长难句(二)


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【1】 单选

1
The scores were then used in conjunction with an applicant's score on the Graduate Management Admission Test, or GMAT, a standardised exam which is marked out of 800 points, to make a decision on whether to accept him or her.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. a standardised exam 是 the Graduate Management Admission Test, or GMAT 的同位语
B. which 引导限制定语从句,修饰 GMAT
C. to make... 作结果状语
D. whether 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【2】 单选

2
Dr. Simonsohn found if the score of the previous candidate in a daily series of interviewees was 0.75 points or more higher than that of the one before that, then the score for the next applicant would drop by an average of 0.075 points.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 指代 the score
B. 指代 Dr. Simonsohn
C. 指代 the next applicant
D. 指代 the previous candidate
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【3】 单选

3
But Dr Uri Simonsohn speculated that an inability to consider the big picture was leading decision-makers to be biased by the daily samples of information they were working with.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. to consider... 作目的状语
C. to be biased 作宾语补语
D. they were working with 为省略了引导词的限制性定语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【4】 单选

4
In theory, the success of an applicant should not depend on the few others chosen randomly for interview during the same day, but Dr Simonsohn suspected the truth was otherwise.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. In theory 作状语,修饰整个句子
B. chosen randomly 作伴随状语
C. for interview 作目的状语
D. Dr Simonsohn suspected the truth 为主谓宾结构
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【5】 单选

5
For example, he theorised that a judge fearful of appearing too soft on crime might be more likely to send someone to prison if he had already sentenced five or six other defendants only to forced community service on that day.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. fearful of… 作后置定语,修饰 a judge
B. he theorised that… 中的 that 引导宾语从句
C. only to forced community service 作结果状语
D. if 引导条件状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【6】 单选

6
During the late 1990s, national spending on social sciences and the humanities as a percentage of all research and development funds — including government, higher education, non-profit and corporate — varied from around 4% to 25%; in most European nations , it is about 15%.
对划线部分 it 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. it 代指 the late 1990s
B. it 代指 national spending on social sciences and the humanities
C. it 代指 a percentage of all research and development funds
D. it 代指 most European nations
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【7】 单选

7
As of 2005, there were almost half a million professional social scientists from all fields in the world, working both inside and outside academia.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. from all fields in the world 作地点状语
B. from all fields in the world 作原因状语
C. inside 与 outside 都是副词
D. inside 与 outside 都是介词
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【8】 单选

8
When social scientists do tackle practical issues, their scope is often local: Belgium is interested mainly in the effects of poverty on Belgium, for example.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. do 放在动词 tackle 前表示强调
B. tackle 为省略了 to 的动词不定式
C. on Belgium 为后置定语,修饰 poverty
D. on Belgium 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【9】 单选

9
This year, it was proposed that system be changed: Horizon 2020, a new program to be enacted in 2014, would not have such a category.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. it 为形式主语
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. be changed 之前省略了情态动词 should
D. a new program... 充当同位语,对 Horizon 2020 进行解释说明
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【10】 单选

10
Stemming climate change, for example, is as much about changing consumption patterns and promoting tax acceptance as it is about developing clean energy.
对划线部分 it 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. it 代指 Stemming climate change
B. it 代指 changing consumption patterns
C. it 代指 promoting tax acceptance
D. it 代指 developing clean energy
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【11】 单选

11
It could be that we are evolving two communities of social scientists: one that is discipline-oriented and publishing in highly specialized journals, and one that is problem-oriented and publishing elsewhere, such as policy briefs.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. It 为形式主语
B. 第一个 that 引导主语从句
C. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句
D. 第三个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰第二个 one
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【12】 单选

12
And in Europe, some are up in arms over a proposal to drop a specific funding category for social-science research and to integrate it within cross-cutting topics of sustainable development.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. to drop... 为后置定语,修饰 a proposal
B. to drop... 与 to integrate... 并列
C. for social-science research 作目的状语
D. of sustainable development 为后置定语,修饰 cross-cutting topics
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【13】 单选

13
The gardens of the homeless which are in effect homeless gardens introduce form into an urban environment where it either didn't exist or was not discernible as such.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the homeless
B. which are in effect 为主系表结构
C. where 引导地点状语从句
D. 主句主干为 The gardens...introduce form...
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【14】 单选

