长难句(三)


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【1】 单选

1
The second half of the 20th century saw a collection of geniuses, warriors, entrepreneurs and visionaries labour to create a fabulous machine that could function as a typewriter and printing press, studio and theatre, paintbrush and gallery, piano and radio, the mail as well as the mail carrier.
对划线部分 labour 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. labour 作宾语 a collection of… 的补语
B. labour 为主句谓语动词
C. labour 作后置定语,修饰 visionaries
D. labour 为从句谓语动词
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【2】 单选

2
Humans are unique in their capacity to not only make tools but then turn around and use them to create superfluous material goods — paintings, sculpture and architecture — and superfluous experiences — music, literature, religion and philosophy.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. in their capacity 为主句的宾语
B. to not only…but… 为动词不定式作后置定语
C. to create 为动词不定式作宾语 them 的补语
D. experiences 是 material goods 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【3】 单选

3
When the court deals with social policy decisions, the law it shapes is inescapably political — which is why decisions split along ideological lines are so easily dismissed as unjust.
对划线部分 split along 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. split along… 作后置定语,修饰 decisions
B. split along 为从句的谓语
C. split along… 作伴随状语
D. split along 为主句的谓语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【4】 单选

4
The most famous of these efforts was initiated by Noam Chomsky, who suggested that humans are born with an innate language — acquisition capacity that dictates a universal grammar.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主谓结构
B. with an innate language 充当方式状语
C. acquisition capacity 是宾语从句的主语
D. that dictates a universal grammar 是同位语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【5】 单选

5
To filter out what is unique from what is shared might enable us to understand how complex cultural behavior arose and what guides it in evolutionary or cognitive terms.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. what is unique 与 what is shared 是两个并列的宾语从句
B. to understand 是目的状语
C. how 修饰形容词 complex
D. 宾语从句 what guides it 作 understand 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【6】 单选

6
Here, Darwinism seems to offer justification for if all humans share common origins it seems reasonable to suppose that cultural diversity could also be traced to more constrained beginnings.
对划线部分 it 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. it 代指 Darwinism
B. it 代指 justification
C. it 为形式主语
D. it 为形式宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【7】 单选

7
It is becoming less clear, however, that such a theory would be a simplification, given the dimensions and universes that it might entail.
对划线部分中的 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. that 引导主语从句
C. that 引导表语从句
D. that 引导同位语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【8】 单选

8
In physics, one approach takes this impulse for unification to its extreme, and seeks a theory of everything — a single generative equation for all we see.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. takes 与 seeks 是并列谓语
B. to its extreme 作后置定语,修饰 unification
C. a single generative equation 充当 everything 的同位语
D. all we see 是宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【9】 单选

9
Even after the advent of widespread social media, a pyramid of production remains, with a small number of people uploading material, a slightly larger group commenting on or modifying that content, and a huge percentage remaining content to just consume.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. of widespread social media 作方式状语
B. uploading 是动名词
C. a small number of people,a slightly larger group,a huge percentage 三者并列
D. 划线的两个 content 意思相同
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【10】 单选

10
One reason for the persistence of this pyramid of production is that for the past half-century, much of the world's media culture has been defined by a single medium — television — and television is defined by downloading.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. that 引导定语从句,修饰 production
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 production
D. that 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【11】 单选

11
The challenge the computer mounts to television thus bears little similarity to one format being replaced by another in the manner of record players being replaced by CD players.
对划线部分 the computer 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. the computer 为主句主语
B. the computer 为主句宾语
C. the computer 为定语从句的主语
D. the computer 为定语从句的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【12】 单选

12
Not only did they develop such a device but by the turn of the millennium they had also managed to embed it in a worldwide system accessed by billions of people every day.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. Not only 置于句首,所以要倒装
B. to embed it 作目的状语
C. but 是介词
D. accessed 是从句的谓语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【13】 单选

