eventually be a compulsory Internet "driver's license" mentality.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 It seems clear that…
B. that 引导表语从句
C. toward… 作后置定语,修饰 an initiative push
D. what 引导宾语从句,从句主干为 what would be a mentality
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【29】 单选

29
Monitoring is the first step on the road to reduction, but there is much more to be done, and not just by big companies. 划线部分 and not just by big companies 为省略结构,省略的部分为( )。
A. and 后面省略了 to be done
B. and 后面省略了 the first step
C. and 后面省略了 reduction
D. and 后面省略了 much more
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【30】 单选

30
To deliver results to its users quickly, then, Google has to maintain vast data centres around the world, packed with powerful computers.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. To deliver results to its users quickly 充当条件状语
B. around the world 充当地点状语
C. packed with powerful computers 作后置定语,修饰 vast data centres
D. 句子主干为 Google has to maintain vast data centres
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【31】 单选

31
While producing large quantities of CO2, these computers emit a great deal of heat, so the centres need to be well air-conditioned, which uses even more energy.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. While 引导时间状语
B. so 连接第二个并列分句
C. 本句为并列复合句,第一个并列分句主干为 these computers emit a great deal of heat
D. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 the centres
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【32】 单选

32
A Google search can leak between 0.2 and 7.0 grams of CO2 , depending on how many attempts are needed to get the "right" answer.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. depending on… 作后置定语,修饰 A Google search
B. how 引导方式状语从句
C. to get the "right" answer 作后置定语,修饰 attempts
D. 主句主干为 A Google search can leak between 0.2 and 7.0 grams of CO2
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【33】 单选

33
Who would have thought that, globally, the IT industry produces about the same volume of greenhouse gases as the world's airlines do — roughly 2 percent of all CO2 emissions?
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Who would have thought that…
B. that 引导的宾语从句主干为 the IT industry produces about the same volume of greenhouse gases
C. as the world's airlines do 充当方式状语
D. roughly 2 percent of all CO2 emissions 充当同位语,解释说明 the same volume of greenhouse gases
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【34】 单选

34
He has also criticised the celebrity chef Jamie Oliver's high-profile attempt to improve school lunches in England as an example of how "lecturing" people was not the best way to change their behaviour.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 He has...criticized...attempt...as an example
B. to improve school lunches 作目的状语
C. as an example 充当方式状语,修饰主句谓语动词 has…criticised
D. how 引导宾语从句,作 of 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【35】 单选

35
Lansley has alarmed health campaigners by suggesting he wants industry rather than government to take the lead.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Lansley has alarmed health campaigners
B. by suggesting… 充当方式状语
C. rather than 连接 industry 和 government 作宾语从句的宾语
D. to take the lead 充当目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【36】 单选

36
Such a move could affect firms such as McDonald's, which sponsors the youth coaching scheme run by the Football Association.
对划线部分 which sponsors the youth coaching scheme run by the Football Association 的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导非限制定语从句,修饰 McDonald's
B. which 引导非限制定语从句,修饰 firms
C. run by the Football Association 作后置定语,修饰 McDonald's
D. run by the Football Association 作后置定语,修饰 firms
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【37】 单选

7
The food industry will be alarmed that such senior doctors back such radical moves, especially the call to use some of the tough tactics that have been deployed against smoking over the last decade.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The food industry will be alarmed that…
B. especially the call 作后置定语,修饰 such radical moves
C. to use some of the tough tactics 充当目的状语
D. 划线的 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the tough tactics
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【38】 单选

38
The demands follow comments made last week by the health secretary, Andrew Lansley, who insisted the government could not force people to make healthy choices and promised to free businesses from public health regulations.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. made last week by the health secretary 作后置定语,修饰 comments
B. Andrew Lansley 充当同位语,解释说明 the health secretary
C. who 引导从句的主干为 who insisted (that)...and promised to free businesses from public health regulations
D. to free businesses from public health regulations 充当目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【39】 单选