14
A sacred place of peace, however crude it may be, is a distinctly human need, as opposed to shelter, which is a distinctly animal need.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. however 引导方式状语从句
B. as opposed to shelter 作原因状语
C. which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 a distinctly human need
D. 主句主干为 A sacred place of peace is a...human need
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【15】 单选

15
There is no doubt that gardens evidence an impossible urge to create, express, fashion, and beautify and that self-expression is a basic human urge; yet when one looks at the photographs of the garden created by the homeless, it strikes one that, for all their diversity of styles, these gardens speak of various other fundamental urges, beyond that of decoration and creative expression.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. when 引导时间状语从句
B. 划线部分的 that 引导同位语从句,修饰 one
C. for all their diversity of styles 为插入语
D. created by the homeless 为后置定语,修饰 the garden
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【16】 单选

16
In most of the homeless gardens of New York City, the actual cultivation of plants is unfeasible, yet even so the compositions often seem to represent attempts to call forth the spirit of plant and animal lift, if only symbolically, through a clumplike arrangement of materials, an institution of colors, small pool of water, and a frequent presence of petals or leaves as well as of stuffed animals.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. yet 连接两个并列分句
B. so 引导结果状语从句
C. so 引导目的状语从句
D. to call forth... 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【17】 单选

17
It is speculated that gardens arise from a basic need in the individuals who made them: the need for creative expression.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. that 引导宾语从句
B. who 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the individuals
C. the need for… 作同位语,解释说明 a basic need
D. 主句主干为 It is speculated that…
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【18】 单选

18
This distinction is so much so that where the latter is lacking, as it is for these unlikely gardeners, the former becomes all the more urgent.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. so that 引导结果状语从句
B. so that 引导目的状语从句
C. the latter 与 the former 并列
D. all the more 修饰谓语动词 becomes
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【19】 单选

19
Another urge or need that these gardens appear to respond to, or to arise from, is so intrinsic that we are barely ever conscious of its abiding claims on us.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 Another urge or need
B. 第一个 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 Another urge or need
C. 第二个 that 引导目的状语从句
D. 第二个 that 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【20】 单选

20
When we are deprived of green, of plants, of trees, most of us give in to a demoralization of spirit which we usually blame on some psychological conditions, until one day we find ourselves in garden and feel the expression vanish as if by magic.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. When 引导时间状语从句
B. which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 a demoralization of spirit
C. until 引导条件状语从句
D. as if by magic 作方式状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【21】 单选

21
It is this implicit or explicit reference to nature that fully justifies the use of the word garden, though in a "liberated" sense, to describe these synthetic constructions.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句主句为强调句型
B. It 指代 garden
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 nature
D. to describe... 作结果状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【22】 单选

22
Third, the use of paper checks gives consumers several days of "float" — it takes several days before a check is cashed and funds are withdrawn from the issuer's account, which means that the writer of the check can earn interest on the funds in the meantime.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. before 引导时间状语从句
B. and 连接两个并列的时间状语从句
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰 the issuer's account
D. that 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【23】 单选

23
Second, paper checks have the advantage that they provide receipts, something that many consumers are unwilling to give up.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 they provide receipts
B. 第一个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 the advantage
C. something 为同位语,补充说明 receipt
D. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 something
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【24】 单选

24
First, it is very expensive to set up the computer, card reader, and telecommunications networks necessary to make electronic money the dominant form of payment.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. it 指代 electronic money
B. to set up… 为目的状语
C. necessary 为后置定语,修饰 telecommunications networks
D. the dominant form of payment 为宾语 electronic money 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【25】 单选

25
Although electronic means of payment may be more efficient than a payments system based on paper, several factors work against the disappearance of the paper system.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 electronic means of payment may be more efficient
B. Although 引导条件状语从句
C. than a payments system 作比较状语
D. based on paper 为过去分词结构作状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【26】 单选

26
For example, Business Week predicted in 1975 that electronic means of payment would soon "revolutionize the very concept of money itself," only to reverse itself several years later.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 …means…would…revolutionize the very concept…
B. that 引导定语从句,修饰 1975
C. itself 为 money 的同位语
D. only to reverse itself 为目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【27】 单选

27
Given the advantages of electronic money, you might think that we would move quickly to the cashless society in which all payments are made electronically.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 you might think that…
B. Given the advantages of electronic money 作原因状语
C. that 引导宾语从句,充当 think 的宾语
D. which 引导定语从句,修饰 the cashless society
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【28】 单选