13
Applications like tumblr.com, which allow users to combine pictures, words and other media in creative ways and then share them, have the potential to add stickiness by amusing, entertaining and enlightening others.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. Applications like tumblr.com 是插入语
B. which allow users to combine… 是同位语从句,解释说明 Applications
C. them 代指 users
D. to add stickiness 是后置定语,修饰 potential
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【14】 单选

14
This is because the networked computer has sparked a secret war between downloading and uploading — between passive consumption and active creation — whose outcome will shape our collective future in ways we can only begin to imagine.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. because 引导原因状语从句
B. passive consumption and active creation 对 downloading and uploading 进行解释说明
C. whose 引导同位语从句
D. we can only begin to imagine 修饰 future
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【15】 单选

15
A few generative rules are then sufficient to unfold the entire fundamental structure of a language, which is why children can learn it so quickly.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. unfold 是主句谓语
B. of a language 作后置定语,修饰 the entire fundamental structure
C. why 引导原因状语从句
D. so quickly 作结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【16】 单选

16
The second, by Joshua Greenberg, takes a more empirical approach to universality, identifying traits (particularly in word order) shared by many languages which are considered to represent biases that result from cognitive constraints.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主谓双宾语结构
B. identifying 逻辑上的主语是 universality
C. shared by many languages 作后置定语,修饰 traits
D. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 language
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【17】 单选

17
Chomsky's grammar should show patterns of language change that are independent of the family tree or the pathway tracked through it, whereas Greenbergian universality predicts strong co-dependencies between particular types of word-order relations.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主谓双宾语结构
B. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 change
C. tracked through it 作伴随状语
D. whereas 引导让步状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【18】 单选

18
Neither of these patterns is borne out by the analysis, suggesting that the structures of the languages are lineage-specific and not governed by universals.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主谓结构
B. suggesting 作伴随状语
C. that 引导限制性定语从句
D. the languages 为宾语从句 the languages are lineage-specific 的主语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【19】 单选

19
At the very least, the court should make itself subject to the code of conduct that applies to the rest of the federal judiciary.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主谓双宾语结构
B. the code of conduct 是定语从句的先行词
C. subject to the code of conduct 为主句的直接宾语
D. of the federal judiciary 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【20】 单选

20
This and other similar cases raise the question of whether there is still a line between the court and politics.
对划线部分 whether there is still a line 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. whether 引导同位语从句,解释说明 question
B. whether 引导同位语从句,解释说明 cases
C. whether 引导宾语从句,作介词 of 的宾语
D. whether 引导宾语从句,作动词 raise 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【21】 单选

21
They gave justices permanent positions so they would be free to upset those in power and have no need to cultivate political support.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. permanent positions 是 justices 的同位语
B. so they would be free 是结果状语从句
C. in power 作地点状语
D. to cultivate political support 作后置定语,修饰 need
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【22】 单选

22
Yet, in several instances, justices acted in ways that weakened the court's reputation for being independent and impartial.
对划线部分 that weakened the court's reputation 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 ways
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 ways
C. that 引导宾语从句,作 acted 的宾语
D. that 引导强调句,强调 in ways
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【23】 单选

23
As such, it needed to appreciate the economic realities, the social contexts and power relations in which each epoch stood.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. it 为形式主语
B. to appreciate... 作目的状语
C. to appreciate... 作结果状语
D. in which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the economic realities, the social contexts and power relations
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【24】 单选

24
These epochal figures represented lives hard to imitate, but to be acknowledged as possessing higher authority than mere mortals.
对划线部分 hard 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. hard 作宾语 lives 的补语
B. hard 作表语
C. hard 作后置定语,修饰 lives
D. hard 作伴随状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【25】 单选