39
Leading doctors today weigh in on the debate over the government's role in promoting public health by demanding that ministers impose "fat taxes" on unhealthy food and introduce cigarette style warnings to children about the dangers of a poor diet.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Leading doctors weigh in on the debate
B. by demanding… 充当方式状语,修饰 promoting
C. that 引导的从句主干为 ministers impose "fat taxes"
D. in promoting public health 作后置定语,修饰 the debate
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【40】 单选

40
But senior medical figures want to stop fast-food outlets opening near schools, restrict advertising of products high in fat, salt or sugar, and limit sponsorship of sports events by fast-food producers such as McDonald's.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 senior medical figures want to stop…restrict…and limit…
B. high in fat, salt or sugar 作后置定语,修饰 products
C. by fast-food producers such as McDonald's 充当方式状语
D. of sports events 作后置定语,修饰 sponsorship
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【41】 单选

41
He also urged councils to impose "fast-food-free zones" around school and hospitals — areas within which takeaways cannot open.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to impose "fast-food-free zones" 充当目的状语
B. areas 作后置定语,修饰 school and hospitals
C. within which takeaways cannot open 为 which 引导的限制性定语从句,修饰 areas
D. 主句主干为 He…urged councils
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【42】 单选

42
This includes creating a new 'responsibility deal' with business, built on social responsibility, not state regulation.
对划线部分 built on social responsibility, not state regulation 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 作后置定语,修饰 a new 'responsibility deal'
B. 作后置定语,修饰 business
C. 充当同位语,解释说明 a new 'responsibility deal'
D. 充当同位语,解释说明 business
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【43】 单选

43
In the third quarter, CEO turnover was down 23% from a year ago as nervous boards stuck with the leaders they had, according to Liberum Research.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. as 引导时间状语从句
B. as 引导原因状语从句
C. the leaders they had 为倒装结构
D. the leaders they had 省略引导词的宾语从句,作介词 with 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【44】 单选

44
We define such sold media as owned media whose traffic is so strong that other organizations place their content or e-commerce engines within that environment.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 We define such sold media as owned media
B. as owned media 作状语
C. whose 引导状语从句
D. that 引导定语从句,修饰 traffic
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【45】 单选

45
Johnson & Johnson, for example, has created BabyCenter, a stand-alone media property that promotes complementary and even competitive products.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Johnson & Johnson…has created…a stand-alone media property
B. for example 为插入语
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰 BabyCenter
D. products 为 created 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【46】 单选

46
Besides generating income, the presence of other marketers makes the site seem objective, gives companies opportunities to learn valuable information about the appeal of other companies' marketing, and may help expand user traffic for all companies concerned.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. seem objective 为状语
B. companies 为 gives 的直接宾语
C. to learn valuable information 作后置定语,修饰 opportunities
D. 本句有三个并列谓语,第三个为 expand
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【47】 单选

47
This trend, which we believe is still in its infancy, effectively began with retailers and travel providers such as airlines and hotels and will no doubt go further.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 This trend…began…
B. which 引导定语从句,修饰 This trend
C. with retailers and travel providers 为状语
D. and 为连接两个并列谓语的连词
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【48】 单选

48
Members of social networks, for instance, are learning that they can hijack media to apply pressure on the businesses that originally created them.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Members…can hijack media…
B. 第一个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 social networks
C. to apply pressure on the businesses 为宾语补语
D. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 the businesses
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【49】 单选

49
The same dramatic technological changes that have provided marketers with more (and more diverse) communications choices have also increased the risk that passionate consumers will voice their opinions in quicker, more visible, and much more damaging ways.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The…changes…will voice their opinions
B. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 changes
C. marketers 为 provided 的间接宾语
D. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 the risk
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【50】 单选