28
The fact that this is not an uncommon occurrence means that dishonest persons might be able to access bank accounts in electronic payments systems and steal from someone else's accounts.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 this is not an uncommon occurrence
B. 第一个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 The fact
C. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 means
D. in electronic payments systems 为后置定语,修饰 bank accounts
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【29】 单选

29
A further concern is that the use of electronic means of payment leaves an electronic trail that contains a large amount of personal data.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导表语从句
B. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 A further concern
C. 第二个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 an electronic trail
D. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 the use
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【30】 单选

30
We often hear media reports that an unauthorized hacker has been able to access a computer database and to alter information stored there.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 We often hear media reports
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 media reports
C. to alter information 为目的状语
D. stored there 为后置定语,修饰 information
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【31】 单选

31
The hugely popular blog the Skint Foodie chronicles how Tony balances his love of good food with living on benefits.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Tony balances his love
B. how 引导方式状语从句
C. of good food 作后置定语,修饰 love
D. with living on benefits 作后置定语,修饰 good food
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【32】 单选

32
I can pick a date from the past 53 years and know instantly where I was, what happened in the news and even the day of the week.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. where 引导定语从句,修饰 a date
B. where 引导地点状语从句
C. what 引导主语从句
D. what 引导宾语从句,充当 know 的宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【33】 单选

33
I can recall the day my grandfather died and the sadness I felt when we went to the hospital the day before.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 I can recall the day…and the sadness…
B. my grandfather died 为定语从句,修饰 the day
C. felt… 为定语从句,修饰 the sadness
D. when 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【34】 单选

34
I also remember that the musical play Hair opened on Broadway on the same day — they both just pop into my mind in the same way.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 I also remember that…
B. that 引导同位语从句
C. Hair 为 the musical play 的同位语
D. opened on Broadway on the same day 作后置定语,修饰 the musical play Hair
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【35】 单选

35
When I think of a sad memory, I do what everyone does — try to put it to one side.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 I do what…
B. When 引导主语从句
C. what 引导宾语从句
D. try to put it to one side 作同位语,解释说明 what everyone does
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【36】 单选

36
With them, there's not the same embarrassment as when buying one carrot in a little greengrocer.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 there's not the same embarrassment
B. With them 为原因状语
C. as 引比较状语从句
D. when 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【37】 单选

37
Impulsive spending isn't an option, so plan your week's menu in advance, making shopping lists for your ingredients in their exact quantities.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. so 连接两个因果关系的分句
B. making shopping lists 作伴随状语
C. for your ingredients 作目的状语
D. in their exact quantities 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【38】 单选

38
After bills, Tony has £60 a week to spend, £40 of which goes on food, but 10 years ago he was earning £130,000 a year working in corporate communications and eating at London's best restaurants at least twice a week.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 本句为 but 连接的并列复合句
B. to spend 作后置定语,修饰 £60
C. which 引导定语从句,修饰 £60
D. working in corporate communications 作后置定语,修饰 a year
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【39】 单选

39
It's also a good idea to shop daily instead of weekly, because, being human, you'll sometimes change your mind about what you fancy.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. It 指代 to shop daily instead of weekly
B. to shop daily instead of weekly 作后置定语,修饰 idea
C. being human 作 idea 的同位语
D. what 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【40】 单选

40
And if you plan properly, you'll know that you only need, say, 350g of shin of beef and six rashers of bacon, not whatever weight is pre-packed in the supermarket chiller.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. if 引导主语从句
B. that 引导同位语从句
C. say 为插入语,表举例
D. whatever 引导主语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【41】 单选

41
Soon you'll feel comfortable asking if they've any knuckles of ham for soups and stews, or beef bones, chicken carcasses and fish heads for stock which, more often than not, they’ll let you have for free.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 they'll let you have for free
B. asking if… 作伴随状语
C. if 引导条件状语从句
D. which 引导定语从句,修饰 stock
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【42】 单选

42
In the 2006 film version of The Devil Wears Prada, Miranda Priestly, played by Meryl Streep, scolds her unattractive assistant for imagining that high fashion doesn’t affect her.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. played by Meryl Streep 作伴随状语
B. for imagining… 作目的状语
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 her unattractive assistant
D. scolds 为主句谓语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【43】 单选

43
Americans, she finds, buy roughly 20 billion garments a year — about 64 items per person — and no matter how much they give away, this excess leads to waste.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. she finds 充当主句的主语和谓语
B. about… 作后置定语,修饰 20 billion garments
C. no matter how 引导让步状语从句
D. they give away 为省略引导词的限制性定语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【44】 单选