25
"The valuable examples which they furnish of the power of self-help, of patient purpose, resolute working and steadfast integrity, issuing in the formation of truly noble and manly character, exhibit," wrote Smiles, "what it is in the power of each to accomplish for himself."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 The valuable examples
B. of the power of self-help 作目的状语
C. issuing in the formation 作后置定语,修饰 patient purpose, resolute working and steadfast integrity
D. what 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【26】 单选

26
"Universal history, the history of what man has accomplished in this world, is at bottom the History of the Great Men who have worked here," wrote the Victorian sage Thomas Carlyle.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. what 引导宾语从句
B. in this world 作地点状语
C. at bottom 为主句表语
D. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the Great Men
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【27】 单选

27
This could be no more than a passing literary craze, but it also points to a broader truth about how we now approach the past: less concerned with learning from forefathers and more interested in feeling their pain.
对划线部分 how 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. how 引导宾语从句
B. how 引导主语从句
C. how 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a broader truth
D. how 引导方式状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【28】 单选

28
This was not a volunteer soldier, not someone well paid, but an average guy, up against the best trained, best equipped, fiercest, most brutal enemies seen in centuries.
对划线部分 up against... 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 划线部分为独立主格结构
B. 划线部分作目的状语
C. 划线部分作结果状语
D. 划线部分作后置定语,修饰 an average guy
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【29】 单选

29
He appears as a character, or a collection of American personalities, in the 1945 movie The Story of G.I. Joe, based on the last days of war correspondent Ernie Pyle.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句句子主干为主系表结构
B. The Story of G.I. Joe 充当同位语,解释说明 the 1945 movie
C. based on the last days 作原因状语
D. based on the last days 作结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【30】 单选

30
Pyle was famous for covering the human side of the war, writing about the dirt-snow-and-mud soldiers, not how many miles were gained or what towns were captured or liberated.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. for covering the human side 作原因状语
B. for covering the human side 作目的状语
C. how 引导宾语从句
D. what 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【31】 单选

31
Both men emphasized the dirt and exhaustion of war, the fragments of civilization that the soldiers shared with each other and the civilians: coffee, tobacco, whiskey, shelter, sleep.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the dirt and exhaustion of war
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the fragments of civilization
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the fragments of civilization
D. that 引导原因状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【32】 单选

32
Millions of Americans and foreigners see G.I. Joe as a mindless war toy, the symbol of American military adventurism, but that's not how it used to be.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. how 引导方式状语从句
B. how 引导表语从句
C. it 为形式主语
D. it 代指 American military adventurism
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【33】 单选

33
To the men and women who served in World War II and the people they liberated, the G.I. was the common man grown into hero, the poor farm kid torn away from his home, the guy who bore all the burdens of battle, who slept in cold foxholes, who went without the necessities of food and shelter, who stuck it out and drove back the Nazi reign of murder.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. they liberated 为省略引导词的限制性定语从句,修饰 the people
B. in cold foxholes 作地点状语
C. without the necessities 作表语
D. of food and shelter 作后置定语,修饰 the necessities
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【34】 单选

34
To Egypt, France, and a dozen more countries, G.I. Joe was any American soldier, at that point the most important person in their lives.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. that 引导结果状语从句
C. the most important person in their lives 为独立主格结构
D. the most important person in their lives 充当同位语,解释说明 any American soldier
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【35】 单选

35
When people in developing countries worry about migration, they are usually concerned at the prospect of the best and brightest departure to Silicon Valley or to hospitals and universities in the developed world.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. in developing countries 作后置定语,修饰 people
B. in developing countries 作地点状语
C. to Silicon Valley or to hospitals and universities 作目的状语
D. to Silicon Valley or to hospitals and universities 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【36】 单选

36
For: "Men make their own history, but they do not make it just as they please; they do not make it under circumstances chosen by themselves, but under circumstances directly found, given and transmitted from the past."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. For 引导原因状语从句
B. For 连接两个并列分句
C. as 引导原因状语从句
D. as 引导方式状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【37】 单选