50
Toyota Motor, for example, alleviated some of the damage from its recall crisis earlier this year with a relatively quick and well-orchestrated social-media response campaign, which included efforts to engage with consumers directly on sites such as Twitter and the social-news site Digg.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. from its recall crisis 为状语
B. which 引导定语从句,修饰 social-media response campaign
C. to engage with consumers 为状语
D. such as Twitter and the social-news site Digg 为后置定语,修饰 consumers
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【51】 单选

51
If that happens, passionate consumers would try to persuade others to boycott products, putting the reputation of the target company at risk.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. if 引导条件状语从句
B. 主句主干为 consumers would try to persuade others to boycott products
C. to persuade others 为宾语
D. to boycott products 为状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【52】 单选

52
I can't think of a single search I've done where a board has not instructed me to look at sitting CEOs first.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. where 引导地点状语从句
B. where 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 I
C. to look at sitting CEOs 作目的状语
D. to look at sitting CEOs 作宾语 me 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【53】 单选

53
For years executives and headhunters have adhered to the rule that the most attractive CEO candidates are the ones who must be poached.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the rule
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the ones
D. who 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【54】 单选

54
As boards scrutinize succession plans in response to shareholder pressure, executives who don't get the nod also may wish to move on.
对划线部分 As 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. As 引导原因状语从句
B. As 引导时间状语从句
C. As 引导让步状语从句
D. As 引导比较状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【55】 单选

55
McGee says leaving without a position lined up gave him time to reflect on what kind of company he wanted to run.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. lined up 作后置定语,修饰 a position
B. lined up 作宾语从句的谓语
C. he wanted 为省略引导词的限制性定语从句,修饰 what kind of company
D. he wanted to run 为省略引导词的限制性定语从句,修饰 what kind of company
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【56】 单选

56
As the first signs of recovery begin to take hold, deputy chiefs may be more willing to make the jump without a net.
对划线部分 hold 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. hold 为时间状语从句的谓语动词
B. hold 为省略 to 的动词不定式
C. hold 为名词,作 take 的宾语
D. hold 为副词,修饰 take
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【57】 单选

57
Rather than cloaking his exit in the usual vague excuses, he came right out and said he was leaving "to pursue my goal of running a company".
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. in the usual vague excuses 作方式状语
B. in the usual vague excuses 作后置定语,修饰 his exit
C. to pursue my goal 作结果状语
D. 主句主干包含三个并列谓语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【58】 单选

58
It's no surprise that Jennifer Senior's insightful, provocative magazine cover story, "I love My Children, I Hate My Life", is arousing much chatter — nothing gets people talking like the suggestion that child rearing is anything less than a completely fulfilling, life-enriching experience.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. It 为形式主语
B. 第一个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 surprise
C. 第二个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the suggestion
D. 第二个 that 引导宾语从句,作 talking 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【59】 单选

59
Unhappy parents rarely are provoked to wonder if they shouldn't have had kids, but unhappy childless folks are bothered with the message that children are the single most important thing in the world: obviously their misery must be a direct result of the gaping baby-size holes in their lives.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. if 引导条件状语从句
B. if 引导宾语从句
C. that 引导宾语从句
D. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the message
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【60】 单选

60
But it's interesting to wonder if the images we see every week of stress-free, happiness-enhancing parenthood aren't in some small, subconscious way contributing to our own dissatisfactions with the actual experience, in the same way that a small part of us hoped getting "the Rachel" might make us look just a little bit like Jennifer Aniston.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. if 引导条件状语从句
B. of stress-free, happiness-enhancing parenthood 作目的状语
C. with the actual experience 作方式状语
D. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the same way
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【61】 单选

61
Rather than concluding that children make parents either happy or miserable, Senior suggests we need to redefine happiness: instead of thinking of it as something that can be measured by moment-to-moment joy, we should consider being happy as a past-tense condition.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. Rather than... 作状语,表转折
B. Senior suggests we 为主谓宾结构
C. it 代指 past-tense condition
D. as a past-tense condition 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【62】 单选