44
She exhibits the idealism common to many advocates of sustainability, be it in food or in energy.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. common to… 作后置定语,修饰 the idealism
B. be it in food or in energy 是独立主格结构
C. be it in food or in energy 是省略 to 的动词不定式
D. common to… 作伴随状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【45】 单选

45
For H&M to offer a $5.95 knit miniskirt in all its 2,300-plus stores around the world, it must rely on low-wage overseas labor, order in volumes that strain natural resources, and use massive amounts of harmful chemicals.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 代指 low-wage overseas labor
B. that 代指 H&M
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 volumes
D. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明主句 it must rely on...
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【46】 单选

46
Though several fast-fashion companies have made efforts to curb their impact on labor and the environment — including H&M, with its green Conscious Collection line — Cline believes lasting change can only be effected by the customer.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. Though 引导让步状语从句
B. to curb... 作伴随状语
C. labor and the environment 作介词 on 的宾语
D. Cline believes 后省略了宾语从句的引导词
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【47】 单选

47
These labels encourage style-conscious consumers to see clothes as disposable — meant to last only a wash or two, although they don't advertise that — and to renew their wardrobe every few weeks.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 代指 style-conscious consumers
B. that 代指 to see clothes as disposable
C. that 引导宾语从句,作 advertise 的宾语
D. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 clothes
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【48】 单选

48
Priestly explains how the deep blue color of the assistant's sweater descended over the years from fashion shows to departments stores and to the bargain bin in which the poor girl doubtless found her garment.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. how 引导宾语从句
B. how 引导方式状语从句
C. in which 引导地点状语从句
D. in which 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the bargain bin
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【49】 单选

49
Unable to tell whether someone really objects to behavioral ads or whether they are sticking with Microsoft's default, some may ignore a DNT signal and press on anyway.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. behavioral ads 作 tell 的宾语
B. Unable to tell… 作前置定语,修饰主句主语 some
C. whether…or whether… 是由 or 连接的两个并列的宾语从句
D. 句子的主干为 some may ignore a DNT signal
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【50】 单选

50
In December 2010 America's Federal Trade Commission (FTC) proposed adding a "do not track" (DNT) option to internet browsers, so that users could tell advertisers that they did not want to be followed.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. so that 引导目的状语从句
B. so that 引导结果状语从句
C. that they did not 中的 that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 advertisers
D. that they did not 中的 that 与 so that 中的 that 并列
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【51】 单选

51
After all, it has an ad business too, which it says will comply with DNT requests, though it is still working out how.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. which it says 为主语从句,作定语从句的主语
B. though 引导让步状语从句
C. how 之后有省略,补充完整之后应是 how to do it
D. 主句主干为 it has an ad business
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【52】 单选

52
If it is trying to upset Google, which relies almost wholly on advertising, it has chosen an indirect method: there is no guarantee that DNT by default will become the norm.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. which 引导同位语从句,解释说明 Google
B. an indirect method: 冒号之后的部分起到解释说明作用,解释 method
C. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 guarantee
D. If it is trying to upset Google 是虚拟语气
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【53】 单选

53
Now utopia has grown unfashionable, as we have gained a deeper appreciation of the range of threats facing us, from asteroid strike to pandemic flu to climate change.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 utopia has grown unfashionable
B. as 引导原因状语从句
C. facing us 作后置定语,修饰 threats
D. from...to...to... 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【54】 单选

54
Look up Homo sapiens in the "Red List" of threatened species of the International Union for the Conversation of Nature (IUCN), and you will read: "Listed as Least Concern as the species is very widely distributed, adaptable, currently increasing, and there are no major threats resulting in an overall population decline."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为并列复合句,包含三个并列分句 Look up…and you will read…and there are…
B. and you will read: 冒号后的部分为插入语,是对前半句的解释说明
C. as 引导原因状语从句
D. resulting in... 为伴随状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【55】 单选

55
Take a broader look at our species' place in the universe, and it becomes clear that we have an excellent chance of surviving for tens, if not hundreds, of thousands of years.
对划线部分 it 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. it 代指 a broader look
B. it 代指 the universe
C. it 为形式主语
D. it 为形式宾语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【56】 单选