37
These are the kind of workers that countries like Britain, Canada and Australia try to attract by using immigration rules that privilege college graduates.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句
B. 第一个 that 引导表语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 immigration rules
D. 第二个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 immigration rules
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【38】 单选

38
They fear that it hurts their economies, depriving them of much-needed skilled workers who could have taught at their universities, worked in their hospitals and come up with clever new products for their factories to make.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. depriving them of... 作结果状语
C. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 skilled workers
D. to make 作后置定语,修饰 their factories
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【39】 单选

39
When Hoffa's Teamsters were in their prime in 1960, only one in ten American government workers belonged to a union; now 36% do.
对划线部分 now 36% do 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 该部分省略了 Hoffa's Teamsters
B. 该部分省略了 one in ten
C. do 代替了 belonged to a union
D. do 代替了 were in their prime
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【40】 单选

40
John Donahue at Harvard's Kennedy School points out that the norms of culture in Western civil services suit those who want to stay put but is bad for high achievers.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. at Harvard's Kennedy School 作后置定语,修饰 John Donahue
B. that 引导宾语从句,作 points out 的宾语
C. 主句主干为 John Donahue points out that…
D. who 引导限制性定语从句,先行词为 services
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【41】 单选

41
Bankers' fat pay packets have attracted much criticism, but a public-sector system that does not reward high achievers may be a much bigger problem for America.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为主从复合句,主句主干为 Bankers' fat pay packets have attracted much criticism
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a public-sector system
C. 该句为 but 连接的两个并列分句,第一个并列分句为 Bankers' fat pay packets have attracted much criticism
D. 该句为 but 连接的两个并列分句,第二个并列分句为 that does not reward high achievers
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【42】 单选

42
Politicians have repeatedly "backloaded" public-sector pay deals, keeping the pay increases modest but adding to holidays and especially pensions that are already generous.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. keeping… 与 adding to… 并列
B. 主句主干为 Politicians have repeatedly "backloaded" public-sector pay deals
C. pensions 与 holidays 并列,作 adding to 的宾语
D. that 引导限制性定语从句,可省略引导词
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【43】 单选

43
The teachers' unions keep an eye on schools, the CCPOA on prisons and a variety of labor groups on health care. 划线部分 the CCPOA on prisons 为省略句,省略的部分为( )。
A. unions
B. keep an eye
C. schools
D. labor groups
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【44】 单选

44
Reform has been vigorously opposed, perhaps most egregiously in education, where charter schools, academies and merit pay all faced drawn-out battles.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. perhaps… 为插入语
B. where 引导地点状语从句
C. academies and merit pay 作 charter schools 的同位语
D. 主句主干为 Reform has been vigorously opposed
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【45】 单选

45
Even though there is plenty of evidence that the quality of the teachers is the most important variable, teachers' unions have fought against getting rid of bad ones and promoting good ones.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 evidence
B. Even though 引导条件状语从句
C. 主句主干为 the quality is important
D. 状语从句的主干为 there is plenty of evidence
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【46】 单选

46
In the idealized version of how science is done, facts about the world are waiting to be observed and collected by objective researchers who use the scientific method to carry out their work.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 facts...are waiting to be observed and collected
B. to be observed and collected 作后置定语,修饰 the world
C. who 引导定语从句,修饰 researchers
D. to carry out their work 是后置定语,修饰 the scientific method
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【47】 单选

47
This is the credibility process, through which the individual researcher's me, here, now becomes the community's anyone, anywhere, anytime.
对划线部分 which 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导宾语从句
B. which 引导状语从句
C. which 引导定语从句
D. which 引导同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【48】 单选

48
In the end, credibility "happens" to a discovery claim — a process that corresponds to what philosopher Annette Baier has described as the commons of the mind.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 a process…has described…
B. a process 是 a discovery claim 的同位语
C. that corresponds to… 为定语从句
D. as the commons of the mind 为状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【49】 单选