62
No shock there, considering how much work it is to raise a kid without a partner to lean on; yet to hear Sandra and Britney tell it, raising a kid on their "own" (read: with round-the-clock help) is a piece of cake.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 第一个 it 为形式主语
B. without a partner 作伴随状语
C. to lean on 作方式状语
D. 第二个 it 代指 raising a kid...is a piece of cake
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【63】 单选

63
In a society that so persistently celebrates procreation, is it any wonder that admitting you regret having children is equivalent to admitting you support kitten-killing ?
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 a society
B. 第一个 that 引导表语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 wonder
D. 第二个 that 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【64】 单选

64
Even though the day-to-day experience of raising kids can be soul-crushingly hard, Senior writes that "the very things that in the moment dampen our moods can later be sources of intense gratification and delight."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. Even though 引导让步状语从句
B. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导宾语从句
D. 第二个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the very things
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【65】 单选

65
The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music director has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden announcement of his appointment in 2009.
对划线部分 to hire Alan Gilbert 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to hire Alan Gilbert 作后置定语,修饰 The decision
B. to hire Alan Gilbert 作后置定语,修饰 the New York Philharmonic
C. to hire Alan Gilbert 作结果状语
D. to hire Alan Gilbert 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【66】 单选

66
One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is that Gilbert is comparatively little known.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. why 引导原因状语从句
B. as 为介词,表示“当作”
C. however 为连词,连接 why 引导的从句和 that 引导的从句
D. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 such a surprise
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【67】 单选

67
As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 an orchestra
B. 第一个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the next music director
C. 第二个 that 为指示代词作主语
D. 第二个 that 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【68】 单选

68
For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. of the art-loving public 作后置定语,修饰 the time, attention, and money
B. not only...but also... 连接两个并列状语
C. of the great classical musicians 作后置定语,修饰 the recorded performances
D. of the 20th century 作时间状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【69】 单选

69
Even Tommasini, who had advocated Gilbert's appointment in the Times, calls him "an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him".
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. in the Times 作地点状语
B. in the Times 作后置定语,修饰 Gilbert's appointment
C. about him 作后置定语,修饰 the formidable conductor
D. about him 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【70】 单选

70
To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting compositions, but it is not necessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear interesting orchestral music.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to visit... 作目的状语
B. to visit... 作结果状语
C. to hear... 作目的状语
D. to hear... 作结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【71】 单选

71
These recordings are cheap, available everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today's live performances; moreover, they can be "consumed" at a time and place of the listener's choosing.
对划线部分 they 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. they 代指 These recordings
B. they 代指 artistic quality
C. they 代指 today's live performances
D. they 代指 the listener's choosing
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【72】 单选

72
Although a correlation between them leaving and subsequent bad performance at the firm is suggestive, it does not mean that such directors are always jumping off a sinking ship.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. Although 引导条件状语从句
B. between them leaving and subsequent bad performance at the firm 作后置定语,修饰 a correlation
C. that 引导主语从句
D. 主句主干为 it does not mean
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【73】 单选

73
But the researchers believe that outside directors have an easier time of avoiding a blow to their reputations if they leave a firm before bad news breaks, even if a review of history shows they were on the board at the time any wrongdoing occurred.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句,作 believe 的宾语
B. of avoiding a blow to their reputations 作后置定语,修饰 an easier time
C. if 引导条件状语从句
D. even if 引导让步状语从句,该从句主干为 a review shows the time
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【74】 单选

74
The most likely reason for departing a board was age, so the researchers concentrated on those "surprise" disappearances by directors under the age of 70.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句,第一个并列分句主干为 The most likely reason…was age
B. 本句为并列复合句,第二个并列分句主干为 the researchers concentrated on those "surprise" disappearances
C. by directors 充当方式状语
D. for departing a board 作 The most likely reason 的后置定语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【75】 单选

75
They found that after a surprise departure, the probability that the company will subsequently have to restate earnings increased by nearly 20%.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句,作 found 的宾语
B. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the probability
C. 第一个 that 引导的宾语从句主干为 the probability increased
D. by nearly 20% 充当方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【76】 单选