56
Bob Liodice, the chief executive of the Association of National Advertisers, says consumers will be worse off if the industry cannot collect information about their preferences.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. says 之前省略了定语从句的引导词 who
B. says 之后省略了宾语从句的引导词 that
C. consumers 作 says的宾语
D. consumers will be worse off 为主谓宾结构
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【57】 单选

57
In the past couple of weeks a quarrel has illustrated the value to advertisers of such fine-grained information: Should advertisers assume that people are happy to be tracked and sent behavioral ads? Or should they have explicit permission?
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 冒号后的句子相当于 a quarrel 的同位语,起解释说明的作用
B. are happy 与 sent 为并列谓语
C. 两个 should 是并列结构,由并列连词 or 连接
D. that 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【58】 单选

58
The potential evolution of today's technology, and its social consequences, is dazzlingly complicated, and it's perhaps best left to science fiction writers and futurologists to explore the many possibilities we can envisage.
对划线部分 it 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. it 代指 The potential evolution
B. it 代指 today's technology
C. it 为形式主语,真正的主语为 to science fiction writers and futurologists
D. it 为形式主语,真正的主语为 to explore the many possibilities
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【59】 单选

59
Science and technology would cure all the ills of humanity, leading to lives of fulfillment and opportunity for all.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 第一个 all 为形容词,意为“全部的,所有的”
B. of humanity 作后置定语,修饰 all the ills
C. of fulfillment and opportunity 作后置定语,修饰 lives
D. 第二个 all 为代词,代指 ills
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【60】 单选

60
As so often, the past holds the key to the future: we have now identified enough of the long-term patterns shaping the history of the planet, and our species, to make evidence-based forecasts about the situations in which our descendants will find themselves.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. shaping the history of the planet 为后置定语,修饰 enough
B. and our species 作插入语,起解释说明的作用
C. to make evidence-based forecasts 作结果状语
D. in which 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 the situations
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【61】 单选

61
The Constitutional principles that Washington alone has the power to "establish a uniform Rule of Naturalization" and that federal laws precede state laws are noncontroversial.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 第一个 that 引导限制性定语从句,第二个 that 引导主语从句
B. 两个 that 都引导主语从句,作 ...are noncontroversial 的主语
C. 两个 that 都引导限制性定语从句,修饰 The Constitutional principles
D. 两个 that 都引导同位语从句,解释说明 The Constitutional principles
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【62】 单选

62
But on the more important matter of the Constitution, the decision was an 8-0 defeat for the Administration's effort to upset the balance of power between the federal government and the states.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. on the more important matter of the Constitution 作地点状语
B. for the Administration's effort 作后置定语,修饰 an 8-0 defeat
C. to upset... 作后置定语,修饰 the Administration's effort
D. between the federal government and the states 作后置定语,修饰 the balance of power
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【63】 单选

63
That's because Congress has always envisioned joint federal-state immigration enforcement and explicitly encourages state officers to share information and cooperate with federal colleagues.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. because 引导表语从句
B. Congress 为 because 引导的从句的主语
C. to share information… 作结果状语
D. to share 与 cooperate 并列
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【64】 单选

64
On the overturned provisions the majority held that the congress had deliberately "occupied the field" and Arizona had thus intruded on the federal's privileged powers.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. On the overturned provisions 作地点状语
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. the congress 与 Arizona 并列
D. thus 引导结果状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【65】 单选

65
The administration was in essence asserting that because it didn't want to carry out Congress's immigration wishes, no state should be allowed to do so either.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. in essence 作主句表语
B. that 引导限制性定语从句,修饰 essence
C. because 引导原因状语从句
D. no state should be allowed to do so either 为主句主干
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【66】 单选

66
But if Congress wanted to prevent states from using their own resources to check immigration status, it could.
对划线部分 it 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. it 作形式主语
B. it 指代 Congress
C. it 指代 states
D. it 指代 immigration status
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【67】 单选

67
Davidson's article is one of a number of pieces that have recently appeared making the point that the reason we have such stubbornly high unemployment and declining middle-class incomes today is largely because of the big drop in demand because of the Great Recession, but it is also because of the advances in both globalization and the information technology revolution, which are more rapidly than ever replacing labor with machines or foreign worker.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the reason…is also because of…
B. 第一个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 a number of pieces
C. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 the point
D. which 引导定语从句,修饰 the information technology revolution
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【68】 单选

68
In an essay entitled "Making It in America", the author Adam Davidson relates a joke from cotton country about just how much a modern textile mill has been automated.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 the author Adam Davidson relates a joke
B. entitled "Making It in America" 作后置定语,修饰 an essay
C. from cotton country 作地点状语
D. how 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【69】 单选