49
Not surprisingly, newly published discovery claims and credible discoveries that appear to be important and convincing will always be open to challenge and potential modification or refutation by future researchers.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. that 引导定语从句
C. that 引导状语从句
D. that 引导同位语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【50】 单选

50
As a discovery claim works it through the community, the interaction and confrontation between shared and competing beliefs about the science and the technology involved transforms an individual's discovery claim into the community's credible discovery.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 a discovery…transforms an individual's discovery claim…
B. between shared and competing beliefs 为状语
C. about the science and the technology 为后置定语
D. into the community's credible discovery 为状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【51】 单选

51
Within the complex social structure of the scientific community, researchers make discoveries; editors and reviewers act as gatekeepers by controlling the publication process; other scientists use the new finding to suit their own purposes; and finally, the public (including other scientists) receives the new discovery and possibly accompanying technology.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句的四个分句为并列关系
B. Within the complex social structure of the scientific community 为地点状语
C. by controlling the publication process 为方式状语
D. to suit their own purposes 为后置定语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【52】 单选

52
Now the company is suddenly claiming that the 2002 agreement is invalid because of the 2006 legislation, and that only the federal government has regulatory power over nuclear issues.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导结果状语从句
B. that 引导目的状语从句
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the 2006 legislation
D. that 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【53】 单选

53
The legal issues in the case are obscure: whereas the Supreme Court has ruled that states do have some regulatory authority over nuclear power, legal scholars say the Vermont case will offer a precedent-setting test of how far those powers extend.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主谓宾结构
B. in the case 作地点状语
C. whereas 引导宾语从句
D. how far those powers extend 为宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【54】 单选

54
In 2006, the state went a step further, requiring that any extension of the plant's license be subject to Vermont legislature's approval.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. requiring… 作目的状语
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 a step
C. be subject to 的 be 之前省略了情态动词 should
D. subject 是名词
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【55】 单选

55
Instead, the company has done precisely what it had long promised it would not: challenge the constitutionality of Vermont's rules in the federal court, as part of a desperate effort to keep its Vermont Yankee nuclear power plant running.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. challenge the constitutionality 是宾语从句的谓语和宾语
B. what...it would not 是宾语从句
C. as part of a desperate effort 是比较状语
D. to keep… 作结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【56】 单选

56
A string of accidents, including the partial collapse of a cooling tower in 2007 and the discovery of an underground pipe system leakage, raised serious questions about both Vermont Yankee's safety and Entergy's management — especially after the company made misleading statements about the pipe.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. including… 为方式状语
B. an underground pipe system leakage 充当 accidents 的同位语
C. questions 是主句宾语
D. about the pipe 作宾语补语,对 statements 做出补充说明
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【57】 单选

57
But as the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) reviews the company's application, it should keep it in mind what promises from Entergy are worth.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主谓双宾语结构
B. as 引导方式状语从句
C. it should keep 中的 it 代指 the Nuclear Regulatory Commission
D. what 引导同位语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【58】 单选

58
The company seems to have concluded that its reputation in Vermont is already so damaged that it has nothing left to lose by going to war with the state.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为主谓宾结构
B. have concluded that 中的 that 引导宾语从句
C. that it has nothing left to lose 是 so…that… 引导的目的状语从句
D. to lose 是动词不定式作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【59】 单选

59
Certainly, there are valid concerns about the patchwork regulations that could result if every state sets its own rules.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 作限制性定语从句的主语
B. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the patchwork regulations
C. that 引导宾语从句
D. that 作程度副词表示“那样、那么”
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【60】 单选

60
The company, a major energy supplier in New England, provoked justified outrage in Vermont last week when it announced it was reneging on a longstanding commitment to abide by the strict nuclear regulations.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. provoked 为主句谓语
B. when it announced 中的 it 代指 New England
C. when it announced 中的 it announced 是插入语
D. to abide by the strict nuclear regulations 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【61】 单选