76
The researchers from Ohio University used a database that covered more than 10,000 firms and more than 64,000 different directors between 1989 and 2004.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The researchers…used a database…
B. from Ohio University 充当地点状语
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a database
D. between 1989 and 2004 充当时间状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【77】 单选

77
Having made their wealth and their reputations elsewhere, they presumably have enough independence to disagree with the chief executive's proposals.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. Having… 作原因状语
B. to disagree with the chief executive's proposals 作目的状语
C. 句子主干为 they have...independence
D. their wealth 与 their reputations 并列,作 made 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【78】 单选

78
If the sky, and the share price, is falling, outside directors should be able to give advice based on having weathered their own crises.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 outside directors should be able to give
B. If 引导原因状语从句
C. based on having weathered their own crises 作 outside directors 的后置定语
D. and the share price 作插入语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【79】 单选

79
Translated, that means politicians intervening in monetary policy and a system of redistribution from richer to poorer members, via cheaper borrowing for governments through common Eurobonds or complete fiscal transfers.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 that means politicians intervening in monetary policy and a system
B. of redistribution… 作后置定语,修饰 monetary policy and a system
C. via cheaper borrowing for governments 充当方式状语
D. from richer to poorer members 作后置定语,修饰 redistribution
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【80】 单选

80
These might include threats to freeze EU funds for poorer regions and EU mega-projects and even the suspension of a country's voting rights in EU ministerial councils. 本句句子主干为( )。
A. These might include threats…
B. These might include threats…and…the suspension…
C. These might include
D. These might include threats…and EU mega-projects…and he suspension…
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【81】 单选

81
It insists that economic co-ordination should involve all 27 members of the EU club, among whom there is a small majority for free-market liberalism and economic rigour; in the inner core alone, Germany fears, a small majority favour French interference.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句,第一个并列分句主干为 It insists that…
B. 本句为并列复合句,第二个并列分句主干为 Germany fears a small majority favour French interference
C. among whom 引导非限制定语从句,修饰 all 27 members
D. for free-market liberalism and economic rigour 作后置定语,修饰 a small majority
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【82】 单选

82
Germany thinks the euro must be saved by stricter rules on borrowing, spending and competitiveness, backed by quasi-automatic sanctions for governments that do not obey.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Germany thinks the euro must be saved
B. backed by… 为过去分词短语作 competitiveness 的后置定语
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 governments
D. by stricter rules 充当伴随状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【83】 单选

83
Markets have lost faith that the euro zone's economies, weaker or stronger, will one day converge thanks to the discipline of sharing a single currency, which denies uncompetitive members the quick fix of devaluation.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 faith
B. that 引导的从句,主干为 the euro zone's economies will converge
C. thanks to the discipline 充当结果状语
D. which 引导非限制定语从句,先行词为 a single currency
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【84】 单选

84
It is stuck because the euro zone's dominant powers, France and Germany, agree on the need for greater harmonization within the euro zone, but disagree about what to harmonize.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. because 引导原因状语从句
B. because 引导的从句主干为 the euro zone's dominant powers...agree on the need...but disagree about what to harmonize
C. France and Germany 充当同位语,解释说明 the euro zone's dominant powers
D. within the euro zone 充当地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【85】 单选

85
In his Case Study House, Ralph Rapson may have mispredicted just how the mechanical revolution would impact everyday life — few American families acquired helicopters, though most eventually got clothes dryers — but his belief that self-sufficiency was both desirable and inevitable was widely shared.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. how 引导方式状语从句
B. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 his belief
C. 本句为并列复合句,第二个并列分句主干为 his belief...was…shared
D. few American families acquired helicopters, though most eventually got clothes dryers 做同位语,解释说明 how 引导的从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【86】 单选