69
In the past, workers with average skills, doing an average job, could earn an average lifestyle.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 workers…could earn an average lifestyle
B. In the past 作时间状语
C. with average skills 作后置定语,修饰 workers
D. doing an average job 为定语从句,修饰 average skills
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【70】 单选

70
Therefore, everyone needs to find their extra — their unique value contribution that makes them stand out in whatever is their field of employment.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 everyone needs to find their extra
B. that 引导同位语从句,修饰 their unique value contribution
C. in whatever is their field of employment 作地点状语
D. whatever 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【71】 单选

71
As Davidson notes, "In the 10 years ending in 2009, U.S. factories shed workers so fast that they erased almost all the gains of the previous 70 years; roughly one out of every three manufacturing jobs — about 6 million in total — disappeared."
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. As 引导定语从句,修饰整句话
B. ending in 2009 作后置定语,修饰 the 10 years
C. that 引导定语从句,修饰 workers
D. about 6 million in total 为插入语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【72】 单选

72
In a world where average is officially over, there are many things we need to do to support employment, but nothing would be more important than passing some kind of G.I. Bill for the 21st century that ensures that every American has access to post-high school education.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. where 引导地点状语从句
B. for the 21st century 为原因状语
C. 第一个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 the 21st century
D. 第二个 that 引导宾语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【73】 单选

73
But the one thing we know for sure is that with each advance in globalization and the I.T. revolution, the best jobs will require workers to have more and better education to make themselves above average.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. we know for sure 为定语从句,修饰 the one thing
B. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the one thing
C. with each advance 作方式状语
D. to have more and better education 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【74】 单选

74
The Europe Union is now considering legislation to compel corporate boards to maintain a certain proportion of women — up to 60 percent.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 The Europe Union is...considering legislation
B. to compel corporate boards 作后置定语,修饰 legislation
C. to maintain a certain proportion of women 作后置定语,修饰 corporate boards
D. up to 60 percent 作 a certain proportion of women 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【75】 单选

75
Quotas get action: they "open the way to equality and they break through the glass ceiling," according to Reding, a result seen in France and other countries with legally binding provisions on placing women in top business positions.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. a result 作 Reding 的同位语
B. seen in France and other countries 作后置定语,修饰 a result
C. with legally binding provisions 作方式状语
D. on placing women in top business positions 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【76】 单选

76
Our ability to mute our hard-wired reactions by pausing is what differentiates us from animals: dogs can think about the future only intermittently or for a few minutes.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Our ability…differentiates us
B. to mute our hard-wired reactions 作目的状语
C. by pausing 作后置定语,修饰 reactions
D. what 引导表语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【77】 单选

77
John Gottman, the marriage expert, explains that we quickly "thin slice" information reliably only after we ground such snap reactions in "thick sliced" long-term study.
对划线部分 that 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导定语从句,修饰 the marriage expert
B. that 引导宾语从句
C. that 引导表语从句
D. that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 the marriage expert
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【78】 单选

78
When Dr. Gottman really wants to assess whether a couple will stay together, he invites them to his island retreat for a much longer evaluation; two days, not two seconds.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 Dr. Gottman really wants to assess whether…
B. whether 引导宾语从句
C. he 指代 Dr. Gottman
D. for a much longer evaluation 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【79】 单选

79
To accurately tell whether someone is sociable, studies show, we need at least a minute, preferably five.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. To accurately tell… 作目的状语
B. whether 引导宾语从句
C. studies show 为插入语
D. preferably five 作 a minute 的同位语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【80】 单选

80
Psychologists at the University of Toronto found that viewing a fast-food logo for just a few milliseconds primes us to read 20 percent faster, even though reading has little to do with eating.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 viewing a fast-food logo...primes us
B. that 引导定语从句,修饰 Psychologists
C. for just a few milliseconds 作目的状语
D. to read 20 percent faster 作宾语 us 的补语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【81】 单选

81
When women do break through to the summit of corporate power — as, for example, Sheryl Sandberg recently did at Facebook — they attract massive attention precisely because they remain the exception to the rule.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 they remain the exception
B. When 引导主语从句
C. as, for example, Sheryl Sandberg recently did at Facebook 为插入语
D. to the rule 为状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【82】 单选