61
The most glaring flaw of the social cure as it's presented here is that it doesn't work very well for very long.
对划线部分的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 为限制性定语从句,修饰 the social cure
B. 为同位语从句,解释说明 the social cure
C. 为方式状语从句
D. 为目的状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【62】 单选

62
But in her new book Join the Club, Tina Rosenberg contends that peer pressure can also be a positive force through what she calls the social cure, in which organizations and officials use the power of group dynamics to help individuals improve their lives and possibly the world.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 …her new book…contends that…
B. that 引导宾语从句,作 contends 的宾语
C. what she calls the social cure 为定语从句,修饰 force
D. to help individuals improve... 充当结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【63】 单选

63
Rosenberg, the recipient of a Pulitzer Prize, offers a host of examples of the social cure in action: In South Carolina, a state-sponsored antismoking program called Rage Against the Haze sets out to make cigarettes uncool.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. the recipient of a Pulitzer Prize 为同位语,解释说明 Rosenberg
B. of the social cure 为介词结构作目的状语,修饰 example
C. 本句为并列复合句,第二个分句主干为 a state-sponsored antismoking program called Rage Against the Haze
D. uncool 作后置定语,修饰 cigarettes
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【64】 单选

64
Join the Club is filled with too much irrelevant detail and not enough exploration of the social and biological factors that make peer pressure so powerful.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the social and biological factors
B. that 引导条件状语从句
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰 the social and biological factors
D. irrelevant detail 和 factors 并列,作 with 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【65】 单选

65
"Dare to be different, please don't smoke!" pleads one billboard campaign aimed at reducing smoking among teenagers — teenagers, who desire nothing more than fitting in.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. Dare to be different 充当伴随状语
B. 主句主干为 …one billboard campaign aimed at…
C. aimed at reducing smoking among teenagers 为后置定语,修饰 campaign
D. who 引导同位语从句,解释说明 teenagers
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【66】 单选

66
Her critique of the lameness of many public-health campaigns is spot-on: they fail to mobilize peer pressure for healthy habits, and they demonstrate a seriously flawed understanding of psychology.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. many public-health campaign 为主句主语
B. of many public-health campaigns 为后置定语,修饰 critique
C. 冒号后的内容是对 Her critique 的解释说明
D. they demonstrate…psychology 为限制性定语从句,修饰 campaigns
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【67】 单选

67
When nursery colours were introduced, pink was actually considered the more masculine colour, a pastel version of red, which was associated with strength.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. When 引导时间状语从句
B. the more masculine colour 作主句的宾语
C. a pastel version of red 充当同位语,解释说明 the more masculine colour
D. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 a pastel version of red
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【68】 单选

68
Then it presents that connection, even among two-year-olds, between girls as not only innocent but as evidence of innocence.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 为指示形容词,意为“那个”
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. that 引导主语从句
D. that 引导结果状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【69】 单选

69
Children were not colour-coded at all until the early 20th century: in the era before domestic washing machines all babies wore white as a practical matter, since the only way of getting clothes clean was to boil them.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. before 引导时间状语从句
B. before 引导主语从句
C. since 引导原因状语从句
D. since 引导时间状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【70】 单选

70
It was only after "toddler" became a common shoppers' term that it evolved into a broadly accepted developmental stage.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. after 引导表语从句
B. after 引导时间状语从句
C. that 引导目的状语从句
D. 划线部分的 it 为形式主语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【71】 单选

71
Trade publications counselled department stores that, in order to increase sales, they should create a "third stepping stone" between infant wear and older kids' clothes.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 department stores
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 department stores
C. that 引导宾语从句
D. that 引导目的状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【72】 单选

72
It was not until the mid-1980s, when amplifying age and sex differences became a dominant children's marketing strategy, that pink fully came into its own, when it began to seem inherently attractive to girls, part of what defined them as female, at least for the first few critical years.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 第一个 when 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 the mid-1980s
B. that 引导结果状语从句
C. 第二个 when 引导时间状语从句
D. what 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【73】 单选