86
The apartments in the elegant towers Mies built on Chicago's Lake Shore Drive, for example, were smaller — two-bedroom units under 1,000 square feet — than those in their older neighbors along the city's Gold Coast.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The apartments…were smaller…
B. Mies built on Chicago's Lake Shore Drive 充当 the elegant towers 的同位语
C. in the elegant towers 充当地点状语
D. along the city's Gold Coast 作后置定语,修饰 those
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【87】 单选

87
Like other modern architects, he employed metal, glass and laminated wood — materials that we take for granted today but that in the 1940s symbolized the future.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. materials 作同位语,解释说明 metal, glass and laminated wood
B. Like other modern architects 充当伴随状语
C. 划线的 that 引导同位语定语从句,解释说明 materials
D. 本句为并列复合句,第二个并列分句主干为 that symbolized the future
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【88】 单选

88
The phrase "less is more" was actually first popularized by a German, the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, who like other people associated with the Bauhaus, a school of design, emigrated to the United States before World War II and took up posts at American architecture schools.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. less is more 作后置定语,修饰 The phrase
B. who 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe,从句主干为 who...emigrated to the United States...and took up posts
C. associated with the Bauhaus 作同位语,解释说明 other people
D. a school of design 作后置定语,修饰 the Bauhaus
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【89】 单选

89
During the Depression and the war, Americans had learned to live with less, and that restraint, in combination with the postwar confidence in the future, made small, efficient housing positively stylish.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句,第二个并列分句主干为 that restraint...made small, efficient housing...stylish
B. During the Depression and the war 充当时间状语
C. in the future 作时间状语
D. in combination with the postwar confidence 为插入语,补充说明 that restraint
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【90】 单选

90
As well as those chronic problems, the EU face an acute crisis in its economic core, the 16 countries that use the single currency.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. As well as those chronic problems 充当原因状语
B. the 16 countries 充当 its economic core 的同位语
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the 16 countries
D. 主句主干为 the EU face an acute crisis
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【91】 单选

91
But when it came to their houses, it was a time of common sense and a belief that less could truly be more.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. when 引导时间状语从句
B. 主句主干为 it was a time and a belief
C. that 引导限制性定语从句修饰 a belief
D. of common sense 作后置定语,修饰 a time
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【92】 单选

92
The "Case Study Houses" commissioned from talented modern architects by California Arts & Architecture magazine between 1945 and 1962 were yet another homegrown influence on the "less is more" trend. 本句句子主干为( )。
A. The "Case Study Houses" were another homegrown influence
B. The "Case Study Houses" were on the "less is more" trend
C. The "Case Study Houses" commissioned
D. talented modern architects were influence
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【93】 单选

93
Yet these desperate measures have proved the right ones and, sadly for many journalists, they can be pushed further.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为主从复合句,主句主干为 they can be pushed further
B. they 指代 these desperate measures
C. sadly for many journalists 充当后置定语,修饰 the right ones
D. 本句为并列复合句,第二个并列分句主干为 they can be pushed
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【94】 单选

94
Even American newspapers, which inhabit the most troubled corner of the global industry, have not only survived but often returned to profit.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 American newspapers...have not only survived but...returned to profit
B. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 American newspapers
C. of the global industry 作后置定语,修饰 the most troubled corner
D. to profit 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【95】 单选

95
The whirlwind that swept through newsrooms harmed everybody, but much of the damage has been concentrated in areas where newspapers are least distinctive.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 The whirlwind
B. where 引导地点状语从句
C. in areas 作地点状语
D. 本句为并列复合句,第一个并列分句主干为 The whirlwind swept through newsrooms
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【96】 单选

96
American Society of News Editors reckons that 13,500 newsroom jobs have gone since 2007.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 American Society of News Editors...have gone
B. 主句主干为 American Society of News Editors reckons that…
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰 News Editors
D. since 2007 作原因状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【97】 单选

97
The recession threatened to remove the advertising and readers that had not already fled to the internet.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The recession threatened to remove the advertising
B. 主句主干为 The recession threatened to remove the advertising and readers
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 readers
D. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 readers
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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