长难句翻译及语法分析【11】


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【1】

He also urged councils to impose "fast-food-free zones" around school and hospitals — areas within which takeaways cannot open.
【2】

But senior medical figures want to stop fast-food outlets opening near schools, restrict advertising of products high in fat, salt or sugar, and limit sponsorship of sports events by fast-food producers such as McDonald's.
【3】

Leading doctors today weigh in on the debate over the government's role in promoting public health by demanding that ministers impose "fat taxes" on unhealthy food and introduce cigarette style warnings to children about the dangers of a poor diet.
【4】

The demands follow comments made last week by the health secretary, Andrew Lansley, who insisted the government could not force people to make healthy choices and promised to free businesses from public health regulations.
【5】

Such a move could affect firms such as McDonald's, which sponsors the youth coaching scheme run by the Football Association.
【6】

The food industry will be alarmed that such senior doctors back such radical moves, especially the call to use some of the tough tactics that have been deployed against smoking over the last decade.
【7】

Lansley has alarmed health campaigners by suggesting he wants industry rather than government to take the lead.
【8】

He has also criticised the celebrity chef Jamie Oliver's high-profile attempt to improve school lunches in England as an example of how "lecturing" people was not the best way to change their behaviour.
【9】

Who would have thought that, globally, the IT industry produces about the same volume of greenhouse gases as the world's airlines do — roughly 2 percent of all CO2 emissions?
【10】

A Google search can leak between 0.2 and 7.0 grams of CO2 , depending on how many attempts are needed to get the "right" answer.
【11】

While producing large quantities of CO2, these computers emit a great deal of heat, so the centres need to be well air-conditioned, which uses even more energy.
【12】

To deliver results to its users quickly, then, Google has to maintain vast data centres around the world, packed with powerful computers.
【13】

It seems clear that such a scheme is an initiative push toward what would eventually be a compulsory Internet "driver's license" mentality.
【14】

Monitoring is the first step on the road to reduction, but there is much more to be done, and not just by big companies.
【15】

The plan has also been greeted with skepticism by some computer security experts, who worry that the "voluntary ecosystem" envisioned by Mr. Schmidt would still leave much of the Internet vulnerable.
【16】

Google and Microsoft are among companies that already have these "single sign-on" systems that make it possible for users to log in just once but use many different services.
【17】

They argue that all Internet users should be forced to register and identify themselves, in the same way that drivers must be licensed to drive on public roads.
【18】

Mr. Schmidt described it as a "voluntary ecosystem" in which "individuals and organizations can complete online transactions with confidence, trusting the identities of each other and the identities of the infrastructure on which the transaction runs."
【19】

The approach contrasts with one that would require an Internet driver's license issued by the government.
【20】

Users could select which system to join, and only registered users whose identities have been authenticated could navigate those systems.
【21】

Last month, Howard Schmidt, the nation's cyber-czar, offered the federal government a proposal to make the Web a safer place — a "voluntary trusted identity" system that would be the high-tech equivalent of a physical key, a fingerprint and a photo ID card, all rolled into one.
【22】

Part of the fame of Allen's book is its contention that "Circumstances do not make a person, they reveal him."
【23】

In fact, circumstances seem to be designed to bring out the best in us and if we feel that we have been "wronged" then we are unlikely to begin a conscious effort to escape from our situation.
【24】

However, Allen believed that the unconscious mind generates as much action as the conscious mind, and while we may be able to sustain the illusion of control through the conscious mind alone, in reality we are continually faced with a question: "Why cannot I make myself do this or achieve that?"
【25】

This seems a justification for neglect of those in need, and a rationalization of exploitation, of the superiority of those at the top and the inferiority of those at the bottom.
【26】

With its theme that "Mind is the master weaver," creating our inner character and outer circumstances, the book As a Man Thinking by James Allen is an in-depth exploration of the central idea of self-help writing.
【27】

Allen's contribution was to take an assumption we all share — that because we are not robots we therefore control our thoughts — and reveal its erroneous nature.
【28】

The sobering aspect of Allen's book is that we have no one else to blame for our present condition except ourselves.
【29】

Because most of us believe that mind is separate from matter, we think that thoughts can be hidden and made powerless; this allows us to think one way and act another.
【30】

The upside is the possibilities contained in knowing that everything is up to us; where before we were experts in the array of limitations, now we become authorities of what is possible.





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