73
I had not realised how profoundly marketing trends dictated our perception of what is natural to kids, including our core beliefs about their psychological development.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. how 引导方式状语从句
B. how 引导主语从句
C. what 引导宾语从句
D. what 引导结果状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【74】 单选

74
But as companies continue their attempts at personalized medicine, the courts will remain rather busy.
对划线部分 as 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. as 引导让步状语从句
B. as 引导原因状语从句
C. as 引导时间状语从句
D. as 引导目的状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【75】 单选

75
A federal appeals court overturned the prior decision, ruling that Myriad Genetics could indeed hold patents to two genes that help forecast a woman's risk of breast cancer.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句
B. 第一个 that 引导结果状语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 two genes
D. 第二个 that 引导主语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【76】 单选

76
The Biotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO), a trade group, assured members that this was just a "preliminary step" in a longer battle.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句句子主干为主谓宾+宾补结构
B. a trade group 充当同位语,解释说明 The Biotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO)
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 members
D. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 members
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【77】 单选

77
But if the district is essentially giving a pass to students who do not do their homework because of complicated family lives, it is going riskily close to the implication that standards need to be lowered for poor children.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. if 引导条件状语从句
B. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 students
C. because of complicated family lives 作原因状语
D. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the implication
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【78】 单选

78
If the district finds homework to be unimportant to its students' academic achievement, it should move to reduce or eliminate the assignments, not make them count for almost nothing.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. If 引导条件状语从句
B. to be unimportant 作目的状语
C. it 代指 the district
D. not make them count for almost nothing 与 move to... 并列
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【79】 单选

79
But with homework counting for no more than 10% of their grades, students can easily skip half their homework and see very little difference on their report cards.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. with... 为独立主格结构
B. with... 作目的状语
C. skip 和 see 并列
D. on their report cards 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【80】 单选

80
Meanwhile, this policy does nothing to ensure that the homework students receive is meaningful or appropriate to their age and the subject or that teachers are not assigning more than they are willing to review and correct.
对划线部分 than 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. than 引导比较状语从句
B. than 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 more (homework)
C. than 引导宾语从句
D. than 引导让步状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【81】 单选

81
The homework rules should be put on hold while the school board, which is responsible for setting educational policy, looks into the matter and conducts public hearings.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. while 引导让步状语从句
B. while 引导原因状语从句
C. which 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the school board
D. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the school board
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【82】 单选

82
It is not that pink is intrinsically bad, but it is such a tiny slice of the rainbow and, though it may celebrate girlhood in one way, it also repeatedly and firmly fuses girls' identity to appearance.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 划线部分的 It 为形式主语
B. that 引导主语从句
C. of the rainbow 作后置定语,修饰 a tiny slice
D. though 引导原因状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【83】 单选

83
Unfortunately, L.
A. Unified has produced an inflexible policy which mandates that with the exception of some advanced courses, homework may no longer count for more than 10% of a student's academic grade.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导同位语从句,解释说明 an inflexible policy
B. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 L.
A. Unified
C. that 引导宾语从句
D. that 引导主语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【84】 单选

84
Certainly, no homework should be assigned that students cannot complete on their own or that they cannot do without expensive equipment.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导目的状语从句
B. on their own 作地点状语
C. 第二个 that 引导原因状语从句
D. without expensive equipment 作条件状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【85】 单选

85
This rule is meant to address the difficulty that students from impoverished or chaotic homes might have in completing their homework.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the difficulty
B. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the difficulty
C. in completing their homework 作地点状语
D. in completing their homework 作时间状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【86】 单选