82
If appropriate pubic policies were in place to help all women — whether CEOs or their children's caregivers — and all families, Sandberg would be no more newsworthy than any other highly capable person living in a more just society.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. If 引导主语从句
B. whether CEOs or their children's caregivers 为插入语
C. than any other highly capable person 为比较状语
D. living in a more just society 为后置定语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【83】 单选

83
But, when one considers the obstacles to achieving the meritocratic ideal, it does look as if a fairer world must be temporarily ordered.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 it does look as if…
B. when 引导时间状语从句
C. to achieving the meritocratic ideal 作后置定语,修饰 the obstacles
D. as if 引导方式状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【84】 单选

84
After all, four decades of evidence has now shown that corporations in Europe as well as the US are evading the meritocratic hiring and promotion of women to top position — no matter how much "soft pressure" is put upon them.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. that 引导同位语从句, 解释说明 evidence
B. in Europe as well as the US 作后置定语,修饰 corporations
C. to top position 作地点状语
D. no matter how 引导方式状语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【85】 单选

85
That framework has contributed mightily to our broken immigration system and the long political paralysis over how to fix it.
对划线部分 how to fix it 的理解,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 为方式状语从句
B. 为表语从句
C. 为特殊疑问代词 how+动词不定式作宾语
D. 为同位语从句
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【86】 单选

86
We hail them as Americans in the making, or brand them as aliens to be kicked out.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. as Americans 作宾语补语
B. in the making 作地点状语
C. as aliens 作原因状语
D. to be kicked out 作目的状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【87】 单选

87
Along with the many folks looking to make a permanent home in the United States came those who had no intention to stay, and who would make some money and then go home.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 those…go home
B. looking to make a permanent home 作后置定语,修饰 the many folks
C. 第一个 who 引导宾语从句
D. 第二个 who 引导定语从句,修饰 folks
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【88】 单选

88
Snap decisions can be important defense mechanisms; if we are judging whether someone is dangerous, our brains and bodies are hard-wired to react very quickly, within milliseconds.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. if 引导主语从句
B. whether 引导同位语从句
C. to react very quickly 作结果状语
D. within milliseconds 作地点状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【89】 单选

89
Scientists have found that although we are prone to snap overreactions, if we take a moment and think about how we are likely to react, we can reduce or even eliminate the negative effects of our quick, hard-wired responses.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 we can reduce or even eliminate the negative effects…
B. that 引导让步状语从句
C. how 引导方式状语从句
D. of our quick, hard-wired responses 作后置定语,修饰 the negative effects
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【90】 单选

90
Looking beyond the culture war logic of right or wrong means opening up the middle ground and understanding that managing immigration today requires multiple paths and multiple outcomes, including some that are not easy to accomplish legally in the existing system.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 war logic of right or wrong means opening up…and understanding that…
B. and 连接 opening up 的两个宾语 the middle ground 和 understanding
C. 第一个 that 引导同位语从句,解释说明 understanding
D. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 some
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【91】 单选

91
We need them to feel that home can be both here and there and that they can belong to two nations honorably.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 主句主干为 We need them to feel…
B. to feel… 作目的状语
C. 第一个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 feel
D. 第二个 that 引导定语从句,修饰 here and there
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【92】 单选

92
We need them to imagine the United States as a place where they can be productive for a while without committing themselves to staying forever.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. to imagine the United States… 作目的状语
B. as a place… 作方式状语
C. where 引导地点状语从句
D. without committing themselves to staying forever 作伴随状语
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【93】 单选

93
They are energetic participants in a global economy driven by the flow of work, money and ideas.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 They are energetic participants
B. in a global economy 作后置定语,修饰 energetic participants
C. driven by the flow 作后置定语,修饰 energetic participants
D. of work, money and ideas 作后置定语,修饰 the flow
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【94】 单选

94
To start, we can recognize the new birds of passage, those living and thriving in the gray areas.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项错误的是( )。
A. 句子主干为 we can recognize the new birds of passage
B. To start 为衔接词
C. those 作 the new birds of passage 的同位语
D. living and thriving in the gray areas 作后置定语,修饰 the new birds of passage
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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【95】 单选

95
We don't need more categories, but we need to change the way we think about categories.
关于本句语法的分析,下列选项正确的是( )。
A. 本句为主从复合句
B. to change the way 作目的状语
C. the way 引导方式状语从句
D. we think about categories 为省略引导词的定语从句,修饰 the way
  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.
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