真题全文翻译(在努力更新。。。)


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【1】

 As many people hit middle age, they often start to notice that their memory and mental clarity are not what they used to be. We suddenly can't rememberwhere(1)   we put the keys just a moment ago, or an old acquaintance's name, or the name of an old band we used to love. As the brainfades(2)  , we refer to these occurrences as "senior moments".While(3)   seemingly innocent, this loss of mental focus can potentially have a (n)damaging(4)   impact on our professional, social, and personalwellbeing(5)  .
 许多人一步入中年,往往就开始注意到自己的记忆力和头脑清晰度不如从前了。我们会突然想不起来刚刚把钥匙放在哪里了,记不起某位老熟人的名字或自己曾经喜欢的某个老乐队的名字.当大脑衰退的时候,我们把这些现象称为“老糊涂"。尽管这看起来并无大碍,但这种注意力不集中会给我们的职业、社交和个人福祉带来潜在的危害。  

   Neuroscientists, experts who study the nervous system, are increasingly showing that there's actually a lot that can be done. It turns(6)   out that the brain needs exercise in much the same way our muscles do, and the right mental workouts(7)   can significantly improve our basic cognitive functions(8)  . Thinking is essentially a process(9)   of making connections in the brain. To a certain extent, our ability to excel(10)   in making the connections that drive intelligence is inherited.However(11)   , because these connections are made through effort and practice, scientists believe that intelligence can expand and fluctuateaccording to(12)   mental effort.
 神经科学家,即研究神经系统的专家,正在不断证实:其实有很多做法可以改善这种状况。研究结果表明:大脑与肌肉一样需要锻炼,而且正确的脑力锻炼可以显著改善我们的基本认知功能。思考本质上就是一个在大脑中建立联系的过程。在某种程度上,我们擅长建立能促进智力发展的联系的能力是与生俱来的。然而,因为这些联系是通过努力和练习建立起来的,所以科学家们相信智力可以随着大脑的努力程度不同而拓展和波动。  

  

 Now, a new Web-based company has taken it a step further(13)    and developed the first "brain training program" designed to actually help people improve and regain their mental sharpness(14)   .
 现在,一家新的网络公司在这方面更进了一步,开发出首个旨在切实帮助人们提高和恢复大脑灵敏度的“大脑训练程序”。  


  The Web-based program allows(15)    you to systematically improve your memory and attention skills. The program keeps track(16)   of your progress and provides detailed feedbackon(17)    your performance and improvement. Most importantly, it constantly(18)   modifies and enhances the games you play tobuild(19)   on the strengths you are developing — much like a(n) effective(20)    exercise routine requires you to increase resistance and vary your muscle use. 

 这个网络程序可以让你系统地提高记忆力和注意力。它会记录你的进展,并对你的表现和提高提供详细的反馈。最重要的是,它能不断地调整和改进你的训练内容,以不断强化你正在训练的能力,这与有效的日常锻炼要求你加大运动阻力并多样化运用肌肉非常相似。





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