86
Critics make three main arguments against gene patents: a gene is a product of nature, so it may not be patented; gene patents suppress innovation rather than reward it; and patents' monopolies restrict access to genetic tests such as Myriad's.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. so 引导原因状语从句
B. so 引导结果状语从句
C. to genetic tests 作后置定语,修饰 access
D. to genetic tests 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【87】 单选

87
In October the Department of Justice filed a brief in the Myriad case, arguing that an isolated DNA molecule "is no less a product of nature...than are cotton fibers that have been separated from cotton seeds".
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句
B. 第一个 that 引导结果状语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 cotton fibers
D. 第二个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 a product of nature
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【88】 单选

88
For example, it is unclear whether the sequencing of a whole genome violates the patents of individual genes within it.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. whether 引导表语从句
B. whether 引导条件状语从句
C. 划线部分的 it 代指 the sequencing
D. 划线部分的 it 代指 a whole genome
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【89】 单选

89
Firms are now studying how genes interact, looking for correlations that might be used to determine the causes of disease or predict a drug's efficacy.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. how 引导方式状语从句
B. how 引导原因状语从句
C. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 correlations
D. to determine the causes of disease or predict a drug's efficacy 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【90】 单选

90
Many said that unemployment, while extremely painful, had improved them in some ways: they had become less materialistic and more financially prudent; they were more aware of the struggles of others.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 为指示形容词,修饰 unemployment
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. while 引导时间状语从句
D. while 引导比较状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【91】 单选

91
Their success may be determined by a suit related to this issue, brought by the Mayo Clinic, which the Supreme Court will hear in its next term.
对划线部分 which 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导宾语从句
B. which 引导结果状语从句
C. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the Mayo Clinic
D. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 a suit
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【92】 单选

92
At the very least, it has awoken us from our national fever dream of easy riches and bigger houses, and put a necessary end to an era of reckless personal spending.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. it 为形式主语
B. of easy riches and bigger houses 作后置定语,修饰 our national fever dream
C. to an era 作后置定语,修饰 a necessary end
D. of reckless personal spending 作后置定语,修饰 an era
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【93】 单选

93
In The Moral Consequences of Economic Growth, the economic historian Benjamin Friedman argues that both inside and outside the U.S., lengthy periods of economic stagnation or decline have almost always left society more mean-spirited and less inclusive, and have usually stopped or reversed the advance of rights and freedoms.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. of economic stagnation or decline 作原因状语
B. of economic stagnation or decline 作目的状语
C. more mean-spirited and less inclusive 作宾语 society 的补语
D. more mean-spirited and less inclusive 作后置定语,修饰 society
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【94】 单选

94
The research of Till Von Wachter, the economist in Columbia University, suggests that not all people graduating into a recession see their life chances dimmed: those with degrees from elite universities catch up fairly quickly to where they otherwise would have been if they had graduated in better times; it is the masses beneath them that are left behind.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导宾语从句
B. where 引导地点状语从句
C. if 引导条件状语从句
D. 第二个 that 构成 it is...that... 强调句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【95】 单选

95
In the Internet age, it is particularly easy to see the resentment that has always been hidden within American society.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to see the resentment 作目的状语
B. to see the resentment 作结果状语
C. that 引导主语从句
D. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the resentment
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【96】 单选

96
In many respects, the U.S. was more socially tolerant entering this recession than at any time in its history, and a variety of national polls on social conflict since then have shown mixed results.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. than 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 this recession
B. than 引导比较状语从句
C. in its history 作后置定语,修饰 any time
D. since 引导时间状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【97】 单选

97
More difficult, in the moment, is discerning precisely how these lean times are affecting society's character.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. More difficult 为主句主语
B. is discerning 为主句谓语
C. how 引导宾语从句
D. how 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【98】 单选

98
But they certainly will reshape it, and all the more so the longer they extend.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. But 为表转折的并列连词,连接两个并列分句;
B. But 为介词,后接宾语从句
C. so 引导目的状语从句
D. so 为副词,意为“如此”,指句子前半句提到的情况
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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