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【1】
Section 1 Use of English
  Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)


  Happy people work differently. They’re more productive, more creative, and willing to take greater risks. And new research suggests that happiness might influence__1__firm’s work, too.
  Companies located in places with happier people invest more, according to a recent research paper.__2__, firms in happy places spend more on R&D (research and development). That’s because happiness is linked to the kind of longer-term thinking__3__for making investments for the future.
  The researchers wanted to know if the__4__and inclination for risk-taking that come with happiness would__5__the way companies invested. So they compared U.S. cities’ average happiness__6__by Gallup polling with the investment activity of publicly traded firms in those areas.
  __7__enough, firms’ investment and R&D intensity were correlated with the happiness of the area in which they were__8__.But is it really happiness that’s linked to investment, or could something else about happier cities__9__why firms there spend more on R&D? To find out, the researchers controlled for various__10__that might make firms more likely to invest – like size, industry, and sales – and for indicators that a place was__11__to live in, like growth in wages or population. The link between happiness and investment generally__12__even after accounting for these things.
  The correlation between happiness and investment was particularly strong for younger firms, which the authors__13__to “less codified decision making process” and the possible presence of “younger and less__14__managers who are more likely to be influenced by sentiment.” The relationship was__15__stronger in places where happiness was spread more__16__.Firms seem to invest more in places where most people are relatively happy, rather than in places with happiness inequality.
  __17__ this doesn’t prove that happiness causes firms to invest more or to take a longer-term view, the authors believe it at least__18__at that possibility. It’s not hard to imagine that local culture and sentiment would help__19__how executives think about the future. “It surely seems plausible that happy people would be more forward-thinking and creative and__20__R&D more than the average,” said one researcher.

1.
[A] why
[B] where
[C] how
[D] when
A.
B.
C.
D.
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【2】
2.
[A] In return
[B] In particular
[C] In contrast
[D] In conclusion
A.
B.
C.
D.
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【3】
3.
[A] sufficient
[B] famous
[C] perfect
[D] necessary
A.
B.
C.
D.
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【4】
4.
[A] individualism
[B] modernism
[C] optimism
[D] realism
A.
B.
C.
D.
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【5】
5.
[A] echo
[B] miss
[C] spoil
[D] change
A.
B.
C.
D.
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【6】
6.
[A] imagined
[B] measured
[C] invented
[D] assumed
A.
B.
C.
D.
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【7】
7.
[A] Sure
[B] Odd
[C] Unfortunate
[D] Often
A.
B.
C.
D.
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【8】
8.
[A] advertised
[B] divided
[C] overtaxed
[D] headquartered
A.
B.
C.
D.
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【9】
9.
[A] explain
[B] overstate
[C] summarize
[D] emphasize
A.
B.
C.
D.
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【10】
10.
[A] stages
[B] factors
[C] levels
[D] methods
A.
B.
C.
D.
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